Eric S. Witze

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Assistant Professor of Cancer Biology
Department: Cancer Biology
Graduate Group Affiliations

Contact information
754 Biomedical Research Building II/III
421 Curie Boulevard
Philadelphia, PA 19104-6160
Office: (215)573-6301
Fax: (215)573-6725
Lab: (215)746-3460
Education:
B.A. (Biology)
University of California, Santa Barbara, 1994.
Ph.D. (Molecular, Cell, & Developmental Biology)
University of California, Santa Barbara, 2003.
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Description of Research Expertise

Research Interest: Wnt control of cell polarity in cancer.

Key Words: Wnt signaling, cell polarity, cytoskeleton, melanoma, live cell imaging

Research Details: Our lab studies cell polarity which is required for virtually all aspects of cell behavior including cell morphology, cell motility, and cell identity arising from asymmetric divisions (e.g., stem cells). In particular we are interested in how extracellular signals control metastatic behavior in melanoma by regulating cell polarity. Wnt5a is a non-canonical Wnt ligand that regulates cell polarity in developmental systems and we found that Wnt5a induces the formation of a novel polarized structure (WRAMP structure) in melanoma cells that mediates membrane retraction and directional cell movement. We are using live cell imaging to determine both the temporal assembly of the WRAMP structure and the function of this structure during cell migration and invasion. Future work will determine the in vivo function of the WRAMP structure and Wnt5a regulated cell polarity during metastasis.

Rotation Projects: Identification of downstream targets of Wnt5a in cancer cells and imaging of protein localization in live cells. Determine the function of polarity components during migration and invasion.

Lab Personnel:

Akriti Kharbanda (Graduate Student)
Kristen Runkle (Postdoctoral Researcher)
Rochelle Sadeghi (Graduate Student)
Ewa Stypulkowski (Graduate Student)
Wei Wang (Postdoctoral Researcher)
Katelyn Wichert (Administrative Coordinator)

Selected Publications

Wang W, Runkle KB, Terkowski SM, Ekaireb RI, Witze ES: Protein Depalmitoylation Is Induced by Wnt5a and Promotes Polarized Cell Behavior. The Journal of Biological Chemistry June 2015.

Wang W, Snyder N, Worth AJ, Blair IA, Witze ES: Regulation of lipid synthesis by the RNA helicase Mov10 controls Wnt5a production. Oncogenesis June 2015.

Penzo-Méndez AI, Chen YJ, Li J, Witze ES, Stanger BZ: Spontaneous Cell Competition in Immortalized Mammalian Cell Lines. PLoS One July 2015.

Schwartz MP, Rogers RE, Singh SP, Lee JY, Loveland SG, Koepsel JT, Witze ES, Montanez-Sauri SI, Sung KE, Tokuda EY, Sharma Y, Everhart LM, Nguyen EH, Zaman MH, Beebe DJ, Ahn NG, Murphy WL, Anseth KS: A quantitative comparison of human HT-1080 fibrosarcoma cells and primary human dermal fibroblasts identifies a 3D migration mechanism with properties unique to the transformed phenotype. PLoS One 8(12), December 2013.

Witze ES, Connacher MK, Houel S, Schwartz MP, Morphew MK, Reid L, Sacks DB, Anseth KS, Ahn NG: Wnt5a directs polarized calcium gradients by recruiting cortical endoplasmic reticulum to the cell trailing edge. Developmental Cell 26(6): 645-57, September 2013.

Londoño Gentile T, Lu C, Lodato PM, Tse S, Olejniczak SH, Witze ES, Thompson CB, Wellen KE: DNMT1 is regulated by ATP-citrate lyase and maintains methylation patterns during adipocyte differentiation. Molecular Cell Biology 33(19): 3864-78, October 2013.

Bobrovnikova-Marjon E, Pytel D, Riese MJ, Vaites LP, Singh N, Koretzky GA, Witze ES, Diehl JA: PERK utilizes intrinsic lipid kinase activity to generate phosphatidic acid, mediate AKT activation and promote adipocyte differentiation. Molecular and Cellular Biology 32(12): 2268-78, June 2012.

Witze ES, Litman ES, Argast GM, Moon RT, Ahn NG: Wnt5a control of cell polarity and directional movement by polarized redistribution of adhesion receptors. Science (New York, N.Y.) 320(5874): 365-9, April 2008.

Witze ES, Field ED, Hunt DF, Rothman JH: C. elegans pur alpha, an activator of end-1, synergizes with the Wnt pathway to specify endoderm. Developmental Biology 327(1): 12-23, March 2009.

Witze ES, Old WM, Resing KA, Ahn NG: Mapping protein post-translational modifications with mass spectrometry. Nature Methods 4(10): 798-806, October 2007.

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Last updated: 08/06/2015
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