Family Medicine

Faculty and Staff

faculty photo

Peter Foster Cronholm, MD, MSCE, FAAFP

Associate Professor of Family Medicine and Community Health at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Medical Staff, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Medical Staff, Penn Presbyterian Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA
Core Faculty, Bridging the Gaps, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Associate, Firearm and Injury Center at Penn, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Senior Fellow, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Affiliate Faculty, Graduate Program in Public Health Studies, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Senior Fellow, Center for Public Health Initiatives, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Faculty Affiliate, The Evelyn Jacobs Ortner-Unity Program in Family Violence at the University of Pennsylvania School of Social Policy & Practice, Philadelphia, PA
Medical Staff, Penn Medicine at Rittenhouse (LTACH - Long Term Acute Care Hospital), Philadelphia, PA
Senior Fellow, Center for Health Behavior Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Co-Director, Mixed Methods Research Lab [http://www.med.upenn.edu/mmrl/], Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Pennsylvania, Phil, PA
Department: Family Medicine and Community Health

Contact information
Anatomy and Chemistry Building, Room 141
3620 Hamilton Walk
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Office: (215) 746-1833
Fax: 215-573-9025
Education:
Honors BS (Major: Physics; Minors: Mathematics and Philosophy)
University of Delaware , 1993.
(Graduate Studies in Physics)
University of Delaware , 1994.
MD (Medicine)
Temple University School of Medicine, 1998.
MSCE (Epidemiology & Biostatistics)
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2004.
Post-Graduate Training
Intern, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 1998-1999.
Resident, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 1999-2001.
Chief Resident, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 2000-2001.
Faculty Development Research Fellow, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 2001-2004.
Instructor A, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 2001-2005.
Duke Health Leadership Program Graduate, Department of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, 2005-2006.
Penn Medicine Leadership Forum Participant, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 2011-2011.
Certifications
American Board of Family Medicine, 2001.
American Board of Family Medicine, 2008.
Certificate of Additional Qualifications in Hospice and Palliative Medicine - American Board of Family Medicine / American Board of Medical Specialties, 2012.
Permanent link
 
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Description of Research Expertise

Peter Cronholm, MD, MSCE is an Assistant Professor, recently completing a Faculty Development Fellowship and a Master of Science in Clinical Epidemiology at the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Cronholm's time is divided between clinical, teaching, research and advocacy interests. His research interests have focused on health services regarding: 1) the primary care management of perpetration of intimate partner violence; 2) assessing psychosocial needs of families and patients with cancer; 3) screening for adolescent depression in the acute care setting; 4) pre-teen violence prevention initiatives; 5) assessing Philadelphia-area fathering providers’ practices regarding intimate partner violence; and 5) assessing the risk of neighborhood variables on firearm injury and health. He is an Adjunct Scholar at the Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, a Senior Scholar at the Leonard Davis Center for Healthcare Economics and an Associate of the Firearm and Injury Center at Penn. Dr. Cronholm is the Director of Community Programs for the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health. For this he coordinates and evaluates the didactic and experiential components of the community medicine curriculum for the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health residency program. Dr. Cronholm is also involved with the department’s pre-Doctoral division in teaching community medicine to medical students during their Family Medicine clerkship.

He is actively involved in community programs addressing family violence, and he is also a Clinical Consultant and has served as the Director of the Men's Council on Family Violence for the Institute for Safe Families (ISF) in addition to being a member of ISF's Clinical Network on Family Violence. The mission of ISF is to addresses the health and well-being of the family as individuals, in their families, and in the communities that surround them. ISF works to prevent family violence and to offer an alternative vision for wholeness, healing, family health, and personal empowerment. Particular attention is paid to promoting changes in systems and policies that effect families living with interpersonal violence. He serves on the Board of Directors for the Men’s Resource Center (MRC). MRC was founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1979 to provide counseling services for men going through transitions - including relational, anger management and domestic violence issues. Dr. Cronholm also serves as a Clinical Consultant and member of the Policy Committee for the Women's Death Review team: A project of the Philadelphia Department of Public Health, the Philadelphia District Attorney's Office, Women in Transition, and the Philadelphia Health Management Corporation whose central objectives are: 1) to track the incidence and prevalence of violence-related deaths of women; 2) to identify the degree to which intimate partner violence contributes to the community's mortality; 3) to identify patterns and trends in violence-related deaths of women; and 4) to formulate key policy and practice recommendations to improve the systems that serve and protect women and their children.

Description of Clinical Expertise

Primary care, Domestic Violence, Men's Health, Preventive Care

Description of Other Expertise

Domestic Violence, Men's Health, Preventive Care, Community-Based Participatory Research, Medical Education

Selected Publications

Cronholm PF, Fogerty CT, Ambuel B, Harrison SL: Intimate Partner Violence. Am Fam Physician 83(10): 1165-72, May 15, 2011 Notes: Selected as cover article.

Jaeger JR, Spielman D, Cronholm PF, Applebaum S, Holmes WC: Screening male primary care patients for intimate partner violence perpetration. J Gen Intern Med 23(8): 1152-6, March 2008.

Cronholm PF: Intimate Partner Violence and Men's Health. Prim Care 33(1): 199-209, March 2006.

Keeshin B, Cronholm PF, Strawn J: Physiologic changes associated with violence and abuse exposure: An examination of related medical conditions. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse 13(1): 41-56, January 2012.

Cronholm PF, Shea JA, Werner RM, Miller-Day M,Tufano J, Crabtree BF, Gabbay R: The Patient Centered Medical Home: Mental Models and Practice Culture Driving the Transformation Process. J Gen Intern Med Page: 1-7, March 29, 2013 Notes: Online First: (DOI) 10.1007/s11606-013-2415-3.

Gabbay RA, Friedberg MW, Miller-Day M, Cronholm PF, Adelman A, Schneider EC: A Positive Deviance Approach to Understanding Key Features to Achieving Diabetes Clinical Improvement in the Medical Home. Ann Fam Med 11(Suppl 1): S99-S107, May 1, 2013.

Cronholm PF, Ellison W, Mazzella S, Witherspoon M, Bowman Lim J, Lapp T, Coleman G: Fathering agency staff members' perspectives on domestic violence perpetration. Am J Men's Health 5(1): 47-56, January 2011.

Cronholm PF, Bowman MA: Women with safety concerns report fewer gender-specific preventive healthcare services. J Women’s Health 18(7): 1011-8, July 2009.

Cronholm PF, Margo K, Bazelon G, Bream KDW, Bennett IM, Barg FK: Student attitudes: Potential barriers to implementing a community medicine field activity. Fam Med 41(1): 22-7, January 2009.

Cronholm PF, Bennett IM, Neill R: Effects of mandatory parental notification on adolescents' use of sexual health care services. [comment] JAMA 288(23): 2970, December 2002.

Cronholm, PF: Chronic pain syndromes. In: Musculoskeletal Medicine. Bernstein, J (eds.). American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Page: 225-33, October 2003.

Nicholson JM, Kellar LC, Cronholm PF, Macones GA: Active management of risk in pregnancy at term in an urban population: An association between a higher induction rate and a lower cesarean delivery rate. Am J Obstet Gynecol 191(15): 1516-28, November 2004 Notes: Editor’s choice article. Covering editorial: Socol M. Elective induction: Should we make a fuss? Am J Obstet and Gynecol 2004;191(5):1509-1510.

Bogner HR, Wittink MN, Merz JF, Straton JB, Cronholm, PF, Rabins PV, Gallo JJ: Personal characteristics of older primary care patients who provide a buccal swab for Apolipoprotein E testing and banking of genetic material: the Spectrum Study. Community Genet 7(4): 202-10, January 2004.

Frosch DL, Krueger PM, Hornik RC, Cronholm PF, Barg FK: Creating demand for prescription drugs: A content analysis of television Direct-to-Consumer Advertising. Ann Fam Med 5(1): 6-13, January 2007.

Cronholm PF: The importance of relapse [in domestic violence] Ann Fam Med June 2004 Notes: Invited Commentary [http://www.annfammed.org/cgi/eletters/2/3/231#773]

Cronholm PF: The primary care management of intimate partner violence: A health services issue. Ann Fam Med June 2005 Notes: Invited Commentary [http://annalsfm.highwire.org/cgi/eletters/3/3/248#2122]

Cronholm PF: Continuity Care and Domestic Violence. Ann Fam Med September 2005 Notes: Invited Commentary [http://www.annfammed.org/cgi/eletters/3/5/462#3514]

Cronholm PF, Straton JB: Chronic Pain. In: In a Page - Symptoms and Signs. S. Kahan and E. Smith (eds.). Blackwell Science, Page: 34, March 2003.

Bennett I, Cronholm P, Neill R, and Chism L: Confidential reproductive care for adolescents. Am Fam Physician 69(5): 1056-8, March 2004.

Nicholson JM, Kellar LC, Cronholm PF: How to prevent caesarean deliveries deserves more study. [Comment] Brit Med J 330(7494): 790, April 2005.

Cronholm PF: Domestic Violence. In: Essential Family Medicine [Student Consult], 3rd Edition. Rakel RE (eds.). Saunders, June 2006.

Cronholm PF, Straton JB, Jaeger JR: Intimate partner violence: Identification, treatment and associations with men's health. In: Intimate Partner Violence - A Resource for Professionals Working with Children and Families. Giardino AP, Giardino ER (eds.). STM Learning Inc., St Louis, MO, Page: 285-302, 2010.

Cronholm PF, Straton JB: Practical statistics for the ICU clinician. In: Avoiding common ICU errors. Marcucci L, Martinez E, Haut E, Slonim A, Suarez J (eds.). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Page: 777-83, November 2007.

Barg FK, Cronholm PF, Straton JB, Keddem S, Knott K, Grater J, Houts P, Palmer SC: Unmet psychosocial needs of Pennsylvanians with cancer: 1986-2005. Cancer 110(3): 631-9, August 2007.

Cronholm PF, Mao JJ, Nguyen GT, Paris RT: A dilemma in male engagement in preventive services: Adolescent Males’ Knowledge and Attitudes towards Testicular Cancer and Testicular Self-Exam. Am J Men's Health 3(2): 134-40, June 2009.

Cronholm PF, Straton JB: Know what the basic statistical terms mean. In: Avoiding common anesthesia errors. Marcucci C, Cohen NA, Metro D, Kirsch JA (eds.). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Page: 852-7, July 2008.

Cronholm PF, Witherspoon M: Child abuse and neglect. In: Essential Evidence. Ebell MH, Ferenchick G, Smith M, Barry H, Slawson D, Shaughnessy A, Forsch R, Li S, Wilkes M, Usatine R (eds.). John Wiley & Sons: Hoboken, NJ, November 2009.

Cronholm PF, Pittman K: Domestic violence. In: Essential Evidence. Ebell MH, Ferenchick G, Smith M, Barry H, Slawson D, Shaughnessy A, Forsch R, Li S, Wilkes M, Usatine R (eds.). John Wiley & Sons: Hoboken NJ, August 2009.

Nicholson JM, Kellar LC, Cronholm PF, Macones GA: Active management of risk in pregnancy at term in an urban population: an association between higher induction of labor rates and lower cesarean delivery rates. Am J Obstet Gynecol 189(Suppl 1): S131, December 2003.

Straton JB, Bogner HR, Cronholm PF, Gallo JJ: Older primary care patients worry about advance care planning discussions. J Am Geriatr Soc 51(4): S154-5, April 2003.

Nicholson JM, Caughey AB, Stenson M, Kellar LC, Cronholm PF: The active management of risk in multiparous patients at term: an association between a higher preventive induction of labor rate and a lower cesarean delivery rate. Am J Obstet Gynecol 195(Suppl): S99, 2006.

Bream KDW, Margo K, Cronholm PF, Bennett IM, Barg FK: Building empathy? Reinforcing classism? An RCT of a mandatory community field experience in Family Medicine. Teach Learn Med 20(1): 84-5, January 2008.

Mao JJ, Palmer S, Straton JB, Cronholm PF, Keddem S, Knott K, Bowman MA, Barg FK: Cancer survivors with unmet needs were more likely to use complementary and alternative medicine. J Cancer Surviv 2(2): 116-24, June 2008.

McCray LW, Cronholm PF, Bogner HR, Gallo JJ, Neill RA: Resident physician burnout: Is there hope? Fam Med 40(9): 626-32, October 2008.

Nicholson J, Caughey A, Stenson M, Kellar L, Cronholm PF, Bennett IM: The Active Management of Risk in Multiparous Women at Term: an association between a higher preventive labor induction rate and a lower cesarean delivery rate. Am J Obstet Gynecol 200(3): 134-40, March 2009 Notes: Editor's Choice.

Thornton E, Cronholm PF, McCray LW, Webner D: Does marathon training adversely affect baseline anxiety levels? J Am Med Athlet Assoc 21(3): 5-13, Fall 2008.

Pailler ME, Cronholm PF, Barg FK, Wintersteen MB, Diamond GS, Fein JA: Adolescents' and Caregivers' Beliefs about Depression Screening and Referral in the Emergency Department. Pediatr Emerg Care 25(11): 721-7, November 2009.

Nicholson JM, Cronholm P, Kellar LC, Stenson M, Macones GA: The association between increased use of labor induction and reduced rate of cesarean delivery. J Women's Health 18(11): 1747-58, November 2009 Notes: Covering editorial: Caughey AB. Preventive induction of labor: Can its use lower the cesarean delivery rate? J Women's Health. December 2009; 18(11): 1743-1745.

Cronholm PF, Barg FK, Pailler ME, Wintersteen MB, Diamond G, Fein JA: Adolescent Depression: Views of Health Care Providers in a Pediatric Emergency Department. Pediatr Emerg Care 26(2): 111-7, February 2010.

Cronholm PF, Singh V: Health service collaborations in the engagement of intimate partner violence perpetration. Ann Fam Med January 2009 Notes: Invited Commentary [http://www.annfammed.org/cgi/eletters/7/1/47#10494]

Cronholm PF, Nguyen GT, Barg FK: The health service burden of "low-impact" Direct-to-Consumer Advertising. Ann Fam Med January 2009 Notes: Invited Commentary [http://www.annfammed.org/cgi/eletters/7/1/41#10517]

Cronholm PF, Lapp T, Cronholm LS: Dealing with perpetrators. In: Family violence - What health care providers need to know. Fife R, Schrager S (eds.). Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC, Sudbury, MA, Page: 199-207, 2012.

Ismailji T, Callahan M, Mettner J: Academy on Violence and Abuse, Highlights of Proceedings from the 2009 Conference: Sowing Seeds of Academic Change-Nurturing New Paradigms. Trauma Violence Abuse 11(2): 83-93, April 2010.

Mao JJ, Cronholm PF, Stein E, Straton JB, Palmer SC, Barg FK: Spiritual change and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among cancer survivors. Integr Cancer Ther 9(4): 339-47, December 2010.

Strom BL, Schinnar R, Jones J, Bilker W, Weiner M, Hennessy S, Leonard C, Cronholm PF, Pifer E: Detecting Pregnancy Use of Non-hormonal Category X Medications in Electronic Medical Records. J Am Med Inform Assn 18: i81-6, November 2011.

Cronholm PF, Nicklin DE: Is spinal manipulation an effective treatment for low back pain? No: Evidence Shows No Clinically Significant Benefit Over Watchful Waiting. Am Fam Physician 85(8): 763-4, April 15, 2012 Notes: Invited Commentary/Editorial - “Controversies in Family Medicine” series.

Cronholm PF, Bair-Merritt MH: Health effects of domestic abuse. In: The Encyclopedia of Domestic Violence and Abuse. Finley L (eds.). ABC-CLIO, LLC., Santa Barbara, CA, Page: 195-7, 2013.

Cronholm PF, Bair-Merritt MH: Physicians, healthcare providers, and domestic abuse. In: The Encyclopedia of Domestic Violence and Abuse. Finley L (eds.). ABC-CLIO, LLC., Santa Barbara, CA, Page: 402-7, 2013.

Webner D, DuPrey KM, Drezner JA, Cronholm PF, Roberts WO: Sudden cardiac arrest in United States marathons. Med Sci Sport Exer 44(10): 1843-5, October 2012.

Cronholm PF, Fogerty CT, Ambuel B, Harrison SL: Qualitative Benefits of Screening for Intimate Partner Violence. Am Fam Physician 85(10): Online, May 15, 2012.

Cronholm PF: Too much too late: Primary care frustrations. Fam Med 45(6): 434-5, June 11, 2013 Notes: Narrative Essay.

Cronholm PF, Klusaritz H, Farhat N: Culturally Competent Approaches to Identifying and Responding to Intimate Partner Violence in Arab Communities. Ann Fam Med June 29, 2012 Notes: Invited Commentary/Editorial: http://www.annfammed.org/content/10/3/213.full/reply#annalsfm_el_25030.

Cronholm PF, Ismailji T, Mettner J: Academy on Violence and Abuse: Highlights of Proceedings from the 2011 Conference, “Toward a New Understanding” Trauma, Violence, and Abuse 14(4): 271-281, October 2013.

Holmes N, Cronholm PF, Duffy AJ, Webner D: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug use in American collegiate football players. Clin J Sport Med 23(4): 283-6, July 2013.

Nguyen GT, Cronholm PF: The annual female pelvic exam: Preventive time not well spent. Am Fam Physician 87(1): 8-9, January 1, 2013 Notes: Invited Commentary/Editorial.

Tomoaia-Cotisel A, Scammon DL, Waitzman NJ, Cronholm PF, Halladay JR, Driscoll DL, Solberg LI, Hsu C, Tai-Seale M, Hiratsuka V, Shih SC, Fetters MD, Wise CG, Alexander JA, Hauser D, McMullen CK, Scholle SH, Tirodkar MA, Schmidt L, Donahue KE, Parchman ML, Stange KC: Context Matters: The experience of 14 research teams in systematically reporting contextual factors important for practice change. Ann Fam Med 11(Suppl 1): S115-S123, May 1, 2013.

Lenahan P, Reilly J, Crawford LK, Cronholm PF, Wong RY, Baldwin C, Metal M: Hard Lives: Trauma from Abuse and Violence. In: Cinemeducation - Using Film and Other Visual Media in Graduate and Medical Education. Alexander M, Lenahan P, and Pavlov A (eds.). Radcliffe Publishing Ltd, London, 2: 216-36, 2012.

Cronholm, PF, Straton JB, Bowman MA: Methodology and Outcomes of a Family Medicine Research Fellowship. Acad Med 84(8): 1111-7, August 2009.

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Last updated: 09/10/2014
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