Departments and Services | For Patients | Research & Trials | Education | Find a Doctor


Search:
Division of Infectious Disease
 
    
Division of Infections Disease
 
Home
Fellowship Program
Clinical Programs
Penn CDC Prevention Epicenters Program
Clinical Trials
Penn CFAR
Botswana-UPenn Partnership
Seminars
Faculty
Adjunct Faculty
Administrative Contacts
Outpatient Clinics
News

Faculty

faculty photo

Laurence U Buxbaum, MD, Ph.D.

Adjunct Assistant Professor of Medicine
Department: Medicine

Contact information
A316
VA Medical Center
3900 Woodland Ave., Res 151
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Office: 215-823-5800 x3426
Fax: 215-823-5171
Education:
S.B. (Biology)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1987.
S.B. (Mathematics)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1987.
M.D.
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 1995.
Ph.D. (Biochemistry)
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 1995.
Post-Graduate Training
Biology of Parasitism Summer Course, Marine Biological Laboratory, 1991-1991.
Research consultant with M. Lucia Cardoso de Almeida, Ph.D., Dept. of Cell Biology, Project: GPI anchors in Trypanosoma cruzi, Escola Paulista de Medicina, São Paolo, Brazil, 1994-1994.
Intern and Resident in Internal Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 1995-1997.
Post-Doctoral Fellowship, Infectious Diseases, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 1997-2000.
Research Post-Doctoral Fellow with Dr. Phillip Scott, Project: Cysteine Proteinases as Leishmanial Virulence Factors, University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, 1998-2000.
Certifications
ABIM Internal Medicine (initial), 1998.
ABIM Infectious Diseases (initial), 2000.
ABIM Internal Medicine (recert.), 2008.
ABIM Infectious Diseases (recert.), 2010.
Permanent link
 
> Perelman School of Medicine   > Faculty   > Details

Description of Research Expertise

Research Interests
Immunology of Chronic Leishmania Infection
IgG and FcgammaR interactions
IL-10 responses
Parasite Immunology

Key words: immunology, immunoparasitology, Leishmania, parasite, IL-10, Fcgamma R, cysteine proteinase

Research Details
Worldwide there are 12 million people infected with the single-celled parasite Leishmania, with 2 million new infections a year. Spread by sandfly bites, this parasite causes fatal disease of the internal organs as well as non-healing and potentially disfiguring diseases of the skin and mucous membranes. Thirteen Gulf War veterans contracted an unusual version of leishmaniasis that affected the internal organs, even though this strain exclusively causes skin disease in local populations. Over 1200 cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis have occurred in the US troops stationed in Iraq and Afghanistan.

We have been studying infection of mice by Leishmania mexicana, attempting to understand why this parasite causes non-healing disease, whereas a related parasite, L. major, causes lesions that heal. We have found that the cytokine IL-10 suppresses a protective T cell-mediated IFN-gamma response and that IL-10 is therefore required for chronic infection. IL-10 production is triggered by antibodies on the surface of parasites. FcgammaR, likely on macrophages, are also required for chronic disease to occur. We are trying to determine the IgG isotypes and FcγR types involved in this IL-10 process as well as the cellular source of IL-10 (macrophages, T cells, B cells, other?) in order to better understand the mechanism of this suppressive response and to help guide vaccine development. More recently we began new investigations into the role of glycolipids as parasite surface targets of IgG.

A better understanding of the immune mechanisms of Leishmania infection may give insights into many other diseases that involve cell-mediated immunity, especially those caused by pathogens that live inside host cells such as tuberculosis, toxoplasmosis, and HIV.

Description of Clinical Expertise

Infectious Diseases
General Internal Medicine

Selected Publications

Buxbaum LU: IL-10 from T cells, but not macrophages is required for chronic disease in Leishmania mexicana infection American Association of Immunologists, Immunology 2013, Honolulu, HI 2013 Notes: Poster Presentation.

Buxbaum, L.U.: Leishmania mexicana Infection Induces IgG to Parasite Surface Glycoinositol Phospholipids That Can Induce IL-10 in Mice and Humans. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 7: e2224, 2013.

Jackson-Malik, P., McLaughlin, M., O’Hara, K.T., and Buxbaum, L. : Rapid Oral Fluid Testing for HIC in Veterans with Mental Health Diagnoses and Residing in Community Assisted Living Facilities. Practice Based on Evidence: The Future of Nursing. University of Maryland, School of Nursing and VA Maryland Health Care System, Baltimore, MD 2012 Notes: Poster presentation.

Buxbaum LU: IL-10 From Macrophages and Granulocytes Is Not Required For Chronic Disease In Leishmania mexicana Infection. Woods Hole Immunoparasitology Meeting, Woods Hole, MA April 2011 Notes: Poster presentation.

Buxbaum LU*, DeRitis P, Chu N, and Conti PA.* corresponding author: Eliminating mouse norovirus by cross-fostering. Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science 4(495-9), 2011.

Jackson-Malik, McLaughlin M, O’Hara KT, and Buxbaum LU : Identifying and measuring the prevalence of HIV 2010 State of the Science Congress on Nursing Research, Washington, DC Sept 2010 Notes: Oral presentation.

Jackson-Malik, P., McLaughlin, M., O’Hara, K.T., and Buxbaum, LU: Identifying and Measuring the Prevalence of Veterans with Chronic Bloodborne Illness: Testing for HIV in Community Care Residents Academy Health’s Health Services Research 2010 Annual Research Meeting, Boston, MA June 2010 Notes: Poster presentation.

Buxbaum LU: Leishmania mexicana Infection Induces Antibody Responses to Parasite Surface Glycolipids that Can Induce IL-10 and Suppress IL-12 from Macrophages American Association of Immunologists, Baltimore, MD May 2010 Notes: Poster presentation.

Buxbaum LU: Leishmania mexicana Infection Induces Antibody Responses to Parasite Surface Glycolipids that Can Induce IL-10 and Suppress IL-12 from Macrophages. Woods Hole Immunoparasitology Meeting, Woods Hole, MA April 2010 Notes: Poster Presentation.

Buxbaum LU.: Type I IFNs promote the early IFN-gamma response and the IL-10 response in Leishmania mexicana infection. Parasite Immunology 31: 153-160, 2010.

back to top
Last updated: 10/14/2014
The Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania