Department of Psychiatry
Penn Behavioral Health

Neuropsychiatry Section

Neuropsychiatry Section


Brain Structure

Kareken DA, Gur RC, Mozley PD, Mozley LH, Saykin AJ, Shtasel DL, Gur RE. Cognitive functioning and neuroanatomic volume measures in schizophrenia. Neuropsychology, 1995, 9, 211-219.

Gur RE, Mozley PD, Resnick SM, Shtasel DL, Kohn MI, Zimmerman RA, Herman GT, Atlas SW, Grossman RI, Erwin RJ, Gur RC. Magnetic resonance imaging in schizophrenia: I. Volumetric analysis of brain and cerebrospinal fluid. Archives of General Psychiatry, 1991, 48, 407-412.

Gur RE, Mozley PD, Shtasel DL, Cannon TD, Gallacher F, Turetsky BI, Grossman RI, Gur RC. Clinical subtypes of schizophrenia differ in brain and cerebrospinal fluid volume. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1994, 151, 343-350.

Gur RE, Cowell P, Turetsky BI, Gallacher F, Cannon T, Bilker W, Gur RC. A followup MRI study of schizophrenia: Relationship of neuroanatomic changes with clinical and neurobehavioral measures. Archives of General Psychiatry, 1998, 55, 145-152.

Gur RE, Maany V, Mozley D, Swanson C, Bilker W, Gur RC. Subcortical MRI Volumes in Neuroleptic-Naive and Treated Patients With Schizophrenia. American J Psychiatry, 1998, 155, 1711-1717.


Brain Function

Gur RE. Left hemisphere dysfunction and left hemisphere overactivation in schizophrenia. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1978, 87, 226-238.

Gur RE, Skolnick BE, Gur RC, Caroff S, Rieger W, Obrist WD, Younkin D, Reivich M. Brain function in psychiatric disorders: I. Regional cerebral blood flow in medicated schizophrenics. Archives of General Psychiatry, 1983, 40, 1250-1254.

Gur RE, Resnick SM, Alavi A, Gur RC, Caroff S, Dann R, Silver F, Saykin AJ, Chawluk JB, Kushner M, Reivich M. Regional brain function in schizophrenia: I. A positron emission tomography study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 1987, 44, 119-125.

Gur RE, Mozley PD, Resnick SM, Mozley LH, Shtasel DL, Gallacher F, Arnold SE, Karp JS, Alavi A, Reivich M, Gur RC. Resting cerebral glucose metabolism and clinical features of schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry, 1995, 52, 657-667.

Gur RC, Erwin RJ, Gur RE. Neurobehavioral probes for physiologic neuroimaging studies. Archives of General Psychiatry, 1992, 49, 409-414.


Sex Differences

Gur RC, Gur RE, Obrist WD, Hungerbuhler JP, Younkin D, Rosen AD, Skolnick BE., Reivich M. Sex and handedness differences in cerebral blood flow during rest and cognitive activity. Science, 1982, 217, 659-661.

Gur RC, Mozley LH, Mozley PD, Resnick SM, Karp JS, Alavi A, Arnold SE, Gur RE. Sex differences in regional cerebral glucose metabolism during a resting state. Science, 1995, 267, 528-531.

Gur RC, Turetsky BI, Matsui M, Yan M, Bilker W, Hughett P, Gur RE. Sex differences in brain gray and white matter in healthy young adults. Journal of Neuroscience, in press.



Gur RC, Skolnick BE, Gur RE. Effects of emotional discrimination tasks on cerebral blood flow: Regional activation and its relation to performance. Brain and Cognition, 1994, 25, 271-286.

Schneider F, Gur RE, Mozley LH, Smith RJ, Mozley PD, Censits DM, Alavi A, Gur RC. Mood effects on limbic blood flow correlate with emotional self-rating. A PET study with oxygen-15 labeled water. Psychiatry Research, 1995, 61, 265-283.

Schneider F, Grodd W, Weiss U, Klose U, Mayer KR, Nagele T, Gur RC. Functional MRI reveals left amygdala activation during emotion. Psychiatry Research:Neuroimaging Section, 1997, 76, 75-82.



Goldberg, T.E., Ragland, J.D., Torrey, E.F., Gold, J.M., Bigelow, L.B., Weinberger, D.R.: Neuropsychological assessment of monozygotic twins discordant for schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry 47:1066-1072, 1990.

Goldberg, T.E., Torrey, E.F., Gold, J.M., Ragland, J.D., Bigelow, L.B., Weinberger, D.R.: Learning and memory in monozygotic twins discordant for schizophrenia. Psychological Medicine 23, 71-85, 1993.



Gur, R.C., Jaggi, J.L., Ragland, J.D., Resnick, S.M., Shtasel, D., Muenz, L., Gur R.E.: Effects of memory processing on regional brain activation: Cerebral blood flow in normal subjects. International Journal of Neuroscience 72:31-44,1993.

Gur RC, Ragland JD, Mozley LH, Mozley PD, Smith R, Alavi A, Bilker W, Gur RE. Lateralized changes in regional cerebral blood flow during performance of verbal and facial recognition tasks: Correlations with performance and"Effort". Brain and Cognition, 1997, 33, 388-414.

Ragland, J.D., Gur, R.C., Deutsch, G.K., Censits, D.M., Gur, R.E.: Reliability and construct validity of the paired-associate recognition test: A test of declarative memory using wisconsin card sorting stimuli. Psychological Assessment 7:25-32, 1995.

Ragland, J.D., Glahn, D.C., Gur, R.C., Censits, D.M., Smith, R.J., Mozley, P.D., Alavi, A., Gur, R.E.: PET regional cerebral blood flow change during working and declarative memory: relationship with task performance. Neuropsychology 11:222-231, 1997.

Gur, R.E., Jaggi, J., Shtasel, D., Ragland, J.D., Gur, R.C.: Cerebral blood flow in schizophrenia: Effects of memory processing on regional activation. Biological Psychiatry 35:3-15,1994.



Moberg, P.J., Agrin, R.N., Gur, R.E., Gur, R.C., Turetsky, B.I., & Doty, R.L. (in press). Olfactory dysfunction in schizophrenia: A qualitative and quantitative review. Neuropsychopharmacology.

Arnold, S.E., Smutzer, G.S., Trojanowski, J.Q.,& Moberg, P.J. (1998). Cellular and molecular neuropathology of the olfactory epithelium and central olfactory pathways in Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 855, 762-775.

Moberg, P.J., Doty, R.L., Mahr, R.N., Mesholam, R.I., Arnold, S.E., Turetsky, B.I., & Gur, R.E. (1997). Olfactory identification in elderly schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease. Neurobiology of Aging, 18(2), 163-167.

Moberg, P.J., Doty, R.L., Turetsky, B.I., Arnold, S.E., Mahr, R.N., Gur, R.C., Bilker, W., & Gur, R.E. (1997). Olfactory identification deficits in schizophrenia: Correlation with duration of illness. American Journal of Psychiatry, 154(7), 1016-1018.

Mesholam, R.I., Moberg, P.J., Mahr, R.N., & Doty, R.L. (1998). Olfaction in neurodegenerative disease: A meta-analysis of olfactory functioning in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. Archives of Neurology, 55, 84-90.

Bylsma, F.W., Moberg, P.J., Doty, R.L., & Brandt, J. (1997). Odor identification in Huntington's disease patients and asymptomatic gene carriers. The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 9(4), 598-600.



Turetsky BI, Colbath EA, Gur RE. Gender differences in P300 subcomponent abnormalities in schizophrenia: Physiologic evidence for regional subtype pathology. Biological Psychiatry, 1998, 43, 84-96.

Turetsky BI, Colbath EA, Gur RE. P300 subcomponent abnormalities in schizophrenia: Longitudinal stability and relationship to symptom change. Biological Psychiatry, 1998, 43, 31-39.

Erwin RJ, Turetsky BI, Moberg PJ, Gur RC, Gur RE. P50 abnormalites in schizophrenia: relationship to clinical and neuropsychological indices of attention. Schizophrenia Research, 33:157-167, 1998.

Raz J, Dickerson L, Turetsky BI. A wavelet packet model of evoked potentials. Brain and Language, 66:61-88, 1999.

Gur RC, Turetsky BI, Yan MX-H, Matsui M, Grossman RI, Bilker W, Hughett P, Gur RE. Sex differences in brain gray and white matter in healthy young adults: Correlations with cognitive performance. Journal of Neuroscience, 1999, 19, 4065-4072.