Department of Psychiatry
Penn Behavioral Health

Neuropsychiatry Section

Neuropsychiatry Section

Ruben Gur, PhD


Professor of Psychology
Director of the Brain Behavior Laboratory
Member of University of Pennsylvania Psychiatry Department since 1984,
Secondary appointments in Radiology and Neurology
Member of the IRG on Clinical Neuroscience at NIH (1992-1996)


rcgur_picDr. Gur received his B.A. in Psychology and Philosophy from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, in 1970 and his M.A. and Ph.D. in Psychology (Clinical) from Michigan State University in 1971 and 1973, respectively. He did Postdoctoral training with E.R. Hilgard at Stanford University and came to Penn as Assistant Professor in 1974. His research has been in the study of brain and behavior in healthy people and patients with brain disorders, with a special emphasis on exploiting neuroimaging as experimental probes. His work has documented sex differences, aging effects, and abnormalities in regional brain function associated with schizophrenia, affective disorders, stroke, epilepsy, movement disorders and dementia. His work has been supported by grants from the NSF, NIH, NIMH, NIA, NINDS, private foundations (Spencer, MacArthur, EJLB) and industry (BioLogic, Novo, Pfizer).

Selected Publications:

Gur RC, Gur RE, Obrist WD, Hungerbuhler JP, Younkin D, Rosen AD, Skolnick BE., Reivich M. Sex and handedness differences in cerebral blood flow during rest and cognitive activity. Science, 1982, 217, 659-661.

Gur RC, Erwin RJ, Gur RE. Neurobehavioral probes for physiologic neuroimaging studies. Archives of General Psychiatry, 1992, 49, 409-414.

Gur RC, Skolnick BE, Gur RE. Effects of emotional discrimination tasks on cerebral blood flow: Regional activation and its relation to performance. Brain and Cognition, 1994, 25, 271-286.

Gur RC, Mozley LH, Mozley PD, Resnick SM, Karp JS, Alavi A, Arnold SE, Gur RE. Sex differences in regional cerebral glucose metabolism during a resting state. Science, 1995, 267, 528-531.

Kareken DA, Gur RC, Mozley PD, Mozley LH, Saykin AJ, Shtasel DL, Gur RE. Cognitive functioning and neuroanatomic volume measures in schizophrenia. Neuropsychology, 1995, 9, 211-219.

Schneider F, Gur RE, Mozley LH, Smith RJ, Mozley PD, Censits DM, Alavi A, Gur RC. Mood effects on limbic blood flow correlate with emotional self-rating. A PET study with oxygen-15 labeled water. Psychiatry Research, 1995, 61, 265-283.

Gur RC, Ragland JD, Mozley LH, Mozley PD, Smith R, Alavi A, Bilker W, Gur RE. Lateralized changes in regional cerebral blood flow during performance of verbal and facial recognition tasks: Correlations with performance and"Effort". Brain and Cognition, 1997, 33, 388-414.

Schneider F, Grodd W, Weiss U, Klose U, Mayer KR, Nagele T, Gur RC. Functional MRI reveals left amygdala activation during emotion. Psychiatry Research:Neuroimaging Section, 1997, 76, 75-82.

Gur RC, Turetsky BI, Matsui M, Yan M, Bilker W, Hughett P, Gur RE. Sex differences in brain gray and white matter in healthy young adults. Journal of Neuroscience, 1999, 19, 4065-4072..

Gur RC, Alsop D, Glahn D, Petty R, Swanson CL, Maldjian JA, Turetsky BI, Detre JA, Gee J, Gur RE. An fMRI study of sex differences in regional activation to a verbal and a spatial task. Brain and Language, 2000, 74, 157-170.

Gur RC, Ragland JD,Moberg PJ,Turner TH, Bilker WB, Kohler C, Siegel SJ, Gur RE. Computerized Neurocognitive Scanning: I. Methodology and validation in healthy people. Neuropsychopharmacology, 2001, 25, 766-776.

Gur RC, Gunning-Dixon FM, Turetsky BI, Bilker WB, Gur RE. Brain Region and sex differences in age association with brain volume: A quantitative MRI study of healthy young adults. Am J Geriatric Psychiatry, 2002, 10,72-80.

Gur RC, Schroeder L, Turner T, McGrath C, Chan RM, Turetsky BI, Alsop D, Maldjian J, Gur RE. Brain activation during facial emotion processing. NeuroImage, 2002, 16, 651-662.

Gur RC. Brain maturation and its relevance to understanding criminal culpability of juveniles. Current Psychiatry Reports. 2005, 7, 292-296.

Gur RC, Turetsky BI, Loughead J, Waxman J, Snyder W, Ragland JD, Elliot M, Bilker WB, Arnold SE, Gur RE. Hemodynamic responses in neural circuitries for detection of visual target and novelty: An event-related fMRI study. Human Brain Mapping, in press.

Complete publications