What is the only remaining wonder of the ancient world that is still standing?
The Great Pyramid at Giza
Unlike the list of natural wonders, the seven wonders of the ancient world are man-made structures that serve as a testament to the ingenuity, imagination, and hard work of which human beings are capable. At its inception, the sites were not “wonders” but “theamata” or “things to be seen”. The collection was more like a Greek travel guide’s idea of places not to be missed. The definitive set of wonders is believed to have been finalized during the Middle Ages.
Of the seven, just one remains to this day: the Great Pyramid at Giza. The last wonder of the ancient world in existence was also the first one built. The pyramid was built as a tomb for Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu around 2560 B.C. It took 20 years to construct. When finished, it stood 480 feet high and remained the tallest building in the world for the next four thousand years.
The Great Pyramid at Giza and the others standing with it have stood for four and a half thousand years and counting.
What wonder of the ancient world stood the least amount of time?
The Colossus at Rhodes
The Colossus at Rhodes was an enormous looming 100-foot bronze statue that was built on the island of Rhodes around 280 B.C. It depicts the island’s patron god, Greek sun god Helios.
No drawings of the statue survive but it has been described as an upright figure with face mostly likely modeled after Alexander the Great, holding a torch not unlike the Statue of Liberty.
It was long believed that the statue straddled the harbor entrance with ships passing in and out between its legs. Modern archeologists say this would have not been possible with the bronze casting techniques available at the time.
The statue was destroyed in 226 B.C., after a mere 54 years.
How was the Colossus of Rhodes destroyed?
The Colossus was built between 292 and 280 B.C. and was placed at the entrance to the harbor of the Greek Island of Rhodes. The statue stood 98 feet tall and was erected to honor their patron god, Helios.
Rhodes experienced an earthquake in 224 B.C. that broke the Colossus at the knees and toppled the top portion to the ground. People believed Helios was angered by the statue and did not rebuild it.
Even broken, the pieces were impressive. For the next 900 years, the ruins lay on the ground attracting visitors from all over the world. Few people could wrap their arms around the fallen thumb and each of its fingers was larger than most statues.
In 654 A.D., Arabs conquered Rhodes, transported the remains to Syria, and most likely melted them down and sold them for scrap metal.
What wonder of the ancient world may never have existed at all?
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
The Hanging Gardens were said to have been built ~600 B.C. in the Babylon province of Iraq, south of Bagdad. There is no existing Babylonian text that mentions the gardens and no definitive archeological evidence has been found for them.
According to the legend, King Nebuchadnezzar built the gardens for his wife because she missed the green hills and valleys of her homeland. He built a man-made mountain with lush vegetation and cascading waterfalls. Plants high above the ground on multi-stone terraces gave the appearance of hanging. Stone pillars supported high walkways.
The Hanging Gardens would certainly have been a marvel of engineering and construction, but did they exist?
A researcher at Oxford University says yes! Dr. Stephanie Dalley believes that we had the location wrong. The Hanging Gardens may never have been in Babylon but instead 300 miles to the north outside the city of Nineveh. Ancient texts describe the life of the great Assyrian ruler, Sennacherib, with detailed descriptions of his palace and his garden with trees hanging in air.
The location proposed by Dr. Dalley as the correct site of the Hanging Gardens is near Mosul in Iraq. Because it is at this time the site of continuing violence, it is unsafe for archeological work. The destruction during the current wars and the pillaging over the years may erase any trace of an ancient hanging garden.
Next week's question:
What ancient wonder was built in honor of the Olympic games?