Pool Cool Diffusion Trial
Funded by the National Cancer Institute (NCI), Pool Cool is a sun-safety education program especially designed for use at swimming pools. Its main objective is to increase awareness, motivation, and sun protection practices among children ages 5-10 who take swimming lessons, their parents, aquatics staff, and other pool users. The Pool Cool program has been evaluated in several studies, and the name Pool Cool has been used for multiple research projects.
Geller A, Glanz K, Shigaki D, Isnec MR, Sun T & Maddock J. Impact of skin cancer prevention on outdoor aquatics staff: The Pool Cool program in Hawaii and Massachusetts. Preventive Medicine, 33, 155-161, 2001.
Dissemination and Diffusion
Hall D, McCarty F, Elliott T & Glanz K. Lifeguards' sun protection habits and sunburns: Association with sun-safe environments and skin cancer prevention program participation. Archives of Dermatology, 145(2), 139-144, 2009.
Hall D, Elliott T, Nehl E & Glanz K. Effectiveness of a targeted, peer-driven skin cancer prevention program for lifeguards. International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education, 2, 287 - 297, 2008.
Glanz K, Steffen A, Elliott T & O'Riordan D. Diffusion of an effective skin cancer prevention program: Design, theoretical foundations, and first-year implementation. Health Psychology, 24(5), 477-487, 2005.
Rabin BA, Nehl E, Elliott T, Deshpande AD, Brownson RC, Glanz K. Individual and setting level predictors of the implementation of a skin cancer prevention program: a multilevel analysis. Implementation Science, 5:40, 2010.
Escoffery C, Glanz K, Hall D & Elliott T. A multi-method process evaluation for a skin cancer prevention diffusion trial. Evaluation and the Health Professions. Evaluation Health Professional, 32, 184, 2009.
Hall D, Dubruiel N, Elliott T & Glanz K. Linking agents' activities and communication patterns in a study of the dissemination of an effective skin cancer prevention program. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, 2009.
Glanz K, Isnec MR, Geller A & Spangler K. "Process evaluation of implementation and dissemination of a sun safety program at swimming pools." In Steckler A, Linnan L (Eds.), Process Evaluation in Public Health Interventions (pp. 58-82). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2002.
Methods and Validation
Glanz K, McCarty F, Nehl E, O'Riordan D, Gies P, Bundy L, Locke A & Hall D. Validity of self-reported sunscreen use by parents, children and lifeguards. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 36(1), 63-69, 2009.
O'Riordan DL, Nehl E, Gies P, Bundy L, Burgess K, Davis E & Glanz K. Validity of covering-up sun protection habits: Association of observations and self-report. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 2009.
Glanz K, Yaroch AL, Dancel M, Saraiya M, Crane LA, Buller DB, et al. Measures of sun exposure and sun protection practices for behavioral and epidemiologic research. Archives of Dermatology, 144, 217-222, 2008.
O'Riordan DL, Glanz K, Gies P & Elliott T. A pilot study of the validity of self-reported ultraviolet radiation exposure and sun protection practices among lifeguards, parents and children. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 84(3), 774-778, 2008.
Other Related Publications
Glanz K & Saraiya M. Using evidence-based community and behavioral interventions to prevent skin cancer: Opportunities and challenges for public health practice (Editorial). Preventing Chronic Disease: Public Health Research, Practice, and Policy, 2(2), 2005.
Saraiya M, Glanz K, Briss PA, Nichols P, White C, Das D, et al. Interventions to prevent skin cancer by reducing exposure to ultraviolet radiation - A systematic review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 27, 422-466, 2004.