Department of Psychiatry
Penn Behavioral Health

Center for the Treatment and Study of Anxiety

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Tic Disorders

Chronic Tic Disorder Overview

Individuals with chronic tic disorders including Tourette Syndrome have strong, unwanted urges to repeatedly make sudden, stereotyped movements or sounds. Tics can be brief, meaningless sounds or movements, or more complex, seemingly organized series of actions. Tic frequency may increase due to stress, tiredness, and changes in emotions. Tics may cause substantial life distress or disruption in role functioning, and often co-occur with other problems such as anxiety, depression, and attentional difficulties. Short-term cognitive behavioral therapy for adults, adolescents, and children with chronic tic disorders is offered through the center.

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