- To support the advancement and leadership of women in academic medicine
- To promote education and research in women’s health
References for Women in Academic Medicine
Over the years, FOCUS has compiled a list of "top picks" - the most useful resources for women in academic medicine selected by women in academic medicine, including guest speakers at FOCUS conferences and workshops and prominent Penn medical faculty.
If you would like to submit additional references or useful links, please e-mail Pat Scott with your suggestions.
*References in this bibliography marked with an asterisk may be borrowed upon request from the FOCUS library, Room 917 Blockley Hall.
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Comprehensive List - Alphabetical
Abbuhl S, Bristol MN, Ashfaq H, et al. Examining faculty awards for gender equity and evolving values. J Gen Intern Med. January 2010; 25(1): 57-60.
Adams S. The Dilbert principle: a cubicle's-eye view of bosses, meetings, management fads & other workplace afflictions. New York: HarperBusiness; 1996:336-336. Materials specified: Table of contents http://lcweb.loc.gov/catdir/toc/96000388.html.
Alberti RE, Emmons ML, Joint Author. Your perfect right: a guide to assertive behavior. 2d ed. San Luis Obispo, Ca: Impact; 1974.
Allen D,1945 Dec.28-. Ready for anything : 52 productivity principles for work and life. New York: Viking; 2003:164-164. Materials specified: Sample text http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0719/2003050093-s.html.
Allen D,1945 Dec.28-. Getting things done: the art of stress-free productivity. New York: Viking; 2001:267-267.
Allen J. New Faculty And Graduate Mentor A Guide To Developing Teacher-scholars For Mentors, Faculty, Administrators And Graduate Students. Stylus Pub Llc:; 2007.
Alper BS, Hand JA, Elliott SG, et al. How much effort is needed to keep up with the literature relevant for primary care? J Med Libr Assoc. 2004;92(4):429-437.
Alred GJ, Brusaw CT, Oliu WE. The business writer's handbook. 9th ed. New York: St. Martin's Press; 2009:620-620.
Andrews NC. Climbing through medicine's glass ceiling. N Engl J Med. 2007;357(19):1887-1889.
Argenti PA. Corporate communication. 2nd ed. Boston: Irwin/McGraw-Hill; 1998:258-258. Materials specified: Contributor biographical information http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0707/97036694-b.html.
Aron DC, Lash R, Aucott JN. Attending-physician role models. N Engl J Med. 1999;340(20):1598; author reply 1599.
Ash AS, Carr PL, Goldstein RF,Robert H. Compensation and Advancement of Women in Academic Medicine: Is There Equity?[Miscellaneous]. Ann Intern Med. 2004;141(3):205-212. http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&NEWS=N&PAGE=fulltext&AN=00000605-200408030-00009&D=ovftg.
Ash AS, Carr PL, Goldstein RF,Robert H. Compensation and Advancement of Women in Academic Medicine: Is There Equity? [Miscellaneous]. Ann Intern Med. 2004;141(3):205-212.
*Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC). Report on Medical School Faculty Salaries
https://services.aamc.org/fssreports (please contact FOCUS program for special Penn Medicine only access code if you don't already have AAMC log-on).
Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC). Unconscious Bias in Faculty and Leadership Recruitment: A Literature Review. Analysis in Brief 2009; 9 (2).
Association of American Medical Colleges, Division of Institutional Planning and Development, Association of American Medical Colleges, Division of Medical School Affairs. Women in U.S. academic medicine : statistics. 1994-2005.
Association of American Medical Colleges. The Case for Strategic Talent Management in Academic Medicine. 2011.
*Austin LS. What's holding you back? : 8 critical choices for women's success. 1st ed. New York: Basic Books; 2000:230-230.Materials specified: Publisher description http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0830/00701471-d.html.
AWIS Webinar: Best Practices for Family Friendly Policies. Creating a Family Friendly Department: Chairs and Deans Toolkit. Updated on July 1, 2007. UC Faculty Family Friendly Edge http://ucfamilyedge.berkeley.edu. Prepared by: Karie Frasch, Mary Ann Mason, Angy Stacy, Marc Goulden, Carol Hoffman. Creating%20a%20Family%20Friendly%20Dept%20Chairs%20and%20DeansToolkit
AWIS Webinar: Best Practices for Family Friendly Policies. Effective Policies and Programs for Retention and Advancement of Women in Academia. Work Life Law, 2013; UC Hastings College of the Law. Effective-Policies-and-Programs-for-Retention-and-Advancement-of-Women-in-Academia
Babcock L, Laschever S. Women don't ask. New York: Bantam Dell; 2007.
*Babcock L, Laschever S. Women don't ask: negotiation and the gender divide. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press; 2003:223-223.Materials specified: Publisher description http://www.loc.gov/catdir/description/prin031/2003049842.html.
Babitsky S, Mangraviti J. The successful physician negotiator: how to get what you deserve. Falmouth, Mass: SEAK, Inc; 1998:284-284.
*Bailyn L. Breaking the mold : redesigning work for productive and satisfying lives. 2nd ed., [New ed. ed. Ithaca, N.Y: ILR Press, an imprint of Cornell University Press; 2006:184-184. Materials specified: Table of contents http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip069/2006006526.html.
Bakken LL, Sheridan J, Carnes M. Gender differences among physician-scientists in self-assessed abilities to perform clinical research. Acad Med. 2003;78(12):1281-1286.
Ball P. Achievement index climbs the ranks. Nature. 2007;448(7155):737.
Bargh JA, Chartrand TL. The unbearable automaticity of being. Am Psychol. 1999;54(7):462-479.
Barnett RC, Gareis KC, Carr PL. Career satisfaction and retention of a sample of women physicians who work reduced hours. Journal of Women's Health. 2005;14(2):146-153.
*Barnett RC, Rivers C. Same difference : how gender myths are hurting our relationships, our children, and our jobs. New York: Basic Books; 2004:289-289. Materials specified: Publisher description http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0832/2004002183-d.html.
Bar-On R. Reuven Bar-On - Member Emotional Intelligence Consortium. http://www.eiconsortium.org/members/baron.htm. Published 2009. Updated 2009. Accessed 11/23/2009, 2009.
Bauchner H. Mentoring clinical researchers. Arch Dis Child. 2002;87(1):82-84.
Bell ELJE, Nkomo SM. Our separate ways: black and white women and the struggle for professional identity. Boston: Harvard Business School Press; 2001:339-339.
*Benko C, Weisberg AC. Mass career customization : aligning the workplace with today's nontraditional workforce. Boston, Mass: Harvard Business School Press; 2007:230-230. Materials specified: Table of contents only http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0712/2007009121.html.
Benz EJ,Jr, Clayton CP, Costa ST. Increasing academic internal medicine's investment in female faculty. Am J Med. 1998;105(6):459-463.
Bettger F. How I raised myself from failure to success in selling. 1st Fireside ed. New York: Simon & Schuster; 1992. Materials specified: Sample text http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0641/95237759-s.html.
Bhagia J, Tinsley JA. The mentoring partnership. Mayo Clin Proc. 2000;75(5):535-537.
Bickel J. Women as Health Professionals: Contemporary Issues. In: Post SG, ed. Encyclopedia of Bioethics. 3rd ed. New York: Macmillan Reference USA: Thomson/Gale; 2004:2577-2584.
Bickel J. Looking for mentor replacement therapy? A coach may be the answer. J Am Med Womens Assoc. 2003;58(4):210-211.
Bickel J. Gender equity in undergraduate medical education: a status report. J Womens Health Gend Based Med. 2001;10(3):261-270.
Bickel J. Women in medicine: The work that remains. Journal of Women's Imaging. 2001;3(1):1-2.
*Bickel JW. Women in medicine: getting in, growing, and advancing. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications; 2000:119-119. Materials specified: Table of contents http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0656/99050605-t.html.
Bickel J. Gender stereotypes and misconceptions: unresolved issues in physicians' professional development. JAMA. 1997;277(17):1405, 1407.
Bickel J. Scenarios for success--enhancing women physicians' professional advancement. West J Med. 1995;162(2):165-169.
Bickel J. Women in medical education. A status report. N Engl J Med. 1988;319(24):1579-1584.
Bickel J, Brown AJ. Generation X: implications for faculty recruitment and development in academic health centers. Acad Med. 2005;80(3):205-210.
*Bickel J, Croft K, Marshall R. Enhancing the environment for women in academic medicine : resources and pathways. Washington, D.C: Association of American Medical Colleges; 1996.
Bickel J, Povar G. Women as Health Professionals: Contemporary Issues. In: Reich W, ed. The Encyclopedia of Bioethics. Vol 5. Rev. ed. ed. New York: MacMillan: Simon And Schuster; 1995:2585-2591.
Bickel J, Wara D, Atkinson BF, et al. Increasing Women's Leadership in academic medicine: Report of the AAMC Project Implementation Committee. Academic Medicine. 2002;77(10):1043-1061.
*Bickel JW. Women in medicine : getting in, growing, and advancing. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications; 2000:119-119.
Bickel J. Women in academic medicine. J Am Med Womens Assoc. 2000;55(1):10-2, 19.
Bickel J, Clark V, Marshall R, Association of American Medical Colleges, Division of Institutional Planning and Development. Women in U.S. academic medicine : statistics 1999-2000. Washington, D.C.: Division of Institutional Planning and Development, Association of American Medical Colleges; 1999:29-29.
Bickel J, Clark V, Marshall R, Association of American Medical Colleges, Division of Medical School Affairs. Women in U.S. academic medicine : statistics 2000-2001. Washington, D.C.: Division of Medical School Affairs, Association of American Medical Colleges; 2002.
Bickel J, Croft K, Marshall R, Association of American Medical Colleges, Division of Institutional Planning and Development. Women in U.S. academic medicine : statistics 1998. Washington, D.C.: Division of Institutional Planning and Development, Association of American Medical Colleges; 1998:40-40.
Bickel J, Quinnie R. Building a stronger women's program : enhancing the educational and professional environment. 2nd ed. ed. Washington, D.C: Association of American Medical Colleges; 1993:108-108.
Biernat M, Manis M. Shifting standards and stereotype-based judgments. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1994;66(1):5-20.
Biernat M, Manis M, Nelson TE. Stereotypes and standards of judgment. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1991;60(4):485-499.
Blair IV, Banaji MR. Automatic and controlled processes in stereotype priming. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1996;70(6):1142-1163.
Blake G, Bly RW. The elements of business writing. 1st Collier Books ed. New York : Collier Books ; Toronto; New York: Maxwell Macmillan Canada; Maxwell Macmillan International; 1992:140-140.
*Bland CJ. The research-productive department : strategies from departments that excel. Bolton, Mass: Anker Pub; 2005:287-287.
Boice R. Procrastination, busyness and bingeing. Behav Res Ther. 1989;27(6):605-611.
Boice R. Increasing the writing productivity of "blocked" academicians. Behav Res Ther. 1982;20(3):197-207.
Boice R. Advice for new faculty members: nihil nimus. Boston: Allyn and Bacon; 2000:319-319.
Boice R. The new faculty member: supporting and fostering professional development. 1st ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass; 1992:376-376.
Bolker J. Writing your dissertation in fifteen minutes a day: a guide to starting, revising, and finishing your doctoral thesis. 1st ed. New York: H. Holt; 1998:184-184. Materials specified: Publisher description http://www.loc.gov/catdir/description/hol056/98005262.html.
Boss S. Wedded to Work , and in Dire Need of a Wife. The New York Times. August 11 2007;C; Business/Financial Desk:6.
*Boulis AK, Jacobs JA. The changing face of medicine : women doctors and the evolution of health care in America. Ithaca: ILR Press; 2008:266-266.Materials specified: Table of contents only http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0817/2008019828.html.
Bowles HR, Babcock L, Lai L. Social incentives for gender differences in the propensity to initiate negotiations: Sometimes it does hurt to ask. Organ Behav Hum Decis Process. 2007;103(1):84-103.
Bowles HR, Babcock L, Lai L. Social incentives for gender differences in the propensity to initiate negotiations: Sometimes it does hurt to ask. Organizational Behavior & Human Decision Processes. 2007;103(1):84-103. http://www.cfa.harvard.edu/cfawis/bowles.pdf.
*Bowman MA, Frank E, Allen DI, Bowman MA, Stress and women physicians. Women in medicine : career and life management. 3rd ed. New York: Springer; 2002:187-187. Materials specified: Table of contents only http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0814/2001049253-t.html.
Bramson RM. Coping with difficult people. Anchor Press ed., 1st ed. Garden City, N.Y: Anchor Press/Doubleday; 1981:226-226.
Breger S. Females make up student majority: Women projected to make up 57 percent of all undergrads by 2013, up from 42 percent in 1970. Daily Pennsylvanian. 2005. Available from: http://www.thedp.com/article/2005/03/females_make_up_student_majority. Accessed January 10, 2010.
Bridges W. Creating You & Co.: learn to think like the CEO of your own career. Reading, Mass: Perseus Books; 1998:185-185.
Bristol MN, Abbuhl S, Cappola AR, Sonnad SS. Work-life policies for faculty at the top ten medical schools. Journal of Women's Health. 2008;17(8):1311-1320.
Broscio M, Scherer J. New ways of thinking about career success. J Healthc Manag. 2003;48(1):6-11.
Broscio M, Scherer J. Six steps to creating a personal career-decision framework. J Healthc Manag. 2003;48(6):355-361.
Brown AJ, Swinyard W, Ogle J. Women in academic medicine: A report of focus groups and questionnaires, with conjoint analysis. Journal of Women's Health. 2003;12(10):999-1008.
Brown V, Geis FL. Turning lead into gold: Evaluations of men and women leaders and the alchemy of social consensus. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1984;46(4):811-824.
Buckley LM, Sanders K, Shih M, Kallar S, Hampton C. Obstacles to promotion? Values of women faculty about career success and recognition. Committee on the Status of Women and Minorities, Virginia Commonwealth University, Medical College of Virginia Campus. Acad Med. 2000;75(3):283-288.
Buckley LM, Sanders K, Shih M, Kallar S, Hampton C. Obstacles to promotion? Values of women faculty about career success and recognition. Academic Medicine. 2000;75(3):283-288.
Budden AE, Tregenza T, Aarssen LW, Koricheva J, Leimu R, Lortie CJ. Double-blind review favours increased representation of female authors. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 2008;23(1):4-6.
Bulstrode C, Hunt V. What is mentoring? Lancet. 2000; 356 (9244):1788.
Bunker KA, Wakefield M. Leading with authenticity in times of transition. Greensboro, N.C: Center for Creative Leadership; 2005:102-102.
*Burroughs Wellcome Fund, Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Making the right moves : a practical guide to scientific management for postdocs and new faculty. 2nd ed. Research Triangle Park, N.C; Chevy Chase, Md: Burroughs Wellcome Fund; Howard Hughes Medical Institute; 2006:256-256.
Butler D, Geis FL. Nonverbal affect responses to male and female leaders: Implications for leadership evaluations. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1990;58(1):48-59.
Cain S. Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World That Can't Stop Talking. New York: Crown Publishing Group, a division of Random House, Inc.; 2012.
Cantor DW, Bernay T, Stoess J. Women in power: the secrets of leadership. Boston: Houghton Mifflin; 1992:316-316.
Capek LMD, Edwards DEPD, Mackinnon SEMD. Plastic Surgeons: A Gender Comparison. Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery. 1997;99(2):289-299.
Carey RM, Hostler SL, University of Virginia. School of Medicine. Committee on Women. The first report on the status of women at the School of Medicine, Health Sciences Center, University of Virginia. ; 1990:451-451.
Carnes M. Gender: macho language and other deterrents. Nature. 2006;442(7105):868.
Carnes M, Bland C. Viewpoint: A challenge to academic health centers and the National Institutes of Health to prevent unintended gender bias in the selection of clinical and translational science award leaders. Acad Med. 2007;82(2):202-206.
Carr PL, Ash AS, Friedman RH, et al. Relation of family responsibilities and gender to the productivity and career satisfaction of medical faculty. Ann Intern Med. 1998;129(7):532-538.
Carr PL, Friedman RH, Moskowitz MA, Kazis LE. Comparing the status of women and men in academic medicine. Ann Intern Med. 1993;119(9):908-913.
Carr PL, Gareis KC, Barnett RC. Characteristics and outcomes for women physicians who work reduced hours. Journal of Women's Health. 2003;12(4):399-405.
Carr PL, Szalacha L, Barnett R, Caswell C, Inui T. A "ton of feathers": gender discrimination in academic medical careers and how to manage it. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2003;12(10):1009-1018.
*Carr PL, Bickel JW, Inui TS, Boston University School of Medicine. Taking root in a forest clearing : a resource guide for medical faculty. Boston: Boston University School of Medicine; 2003.
Carr PL, Freund KM, Somani S. The Medical care of women. Philadelphia, Penn: Saunders; 1995:846-846.
*Cartwright T, Center for Creative Leadership. Setting priorities : personal values, organizational results. Greensboro, N.C: Center For Creative Leadership; 2007:30-30. Materials specified: Publisher description http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0901/2008300062-d.html.
*Ceci SJ, Williams WM. Why aren't more women in science? : top researchers debate the evidence. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association; 2007:254-254. Materials specified: Table of contents only http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0619/2006025963.html.
Chapman J, Chapman J, How to make $1,000 a minute. Negotiating your salary : how to make $1,000 a minute. 3rd ed. Berkeley, Calif: Ten Speed Press; 1996:130-130.
Childre DL, Rozman D. Overcoming emotional chaos: eliminate anxiety, lift depression, and create security in your life. San Diego, Calif: Jodere Group; 2002:303-303.
*Chin EL. This side of doctoring : reflections from women in medicine. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications; 2002:394-394. Materials specified: Contributor biographical information http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0734/2001005795-b.html.
Chödrön P, Simon T. The places that scare you [a guide to fearlessness in difficult times]. . 2001;4 sound cassettes: analog, Dolby processed.
Cialdini RB. Influence: The psychology of persuasion. rev. ed. ed. New York: William Morrow; 1998:336.
Clack GB, Head JO. Gender differences in medical graduates' assessment of their personal attributes. Med Educ. 1999;33(2):101-105. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=keh&AN=5814089&site=ehost-live.
Cohany SR, Sok E. Trends in labor force participation of married mothers of infants. Monthly Labor Review. 2007;130(2):9-16. http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2007/02/art2full.pdf.
Colletti LM, Mulholland MW, Sonnad SS. Perceived obstacles to career success for women in academic surgery. Archives of Surgery. 2000;135(8):972-977.
Committee on Maximizing the Potential of Women in Academic Science and Engineering (U.S.), Committee on Science, Engineering,and Public Policy (U.S.), National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Beyond bias and barriers : fulfilling the potential of women in academic science and engineering. Washington, D.C: National Academies Press; 2007:317-317. Materials specified: Table of contents only http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip074/2006036337.html http://books.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11741.
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Covey SR. The seven habits of highly effective people: restoring the character ethic. New York: Simon and Schuster; 1989:340-340. Materials specified: Table of contents only http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0705/89030464-t.html.
Covey SR, Merrill AR, Merrill RR. First things first: to live, to love, to learn, to leave a legacy. New York: Simon & Schuster; 1994:360-360.
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Damasio AR. The feeling of what happens : body and emotion in the making of consciousness. 1st ed. New York: Harcourt Brace; 1999:386-386. Materials specified: Table of Contents http://lcweb.loc.gov/catdir/toc/99026357.html.
Damasio AR. Descartes' error: emotion, reason, and the human brain. New York: Putnam; 1994:312-312.
Dandar VM, Lautenberger DM, Steinecke A. Promising practices for promoting faculty engagement and retention at U.S. medical schools. Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC: 2013. (direct link to report)
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Eisenberg R, Kelly K. The overwhelmed person's guide to time management. New York: Plume; 1997.
Eisenhardt K, Kahwajy L, Bourgeois LJ. How management teams can have a good fight. Harvard Business Review; July-August 1997:77-85.
Elbow P. Writing with power: techniques for mastering the writing process. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998:384-384. Materials specified: Contributor biographical information http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0724/97045556-b.html.
Elgin SH. Genderspeak: men, women, and the gentle art of verbal self-defense. New York: J. Wiley; 1993:307-307. Materials specified: Table of Contents http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/onix05/92037933.html.
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Etzkowitz H, Kemelgor C, Uzzi B. Athena unbound : the advancement of women in science and technology. Cambridge ; New York: Cambridge University Press; 2000. http://assets.cambridge.org/97805215/63802/frontmatter/9780521563802_frontmatter.pdf.
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Evans G. She wins, you win : the most important rule every businesswoman needs to know. New York: Gotham Books; 2003:190-190. Materials specified: Sample text http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0720/2002043093-s.html.
*Evans G. Play like a man, win like a woman: what men know about success that women need to learn. 1st ed. New York: Broadway Books; 2000. Materials specified: Publisher description http://www.loc.gov/catdir/description/random043/99462238.html.
Febbraro GA, Clum GA. Meta-analytic investigation of the effectiveness of self-regulatory components in the treatment of adult problem behaviors. Clin Psychol Rev. 1998;18(2):143-161.
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Finch SJ. Pregnancy during residency: a literature review. Acad Med. 2003;78(4):418-428.
Finkelstein E. PowerPoint 2000 professional results. Berkeley: Osborne/McGraw-Hill; 1999:480-480.
Fiore NA. The now habit : a strategic program for overcoming procrastination and enjoying guilt-free play. 1st ed. Los Angeles; New York: J.P. Tarcher; Distributed by St. Martin's Press; 1989:201-201.
Fischer AB, Northey ME. Impact, a guide to business communication. Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice Hall; 1993:247-247.
Fisher AB. If my career's on the fast track, where do I get a road map?: surviving and thriving in the real world of work. 1st ed. New York, NY: W. Morrow; 2001:272-272.
Fisher R, Sharp A, Richardson J. Getting it done : how to lead when you're not in charge. 1st HarperPerennial ed. New York: HarperPerennial; 1999:219-219.
Fisher R, Ertel D. Getting ready to negotiate: the getting to yes workbook. New York, N.Y: Penguin Books; 1995.
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