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FOCUS-Related Publications

FOCUS-Related Publications

Other Publications & News of Interest

Other Publications and News of Interest

Inequities in Academic Compensation by Gender: A Follow-up to the National Faculty Survey Cohort Study (Karen M. Freund MD MPH et al, Academic Medicine- Research Report. First published online doi: 10.10971ACM.0000000000001250, Academic Medicine, Vol. 91, No.8 / August 2016.)
Women have entered academic medicine in significant numbers for 4 decades and now comprise 20% of full-time faculty. Despite this, women have not reached senior positions in parity with men. Cross-sectional studies have demonstrated gender differences in salaries within academic medicine. No research has assessed longitudinal compensation patterns. This study sought to assess longitudinal patterns by gender in compensation, and to understand factors associated with these differences in a longitudinal cohort.

Sex Differences in Physician Salary in US Public Medical Schools (Anupam B. Jena, Andrew R. Olenski, Daniel M. Blumenthal, JAMA Internal Medicine- Original Investigation. Published online July 11, 2016 doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.3284)
Limited evidence exists on salary differences between male and female academic physicians, largely owing to difficulty obtaining data on salary and factors influencing salary. Existing studies have been limited by reliance on survey-based approaches to measuring sex differences in earnings, lack of contemporary data, small sample sizes, or limited geographic representation. Among physicians with faculty appointments at 24 US public medical schools, significant sex differences in salary exist even after accounting for age, experience, specialty, faculty rank, and measures of research productivity and clinical revenue.

-- It Is Time for Equal Pay for Equal Work for Physicians—Paging Dr Ledbetter (Vineet M. Arora, JAMA Internal Medicine- Invited Commentary, July 11, 2016- doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.3289)

-- Dr. Paid Less: An Old Title Still Fits Female Physicians (Catherine Saint Louis, The New York Times- Health Section, July 11, 2016)

Why do Women Choose or Reject Careers in Academic Medicine? A narrative review of empirical evidence (Laurel D. Edmunds et al., The Lancet - Review article. Published online April 19, 2016
A review of empirical evidence from fifty-two studies published between 1985 and 2015 to explore the reasons for women's choice or rejection of careers in academic medicine. While there was consistent evidence for four of eight main themes, substantial gaps in the scientific literature across studies suggest significant opportunities to overcome barriers by providing a more conducive environment.

Gender Equality in Science Will Require a Culture Shift (Claire Pomeroy, Scientific American - Article in " The Sciences" section, January 1, 2016)
To support women in science, we must reckon with a culture of unconscious bias. The problem is not only outright sexual harassment—it is a culture of exclusion and unconscious bias that leaves many women feeling demoralized, marginalized and unsure.

Plenty of Moustaches but not Enough Women: Cross Sectional Study of Medical Leaders (Mackenzie R. Wehner et al., The BMJ, December 2015)

    -- Mustaches Outnumber Women Among Medical-School Leaders (Steve Kolowich, The Chronicle of Higher Education, December 17, 2015)
    In an effort to highlight the glass ceiling in medical education, a team of researchers looked at photographs of 1,018 department heads at the 50 medical schools receiving the most research funding from the National Institutes of Health. They counted 137 women and 190 mustaches. Mustaches outnumbered women in almost every specialty.