Publications & Articles of Interest

 

FOCUS-Related Publications Recent Publications & News of Interest Miscellaneous Bibliography of Resources

 

FOCUS-Related Publications

FOCUS-Related Publications

Other Publications & News of Interest

Other Publications and News of Interest

Comparison of Hospital Mortality and Readmission Rates for Medicare Patients Treated by Male vs Female Physicians (Yusuke Tsugawa MD MPH PhD, Anupam B. Jena MD PhD, Jose F. Figueroa MD MPH, et al, JAMA Internal Medicine - Original Investigation. Published online December 19, 2016. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.7875.)
Elderly hospitalized patients treated by female internists have lower mortality and readmissions compared with those cared for by male internists. These findings suggest that the differences in practice patterns between male and female physicians, as suggested in previous studies, may have important clinical implications for patient outcomes.

Why Do Women Choose or Reject Careers in Academic Medicine? A Narrative Review of Empirical Evidence (Laurel E. Edmunds PhD, Pavel V. Ovseiko PhD, Sasha Shepperd PhD, et al, Lancet- Review. Published online April 19, 2016, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/
S0140-6736(15)01091-0. In print, December 10, 2016, vol 388, 2948-58)
We reviewed the empirical evidence focusing on the reasons for women’s choice or rejection of careers in academic medicine. Using a systematic search, we identified 52 studies published between 1985, and 2015. More than half had methodological limitations and most were from North America. Eight main themes were explored in these studies. There was consistent evidence for four of these themes: women are interested in teaching more than in research; participation in research can encourage women into academic medicine; women lack adequate mentors and role models; and women experience gender discrimination and bias. The evidence was conflicting on four themes: women are less interested in research than men; women lose commitment to research as their education and training progress; women are deterred from academic careers by financial considerations; and women are deterred by concerns about work–life balance.

Controlled Interventions to Reduce Burnout in Physicians: A Systemic Review and Meta-analysis (Maria Panagioti PhD, Efharis Panagopoulou PhD, Peter Bower PhD, et al, JAMA Internal Medicine - Original Investigation. Published online December 5, 2016, doi:10.1001/jamainternalmed.2016.7674)
Burnout is prevalent in physicians and can have a negative influence on performance, career continuation, and patient care. Existing evidence does not allow clear recommendations for the management of burnout in physicians.To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to reduce burnout in physicians and whether different types of interventions (physician-directed or organization-directed
interventions), physician characteristics (length of experience), and health care setting characteristics (primary or secondary care) were associated with improved effects.

-- Physician Work Environment and Well-being: A Call for Papers (Lara Goitein MD, Patrick G. O'Malley MD MPH, and Rita F. Redberg MD MSc, JAMA Internal Medicine - Editorial. Published online December 5, 2016, doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.7688)

Inequities in Academic Compensation by Gender: A Follow-up to the National Faculty Survey Cohort Study (Karen M. Freund MD MPH et al, Academic Medicine - Research Report. First published online doi: 10.10971ACM.0000000000001250, Academic Medicine, Vol. 91, No.8 / August 2016.)
Women have entered academic medicine in significant numbers for 4 decades and now comprise 20% of full-time faculty. Despite this, women have not reached senior positions in parity with men. Cross-sectional studies have demonstrated gender differences in salaries within academic medicine. No research has assessed longitudinal compensation patterns. This study sought to assess longitudinal patterns by gender in compensation, and to understand factors associated with these differences in a longitudinal cohort.

Sex Differences in Physician Salary in US Public Medical Schools (Anupam B. Jena, Andrew R. Olenski, Daniel M. Blumenthal, JAMA Internal Medicine- Original Investigation. Published online July 11, 2016 doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.3284)
Limited evidence exists on salary differences between male and female academic physicians, largely owing to difficulty obtaining data on salary and factors influencing salary. Existing studies have been limited by reliance on survey-based approaches to measuring sex differences in earnings, lack of contemporary data, small sample sizes, or limited geographic representation. Among physicians with faculty appointments at 24 US public medical schools, significant sex differences in salary exist even after accounting for age, experience, specialty, faculty rank, and measures of research productivity and clinical revenue.

-- It Is Time for Equal Pay for Equal Work for Physicians—Paging Dr Ledbetter (Vineet M. Arora, JAMA Internal Medicine- Invited Commentary, July 11, 2016- doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.3289)

-- Dr. Paid Less: An Old Title Still Fits Female Physicians (Catherine Saint Louis, The New York Times- Health Section, July 11, 2016)