Bipolar Disorder, previously referred to as Manic Depression, is a mood disorder in which one's mood swings between manic and mixed episodes and poses the possibility of moving into a major depressive episode. There are different forms of Bipolar Disorder, though they are similar in nature. In severe cases, those who suffer from Bipolar I may have to be hospitalized. Bipolar II is similar to Bipolar I, but has a less severe state of mania. Symptoms of both include:
- Mood swings, often from depressed and sad to very happy and energetic or manic
- Racing thoughts
- Abnormally risky behavior
- Extra energy or decreased need for sleep
- Inflated self-esteem or feelings of grandiosity
The age of onset is usually around twenty years of age for both men and women, though this is not always the case. There is a possibility of symptoms gradually diminishing with age.