Pool Cool


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Research Publication

The following is a list of POOL COOL research publications. For more sun-safety research and information, please visit our links page.

Efficacy Trial

Glanz, K., Geller, A.C., Shigaki, D., Maddock, J.E., & Isnec, M.R. (2002). A randomized trial of skin cancer prevention in aquatic settings: The Pool Cool program. Health Psychology, 21, 579-587. (PDF)

Geller, A., Glanz, K., Shigaki, D., Isnec, M.R., Sun, T., & Maddock, J. (2001). Impact of skin cancer prevention on outdoor aquatics staff: The Pool Cool program in Hawaii and Massachusetts. Preventive Medicine, 33, 155-161. (PDF)

Dissemination and Diffusion

Glanz, K., Steffen, A., Elliott, T., & O’Riordan, D. (2005). Diffusion of an effective skin cancer prevention program: Design, theoretical foundations, and first-year implementation. Health Psychology, 24(5), 477-487. (PDF)

Hall, D., McCarty, F., Elliott, T., & Glanz, K. (2009). Lifeguards’ sun protection habits and sunburns: Association with sun-safe environments and skin cancer prevention program participation. Archives of Dermatology, 145(2), 139-144. (PDF)

Hall, D., Elliott, T., Nehl, E., & Glanz, K. (2008). Effectiveness of a targeted, peer-driven skin cancer prevention program for lifeguards. International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education, 2, 287 – 297. (PDF)

Process Evaluation

Glanz, K., Isnec, M.R., Geller, A., & Spangler, K. (2002). “Process evaluation of implementation and dissemination of a sun safety program at swimming pools.” In Steckler A, Linnan L (Eds.), Process Evaluation in Public Health Interventions (pp. 58-82). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.(PDF)

Escoffery, C., Glanz, K., & Elliott, T. (2008). Process evaluation of the Pool Cool Diffusion Trial for skin cancer prevention across 2 years. Health Education Research, 23(4), 732-743. (PDF)

Elliott, T., Glanz, K., & Nehl, E. (2009). Characteristics of swimming pools with high rates of objectively measured sunscreen use. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 60, 684-688. (PDF)

Hall, D., Dubruiel, N., Elliott, T., & Glanz, K. (in press as of November 2008). Linking agents’ activities and communication patterns in a study of the dissemination of an effective skin cancer prevention program. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice. (PDF)

Escoffery, C. Glanz, K., Hall, D., & Elliott, T. (2009). A multi-method process evaluation for a skin cancer prevention diffusion trial. Evaluation and the Health Professions. Evaluation Health Professional, 32, 184. (PDF)

Methods and Validation

O’Riordan, D.L., Lunde, K.B., Urschitz, J., & Glanz, K. (2005). A noninvasive objective measure of sunscreen use and reapplication. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, 14(3), 722-726 (PDF).

Glanz, K. & Mayer, J. (2005). Reducing ultraviolet radiation exposure to prevent skin cancer. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 29(2),131-142. (PDF)

Glanz, K., Yaroch, A.L., Dancel, M., Saraiya, M., Crane, L.A., Buller, D.B., et al. (2008). Measures of sun exposure and sun protection practices for behavioral and epidemiologic research. Archives of Dermatology, 144, 217-222. (PDF)

O'Riordan, D.L., Glanz, K., Gies, P., & Elliott, T. (2008). A pilot study of the validity of self-reported ultraviolet radiation exposure and sun protection practices among lifeguards, parents and children. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 84(3), 774-778. (PDF)

Glanz, K., McCarty, F., Nehl, E., O’Riordan, D., Gies, P., Bundy, L., Locke, A., & Hall, D. (2009). Validity of self-reported sunscreen use by parents, children and lifeguards. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 36(1), 63-69. (PDF)

O’Riordan, D.L., Nehl, E., Gies, P., Bundy, L., Burgess, K., Davis, E., & Glanz, K. (in press as of December 2008). Validity of covering-up sun protection habits: Association of observations and self-report. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. (PDF)

Elliott, T., Nehl, E., & Glanz, K. (2009). A controlled trial of objective measures of sunscreen and moisturizing lotion. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, 18(5), May 2009. (PDF)

Other Related Publications

Saraiya, M., Glanz, K., Briss, P.A., Nichols, P., White, C., Das, D. et al. (2004). Interventions to prevent skin cancer by reducing exposure to ultraviolet radiation – A systematic review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 27, 422-466. (PDF)

Glanz, K. & Saraiya, M. (2005). Using evidence-based community and behavioral interventions to prevent skin cancer: Opportunities and challenges for public health practice (Editorial). Preventing Chronic Disease: Public Health Research, Practice, and Policy, 2(2). (PDF)

Glanz, K., Halpern, A.C., & Saraiya, M. (2006). Behavioral and community interventions to prevent skin cancer. Archives of Dermatology, 142, 356-360. (PDF)

Glanz, K., Buller, D.B., & Saraiya, M. (2007). Reducing ultraviolet radiation exposure among outdoor workers: State of the evidence and recommendations. Environmental Health, 6(22). (PDF)