Department of Psychiatry
Penn Behavioral Health

Center for the Prevention of Suicide

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Publications

Recently Published

Cognitive Therapy with Suicidal Patients
 

Cognitive Therapy with Suicidal Patients: Scientific and Clinical Applications
Amy Wenzel, Ph.D.; Gregory K. Brown, Ph.D.; and Aaron T. Beck, M.D.

 

 

 



The following publications written by our faculty may be useful for researchers and clinicians interested in suicide prevention and treatment.

Beck, A. T. (1986). Hopelessness as a predictor of eventual suicide. In J. J. Mann & M. Stanley (Eds.), Psychology and suicidal behavior: Vol. 487. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (pp. 90-96).

Beck, A. T. (1977). Depression and suicide: Contemporary approaches to research and treatment. In J. P. Brady, J. Mendels, M. T. Orne, & W. Rieger (Eds.), Psychiatry: Areas of promise and advancement (pp. 171-178). New York: Spectrum.

Beck, A.T., Beck, R., & Kovacs, M. (1975). Classification of suicidal behaviors: I. Quantifying intent and medical lethality. American Journal of Psychiatry, 132, 285-287.

Beck, A. T., Brown, G., Berchick, R. J., Stewart, B. L., & Steer, R. A. (1990). Relationship between hopelessness and ultimate suicide: A replication with psychiatric outpatients. American Journal of Psychiatry, 147, 190-195.

Beck, A. T., Brown, G., & Steer, R. A. (1989). Prediction of eventual suicide in psychiatric inpatients by clinical rating of hopelessness. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57, 309-310.

Beck, A. T., Brown, G., Steer, R. A., Dahlsgaard, K.K., & Grisham, J. R. (1999). Suicide ideation at its worst point: A predictor of eventual suicide in psychiadric outpatients. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 29, 1-9.

Beck, A. T., Brown, G. K., & Steer, R. A. (1997). Psychometric characteristics of the Scale for Suicidal Ideation with psychiatric outpatients. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35, 1039-1046

Beck, A. T., Davis, J. H., Frederick, C. J., Perlin, S., Pokorny, A. D., Schulman, R. E., Seiden, R. H., & Wittlin, B. J. (1972). Classification and nomenclature. In H. L. P. Resnik, & B. C. Hathorne (Eds.), Suicide prevention in the seventies (pp. 7-12). Washington: Government Printing Office.

Beck, A. T., & Lester, D. (1976). Components of suicidal intent in completed and attempted suicides. Journal of Psychology, 92 , 35-38.

Beck, A. T., & Lester, D. (1975). Suicide and national holidays. Psychological Reports, 36, 52.

Beck, A. T., & Lester, D. (1973). Attempted suicide and month of birth. Psychological Reports, 33 , 506.

Beck, A. T., & Ludgate, J. W. (1988). Recognizing the suicidal patient [Review of the book Suicide risk: The formulation of clinical judgment]. Contemporary Psychology, 33, 158-159.

Beck, A. T., Resnik, H. L. P., & Lettieri, D. J. (Eds.) (1974). The Prediction of suicide. Bowie, MD: Charles Press.

Beck, A. T., & Rush, A. J. (1978). Cognitive approaches to depression and suicide. In G. Serban (Ed.), Cognitive defects in the development of mental illness (pp. 235-257) (published under the auspices of the Kittay Scientific Foundation). New York: Bruner/Mazel.

Beck, A. T., Schuyler, D., & Herman, I. (1974). Development of suicidal intent scales. In A. T. Beck, H. L. P. Resnik, & D. J. Lettieri (Eds.), The Prediction of Suicide (pp. 45-56). Bowie, MD: Charles Press.

Beck, A. T., & Steer, R. A. (1990). A reply to Tomasson: Hopelessness as a predictor of suicide [Letter to the Editor]. American Journal of Psychiatry, 147(11), 1577-1578.

Beck, A. T., & Steer, R. A. (1989). Clinical predictors of eventual suicide: A five to ten year prospective study of suicide attempters. Journal of Affective Disorders, 17, 203-209.

Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., Kovacs, M., & Garrison, B. (1985). Hopelessness and eventual suicide: A 10-year prospective study of patients hospitalized with suicidal ideation. American Journal of Psychiatry, 142, 559-563.

Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & McElroy, M. G. (1982). Relationships of hopelessness, depression and previous suicide attempts to suicidal ideation in alcoholics. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 43, 1042-1046.

Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Ranieri, W. F. (1988). Scale for Suicide Ideation: Psychometric properties of a self-report version. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 44, 499-505.

Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Trexler, L. D. (1989). Alcohol abuse and eventual suicide: A five to ten year prospective study of alcohol abusing suicide attempters. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 50, 202-209.

Beck, A. T., & Weishaar, M. E. (1990). Suicide risk assessment and prediction. Crisis, 11, 22-30.

Beck, A. T., Weissman, A., Lester, D., & Trexler, L. (1976). Classification of suicidal behaviors, II: Dimensions of suicidal intent. Archives of General Psychiatry, 33 , 835-837.

Bedrosian, R. C., & Beck, A. T. (1979). Cognitive aspects of suicidal behavior. Suicide and Life-threatening Behavior, 9, 87-96.

Bedrosian, R. C., & Beck, A. T. (1978). Premature conclusions regarding black and white suicide attempters: A reply to Steele. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 46, 1498-1499

Berk, M.S., Henriques, G.R., Warman, D., Brown, G.K., & Beck, A.T. (2004). Cognitive therapy for suicide attempters: Overview of the treatment and case examples. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 11, 265-277.

Brown, G. K., Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Grisham, J. R. (2000). Risk factors for suicide in psychiatric outpatients: A 20-year prospective study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,68, 371-377.

Brown, G.K., Ten Harve, T., Henriques, G.R., Xie, S.R., Hollander, J.E., & Beck, A.T. (2005). Cognitive therapy for the prevention of suicide attempts: A randomized control trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 294, 563-570.

Dahlsgaard, K. K., Beck, A. T., & Brown, G. K. (1998). Inadequate response to therapy as a predictor of suicide. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behaviors, 28, 197-204.

Emery, G., Steer, R. A., & Beck, A. T. (1979). Suicidal behavior among heroin addicts: A brief report. Psychological Reports, 44 , 237-238.

Forman, E. M., Berk, M S., Henriques, G. R., Brown, G. K., & Beck, A. T. (2004). History of multiple suicide attempts as a behavioral marker of severe psychopathology. American Journal of Psychiatry, 161, 437-443.

Henriques, G.R., Beck, A.T., & Brown, G.K (2003). Cognitive therapy for adolescent and young adult suicide attempters. American Behavioral Scientist, 46, 1258-1268.

Henriques, G. R., Brown, G. K., Berk, M.S., & Beck, A. T. (2004). Marked increases in psychopathology found in a 30-year cohort comparison of suicide attempters. Psychological Medicine, 34, 833-841.

Hollon, S. D., Weishaar, M. E., & Beck, A. T. (2001). Hopelessness and suicide: A cognitive perspective. In D. C. Clark, J. Fawcett, & S. D. Hollon (Eds.) Therapies for suicidal behavior. Washington D.C.: American Psychiatric Press.

Jeglic, E.L., Sharp, I.R., Chapman, J.E., Brown, G.K., & Beck, A.T. (2005). History of family suicide behaviors and negative problem solving in multiple suicide attempters. Archives of Suicide Research, 9, 135-146.

Joiner, T., Steer, R., Brown, G., Beck, A.T., Pettit, J.W., & Rudd, M.D. (2003). Worst- point suicidal plans: A dimension of suicidality predictive of past suicide attempts and eventual death by suicide. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41, 1469-1480.

Kovacs, M., & Beck, A. T. (1977). The wish to die and the wish to live in attempted suicides. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 33(2), 361-365.

Kovacs, M., Beck, A. T., & Weissman, A. (1975). Hopelessness: An indicator of suicidal risk. Suicide, 5, 98-103.

Kovacs, M., Beck, A. T., & Weissman, A. (1976). The communication of suicidal intent: A reexamination. Archives of General Psychiatry, 33 , 198-201.

Kovacs, M., Beck, A. T., & Weissman, A. (1975). The use of suicidal motives in the psychotherapy of attempted suicides. American Journal of Psychotherapy , 19, 363-368.

Lester, D., & Beck, A. T. (1980). What the suicide's choice of method signifies. Omega - Journal of Death and Dying, 11, 271-277.

Lester, D., & Beck, A. T. (1977). Suicidal wishes and depression in suicidal ideators: A comparison with attempted suicides. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 33, 92-94.

Lester, D., & Beck, A. T. (1976). Completed suicides and their previous attempts. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 32, 553-555.

Lester, D., & Beck, A. T. (1976). Early loss as a possible "sensitizer" to later loss in attempted suicides. Psychological Reports, 39 , 121-122.

Lester, D., & Beck, A. T. (1976). Suicidal behavior in neurotics and psychotics. Psychological Reports, 39 , 549-550.

Lester, D., & Beck, A. T. (1975). Attempted suicide: Correlates of increasing medical lethality. Psychological Reports, 37 , 1236-1238.

Lester, D., & Beck, A. T. (1975). Attempted suicide in alcoholics and drug addicts. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 36, 162-164.

Lester, D., & Beck, A. T. (1975). Suicidal intent, medical lethality of the suicide attempt, and components of depression. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 31, 11-12.

Lester, D., & Beck, A. T. (1974). Age differences in patterns of attempted suicide . Omega - Journal of Death and Dying, 5, 317-322.

Lester, D., & Beck, A. T. (1974). Attempted suicide and religion. Psychology, 11 , 32-34.

Lester, D., & Beck, A. T. (1974). Suicide in the spring: A test of Durkheim's explanation. Psychological Reports, 35, 893-894.

Lester, D., Beck, A. T., & Bruno, S. (1976). Correlates of choice of method for completed suicide. Psychology, 13 , 70-73.

Lester, D., Beck, A. T., & Mitchell, B. (1979). Extrapolation from attempted suicides to completed suicides: A test. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 88, 78-80.

Lester, D., Beck, A. T., & Trexler, L. (1975). Extrapolation from attempted suicide to completed suicides. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 84, 563-566.

Lester, D., & Beck, A. T. (1988). Attempted suicide and pregnancy. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 158, 1084-1085.

Minkoff, K., Bergman, E., Beck, A. T., & Beck, R. (1973). Hopelessness, depression and attempted suicide. American Journal of Psychiatry, 130, 455-459.

Morris, J. B., Kovacs, M., Beck, A. T., & Wolffe, A. (1974). Notes toward an epidemiology of urban suicide. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 15 , 537-547.

Pinninti, N., Steer, R.A., Rissmiller, D.J., Nelson, S., & Beck, A.T. (2002). Use of the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation with psychiatric inpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia, schizoaffective, or bipolar disorders. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 1071-1079.

Ranieri, W. F., Steer, R. A., Lavrence, T. I., Rissmiller, D. J., Piper, G. E., & Beck, A. T. (1987). Relationships of depression, hopelessness, and dysfunctional attitudes to suicide ideation in psychiatric patients. Psychological Reports, 61 , 967-975.

Rush, A. J., & Beck, A. T. (1978). Cognitive therapy of depression and suicide. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 32, 201-219.

Schuyler, D., & Beck, A. T. (1972). The assessment of suicidal intent. In R.E. Litman (Ed.), Proceedings of the 6th International Conference for Suicide Prevention, Mexico DF, Mexico, December 5-8, 1972 (pp. 266-273). Ann Arbor: Edwards Bros.

Silver, M. A., Bohnert, M., Beck, A. T., & Marcus, D. (1971). Relation of depression to attempted suicide and seriousness of intent. Archives of General Psychiatry, 25 , 573-576.

Steer, R. A., Beck, A. T., Garrison, B., & Lester, D. (1988). Eventual suicide in interrupted and uninterrupted attempters: A challenge to the cry for help hypothesis. Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior, 18, 119-128.

Warman, D., Forman, E., Henriques, G. R., Brown, G. K., Beck, A. T. (2004). Suicidality and Psychosis: Beyond Depression and Hopelessness. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 34, 77-86.

Weishaar, M., & Beck, A. T. (2003). En Presence D’Un Individu Suicidaire, Comment le Therapeute Peut-Il Intervenir? Revue Quebecoise de Psycholgie, 24, 109-123.

Weishaar, M. E. & Beck, A. T. (1992). Clinical and cognitive predictors of suicide. In R.W. Maris, A.L. Berman, J.T. Maltsberger, & R.I. Yufit (Eds.), Assessment and prediction of suicide (pp. 467-483). New York: Guilford Press.

Weishaar, M. E. & Beck, A. T. (1992). Hopelessness and suicide. International Review of Psychiatry, 4, 185-192.

Weissman, A., Beck, A. T., & Kovacs, M. (1979). Drug abuse, hopelessness and suicidal behavior. International Journal of the Addictions, 14, 451-464.

Wetzler, S., Sanderson, W. C., Velting, D. M., & Beck, A. T. (1997). Comorbidity and suicidality. In S. Wetzler, & W. C. Sanderson (Eds.), Comorbidity and suicidality in treatment strategies for patients with psychiatric comorbidity (pp. 295-306).