The University of Pennsylvania Medical School was founded in 1765 as the nation's first school of medicine. The Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania (HUP) founded in 1874 is the first university-based hospital. The current hospital facility consists of 701 patient beds located in the Dulles Building, Founders Pavilion, Gates Building, Maloney Building, Ravdin Building, Silverstein Pavilion, White Building and the Rhoads Building. The University of Pennsylvania has become an internationally renowned medical center with established expertise in almost every medical specialty. A major emphasis has been on cancer research as well as the clinical care of the cancer patient. Facilities for hospitalized oncology patients include a 21-bed medical oncology in-patient unit, a 15-bed surgical oncology in-patient unit and a 25-bed gynecologic oncology unit.
The University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center was founded in 1973 and is one of 39 comprehensive cancer centers in the United States as designated by the National Cancer Institute. The purpose of the cancer center is to conduct basic and clinical research, undergraduate and postgraduate training, and to develop new and innovative treatment programs. The programs are interdisciplinary. There are currently 166 members of the cancer center with representatives from the School of Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, Dental Medicine, Engineering, Nursing, Wharton School, and faculty of the School Art and Sciences. There are two major divisions for the center's research (fundamental and clinical) as well as programs in epidemiology and psychosocial research.
The Veterans Administration (VA) Hospital of Philadelphia is a 440-bed general medical and surgical hospital located on the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center campus. Medical students, interns, and residents rotate through the VA Hospital. Certain subspecialties are the responsibility of the Allegheny Medical College of Pennsylvania, however, Hematology, Oncology, Radiation Oncology, Surgery and the surgical subspecialties are the responsibility of their parent departments at HUP.
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), founded in 1855, is the oldest pediatric hospital in the United States. It currently is a 259-bed facility adjacent to the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania. Radiation oncology is provided by HUP's Department of Radiation Oncology.
The Presbyterian Hospital was founded in 1871 and in 1965 became the Presbyterian-University of Pennsylvania Medical Center. It is a 324-bed facility. HUP's Department of Radiation Oncology provides radiation therapy for Presbyterian Hospital.
Pennsylvania Hospital is a 433-bed hospital about 2 miles from the University of Pennsylvania. It was established in 1751 and was the first hospital in the United States. It has a separate radiation oncology department, where residents may receive special brachytherapy training.