The proposal for an International Compact for Infectious Diseases calls for the creation of an international compact among States. The foundation of the compact is a four-part framework calling for:
1) Establishment, maintenance and monitoring of international standards for surveillance and reporting of infectious diseases using advanced information technology to ensure timeliness, interoperability and security
2) Establishment, maintenance and monitoring of international standards for best laboratory practices
3) Expansion of the capabilities for the production of vaccines and therapeutics expressly for emerging and reemerging infections
4) Establishment, maintenance and monitoring of a network of international research centers for microbial threats.
"These issues are global and urgently demand global solutions," said Dr. Rubin, professor of medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.. "To create a healthier, safer world we must meld the best of science and technology with practical social and political realities. To be successful, this involves optimizing the tradeoffs in the dense interplay between international security, tracking, preventing, detecting, and treating naturally occurring infectious diseases, the potential for nefarious use of existing or newly engineered biological agents, the need for vigilance in laboratory bio-safety, maintaining and enhancing the positive role of modern molecular biology on the economy and health of the developing world, and stimulating the creation and open dissemination of new knowledge."