faculty photo

Ramani Balu, MD/PhD

Assistant Professor of Neurology at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Department: Neurology

Contact information
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Department of Neurology
3400 Spruce Street
Philadelphia, Pa 19104
BS (Biology)
Duke University, Durham, NC, 1998.
MSE (Biomedical Engineering)
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, 2000.
MD/PhD (Medical Scientist Training Program (MD/PhD))
Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, 2008.
MTR (Translational Research)
University of Pennsylvania, 2018.
Post-Graduate Training
Intern in Medicine, NYU Langone Medical Center/Bellevue Hospital, New York,NY, 2008-2009.
Resident in Neurology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 2009-2012.
Fellow in Neurocritical Care, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 2012-2014.
American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (APBN) - Neurology, 2012.
United Council of Neurologic Subspecialties (UCNS) - Neurocritical Care, 2016.
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Description of Clinical Expertise

Neurocritical Care
Cardiac Arrest
Traumatic Brain Injury
Intracerebral Hemorrhage
Autoimmune Encephalitis
Central Nervous System Infections
Neurologic Manifestations of Systemic Medical Diseases

Description of Research Expertise

Cellular Neurophysiology
Systems Neuroscience
Cerebrovascular Physiology
Optical Imaging
Fluorescence Microscopy
Patch Clamp Methods
Cerebral Autoregulation
Biology of the Neurovascular Unit
Synaptic Plasticity

Selected Publications

Baldassano S, Gelfand M, Bhalla PK, Hill C, Christini A, Wagenaar J, Litt B, Roberson SW, Balu R, Scheid B, Bernabei J, Pathmanathan J, Oommen B, Leri D, Echauz J.: IRIS: A Modular Platform for Continuous Monitoring and Caretaker Notification in the Intensive Care Unit. IEEE Journal of Biomedical Health Informatics E Pub, 2020.

Balu R, Fischer M: Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome. Stroke: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, & Management. Kasner SE Grotta J (eds.). Elsevier, 2020.

Ngwenya LB, Foreman BP, Balu R, Carlson AP, Dreier JP, Diaz-Arrastia R, Hartings JA: Electrophysiologic monitoring for traumatic brain injury. Youmans & Winn Neurological Surgery, 8th Edition. Manley GT, Winn HR (eds.). Elsevier, 2020.

Balu R, Rajagopalan S, Baghshomali S, Kirschen M, Kofke WA, Abella BS: Cerebrovascular pressure reactivity predicts neurologic outcome after hypoxic-ischemic brain injury. Resuscitation. Under review (eds.). 2020.

Gomez F, Balu R: Meningitis. Decision Making in Adult Neurology. Cucchiara B, Price R (eds.). Elsevier, 2020.

Gomez F, Balu R: Encephalitis. Decision Making in Adult Neurology. Cucchiara B, Price R (eds.). Elsevier, 2020.

Rajagopalan S, Cruz Navarro J, Baghshomali S, Kirschen M, Greer D, Kofke WA, Balu R: Physiological Signatures of Brain Death Uncovered by Intracranial Multimodal Neuromonitoring. Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology E Pub, 2020.

Gul SS, Cohen SA, Avery KL, Balakrishnan MP, Balu R, Chowdhury MAB, Crabb D, Huesgen KW, Hwang CW, Maciel CB, Murphy TW, Han F, Becker TK; Interdisciplinary Cardiac Arrest Research Review ICARE group.: Cardiac arrest: An interdisciplinary review of the literature from 2018. Resuscitation E Pub, 2020.

Balu R, Abella B: Post cardiac arrest care: five of the most common issues. Neurocritical Care Society Podcast October 2019.

Balu R, Teran F: The importance of neurologic monitoring post-arrest. Penn TTM Academy Podcast June 2019.

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Last updated: 02/11/2020
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