Synovial Biopsy, Synovium, Synovial Fluid & Arthrocentesis

Early Arthritis Photo/Slide Viewer


References Related to Early Arthritis (Synovium)

El-Gabalawy et al: Clinical, Serological, and Synovial Determinants of Early Remission in Patients with Synovitis of Recent Onset (unpublished)

Schumacher HR, Katz S, Kundsin R: The continued search for viral and other infectious agents in the systemic rheumatic diseases. Study of early lesions. In Christian CL (Ed) Atypical Virus Infections - Possible Relevance to Animal Models and Rheumatic Disease. Arthritis Foundation, New York , 1971, p. 18-23.

Schumacher HR, Kitridou RC: Synovitis of recent onset: A clinico-pathologic study during the first month of disease. Arthritis Rheum 15:465-485, 1972.

Schumacher HR, Bautista BB, Krauser RE, Mathur AK , Gall EP:Histological appearance of the synovium in early rheumatoid arthritis. Sem Arth Rheum 23:3-10, 1994.

Kotake S, Schumacher HR, Wilder RL: A simple nested RT-PCR method for quantitation of the relative amounts of multiple cytokine mRNAs in small tissue samples. J of Immunological Methods 199:193-203, 1996.

Kotake S, Schumacher HR, Yarboro CH, Arayssi TK, Pando JA, Kanik KS, Gourley MF, Klippel JH, Wilder RL: In vivo gene expression of type 1 and type 2 cytokines in synovial tissues from patients in early stages of rheumatoid, reactive, and undifferentiated arthritis. Proc Assoc of Am Phys 109:286-302,1997.

Fang Q, Sun YY, El-Gabalawy H, Cai W, Ko L, Chin H, Arayssi T, Schumacher HR, Williams WV: Synovial T Cell receptor heterogeneity in early arthritis. Pathobiology 67:59-74,1999.

Kotake S, Schumacher HR, Arayssi TK, Gerard HC, Branigan PJ, Hudson AP, Yarboro CH, Klippel JH, Wilder RL: Gamma interferon and interleukin-10 expression in synovial tissues from patients with early stages of chlamydia-associated arthritis and undifferentiated oligoarthritis and from healthy volunteers. Infection and Immunity 67:2682-86, 1999.

Singh JA, Pando JA, Tomaszewski J, Schumacher HR: Quantitative analysis of immunohistologic features of very early rheumatoid synovitis in disease modifying antirheumatic drug- and corticosteroid-naïve patients. J Rheum 31:1281-1285, 2004.


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