Synovial Biopsy, Synovium, Synovial Fluid & Arthrocentesis

Synovial Fluid Apatite Features Photo/Slide Viewer


References Related to Synovial Fluid and Apatite

Schumacher HR, Somlyo AP, Tse RL, Maurer K: Apatite crystal associated arthritis. Ann Int Med 87:411-416, 1977.

Reginato AJ and Schumacher HR. Synovial calcification in a patient with collagen-vascular disease: light and electron microscopic studies. J Rheumatology 4:261-271, 1977.

Maurer KH, Schumacher HR: Hydroxyapatite phagocytosis by human polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Ann Rheum Dis 38:84-88, 1979.

Paul H, Reginato AJ, Schumacher HR: Alizarin red S staining as a screening test to detect calcium compounds in synovial fluid. Arthritis Rheum 26:191-200, 1983.

Schumacher HT, Cherian PV, Reginato AR, Bardin T, Rothfuss S: Intra-articular apatite crystal deposition. Ann Rheum Dis 42:54-59, 1983.

Schumacher HR, Cherian PV: Transmission electron microscopic studies on articular calcium crystals and associated protein coatings. Scanning Electron Microsocopy II: 964-968, 1984.

Bardin T, Schumacher HR, Lansaman J, Rothfuss S, Dryll A: Transmission electron microsocopic identification of silicon-containing particles in synovial fluid: Potential confusion with calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate and apatite crystals. Ann Rheum Dis 43:624-627, 1984.

Kazmers IS, Scoville CD, Schumacher HR: Polymyositis associated apatite arthritis. J Rheumatol 15:1019-1021, 1988.

Watanabe W, Baker D, Schumacher HR: Comparison of the acute inflammation induced by calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate, apatite and mixed crystals in the rat air pouch model of a synovial space. J Rheumatol 19:1453-1457, 1992.

Van Linthoudt D, Schumacher HR, Burus RB, Hinshaw KC, Pierce V: Apatite crystal deposition disease in a diana monkey (Cercopithecus Diana Diana). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 23:346-352, 1992.

Reginato AJ & Schumacher HR: Apatite crystals in joint fluid: clinical relevance and search for a simple and accurate diagnostic test. Rheumatology Review 3:9-20, 1994.

VanLinthoudt D, Salani I, Zender R, Locatelli P, Ott H and Schumacher HR: Citrate in synovial fluid and its relation to inflammation and crystal presence. J Rheumatol 23:502-505, 1996.

Li-Yu J, Clayburne GM, Sieck MS, Walker SE, Athreya BH, DeHoratius RJ, Schumacher HR: Calcium apatite crystals in synovial fluid rice bodies. Ann Rheum Dis 61:387-390, 2002.

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