Synovial Biopsy, Synovium, Synovial Fluid & Arthrocentesis


1. Schumacher HR , Kulka JP: Needle biopsy of the synovial membrane: Experience with the Parker-Pearson technique. N Eng J Med 286:416-419, 1972.

2. Baker DG, Schumacher HR: Acute monoarthritis. New Eng J Med 329:1013-1020, 1993.

3. Schumacher HR , Stineman MG, Magge S, Huppert A, Rahman M: The association between synovial fluid and treatment response in osteoarthritis. Internal Medicine 4:25-34, 1996.

4. Schumacher HR , Meng Z, Sieck M, Zonay L, Clayburne G, Baker JF, Park J, Baker DG: Effect of a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug on synovial fluid in osteoarthritis. J Rheumatol 23:1774-1777, 1996.

5. Moreno MJ, Clayburne G, Schumacher HR : Processing of noninflammatory synovial fluids with hyaluronidase for cytospin preparations improves the accuracy of differential counts. Diagnostic Cytopathology 22:256-8, 2000.

6. Pando JA, Duray P, Yarboro C, Gourley MF, Klippel JH, Schumacher HR : Synovitis occurs in some clinically normal and asymptomatic joints in patients with early arthritis. J Rheumatol 27:1848-1854, 2000.

7. Li-Yu J, Clayburne G, Sieck M, Beutler A, Rull M, Eisner E, Schumacher HR : Treatment of chronic gout. Can we determine when urate stores are depleted enough to prevent attacks of gout? J Rheumatol 28:577-580, 2001.

8. Gérard HC, Wang Z, Wang GF, El-Gabalawy H, Goldbach-Mansky R, Li Y, Majeed W, Zhang H, Ngai N, Hudson AP, Schumacher HR : Chromosomal DNA from a variety of bacterial species is present in synovial tissue from patients with a various forms of arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 44:1689-1697, 2001.

9. Olmez N, Wang GF, Li Y, Zhang H, Schumacher HR : Chlamydial nucleic acids in synovium in osteoarthritis: what are the implications? J Rhuematol 28:1874-1880, 2001.

10. Gerard HC, Krausse-Opatz B, Wang Z, Rudy D, Rao JP, Zeidler H, Schumacher HR , Whittum-Hudson JA, Kohler L, Hudson AP: Expression of Chlamydia trachomatis genes encoding products required for DNA synthesis and cell division during active versus persistent infection. Molecular Micribiol 41:731-741, 2001.

11. Pullman-Mooar P, Mooar P, Sieck M, Clayburne G, Schumacher HR : Are there distincitve inflammatory flares after Hylan G-F 20 intraarticular injections? J Rheumatol 29:2611-2614, 2002.

12. Schumacher HR , Pessler F, Chen LX: Diagnosing early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). What are the problems and opportunities? Clin Exp Rheum 21:S15-S19, 2003.

13. Nalbant S, Martinez JAM, Kitumnuaypong T, Clayburne G, Sieck M, Schumacher HR: Synovial fluid features and their relations to osteoarthritis severity: new findings from sequential studies. Osteo and Cartilage 11:50-54, 2003.

14. Chen LX, Schumacher HR: Gout and gout mimickers: 20 clinical pearls. J Musculo Med 20:254-258, 2003.

15. Schumacher HR: Aspiration and injection therapies for joints. Arth Rheum 49:413-420, 2003.

16. Rull M, Clayburne G, Sieck M, Schumacher HR: Intra-articular corticosteroid preparations: different characteristics and their effect during inflammation induced by monosodium urate crystals in the rat subcutaneous air pouch. Rheumatology 42:1093-1100, 2003.

17. Schumacher HR, Habre W, Meador R, Hsia E: Predictive Factors in Early Arthritis: Long-Term Follow-up. Arthritis and Rheumatism 33:264-272, 2004.

18. Singh JA, Arayssi T, Duray P, Schumacher HR : Immunohistochemistry of normal human knee synovium: a quantitative study. Ann Rheum Dis 63:785-790 2004.

19. Singh JA, Pando JA, Tomaszewski J, Schumacher HR: Quantitative analysis of immunohistologic features of very early rheumatoid synovitis in disease modifying antirheumatic drug- and corticosteroid-naïve patients. J Rheum 31:1281-1285, 2004.

20. Chen LX, Clayburne G, Schumacher HR: Update on identification of pathogenic crystals in joint fluid. Cur Rheum Rep 6:217-220, 2004.

21. Cole BJ, Schumacher HR: Injectable corticosteroids in modern practice. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 13:37-46, 2005.

22. Shannon SE, Schumacher HR, Self S, Brown AN: Multicentric reticulohistiocytosis responding to tumor necrosis factor-α inhibition in a renal transplant patient.. J Rheum 32:565-567, 2005.


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