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A.G. Christina Bergqvist, M.D.

Professor of Neurology at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Attending Pediatrician, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Director Ketogenic Diet Program-Division of Neurology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Consultant Neurologist, Department of Newborn Pediatrics-Neonatology, Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia PA
Consultant, The Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia PA
Department: Neurology

Contact information
Division of Neurology
The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
10th floor HUB room
3501 Civic Center Boulevard
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Office: 215-590-1719
Fax: 215-590-1771
Lab: 215-590-6144
Stockholm’s University, Stockholm SE, 1983.
B.S. (Chemistry)
Gannon University-Cum Laude, Erie PA, 1986.
M.D. (Medicine)
Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia PA, 1992.
Post-Graduate Training
Intern in Pediatrics, St Christopher's Hospital for Children/ Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia PA, 1992-1993.
Resident in Pediatrics, St Christopher’s Hospital for Children/ Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia PA, 1993-1994.
Child Neurology Resident, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia/ University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia PA, 1994-1997.
Fellowship in Clinical Neuro-Physiology, EEG and Epilepsy, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia PA, 1997-1999.
National Board of Medical Examiners American Academy of Neurology and Psychiatry with specialization in Child Neurology , 1999.
Maintenance of Certification in Child Neurology, 2010.
American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, Certification in Epilepsy, 2013.
Maintenance of Certification in Child Neurology , 2020.
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Description of Research Expertise

Selected Publications

Research Publications, peer reviewed.

1. Bergqvist AGC, Goldberg H, Thorarensen O, Bird S. Posterior cervical spinal cord infarction following vertebral artery dissection. Neurology,48(8):1112-1115, 1997.

2. Bergqvist AGC. Side Effects of Epilepsy. Epilepsy Quarterly, 6(1):4, 11-12, 1998.

3. Bergqvist AGC, Chee CM, Lutchka L and Brooks-Kayal A. Successful Treatment of Acquired Epileptic Aphasia with the Ketogenic Diet. J Child Neurol, 14(11):696-701,1999.

4. Telfeian EA, Bergqvist AGC, Danielak C, Simon SL, Duhaime A. Recovery of Language after left hemispherectomy in a sixteen year old girl with late onset seizures. Pediatr Neurosurg, 37(1):19-21, 2002.

5. Bergqvist AGC, Chee CM, Lutchka L, Rychik J, Stallings VA. Selenium Deficiency Associated with Cardiomyopathy: A complication of the Ketogenic Diet. Epilepsia,44(4):618-620, 2003.

6. Wang ZJ, Bergqvist AGC, Hunter JV, et al. In vivo Measurement of Brain Metabolites Using Two-Dimensional Double-Quantum MR SpectroscopyExploration of GABA Levels in a Ketogenic Diet. Mag Reson Med, 49(4):615-619, 2003.

7. Farina L, Bergqvist AGC, Zimmerman RA, Haselgrove J, Hunter JV, Bilaniuk LT. Acute diffusion abnormalities in the hippocampus of children with new-onset of seizures: the development of mesial temporal sclerosis.
Neuroradiology, 46(4):251-257, 2004.

8. Bergqvist AGC, Schall JI, Gallagher PR, Cnaan A and Stallings V. Gradual versus fasting introduction of the ketogenic diet: A prospective randomized clinical trial of efficacy. Epilepsia, 46(11)1810-1819, 2005.

9. Bergqvist AGC, Schall JI, Stallings VA. Vitamin D status in children with intractable epilepsy, and impact of the ketogenic diet. Epilepsia, 48(1):66-71,2007.

10. Kossoff EH, Pyzik PL, Rubenstein JE, Bergqvist AGC, Buchhalter JR, Donner EJ, Nordli DR, Wheless JW. Combined ketogenic diet and vagus nerve stimulation: rational polytherapy? Epilepsia, 48(1):77-81, 2007.

11. Bergqvist AGC, Schall JI, Richard EL, Gallagher PR, Stallings VA. Predictive power of first morning glucose and the ketogenic diet. Neuropediatrics,38:193-196, 2007.

12. Kilaru S, Bergqvist AGC. Current Treatment of myoclonic astatic epilepsy: Clinical experience at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. Epilepsia,48(9):1-5, 2007.

13. Volpe S, Schall JI, Stallings VA, Gallagher MA, Stallings VA, Bergqvist AGC.Nutrient intake of children with intractable epilepsy compared to healthy children. J Am Diet Assoc, 107:1014-1018, June 2007.

14. Bergqvist AGC, Schall JI, Trabulsi J, Stallings VA. Growth failure in children with intractable epilepsy is not due to increased resting energy expenditure.Dev Med & Child Neuro, 50:439-444, April 2008.

15. Caspari SS, Bergqvist AGC, Kotegal S, Strand EA. Obstructive sleep apnea, seizures,and childhood apraxia of speech. Peds Neurology,38:422-425, March 2008.

16. Bergqvist AGC, Schall AI, Stallings VA, Zemel BS. Progressive bone mineral content loss in children with intractable epilepsy treated with the ketogenic diet. Am J Clin Nutr, 88:1678-1684

Research Publications, peer-reviewed reviews:

1. Bergqvist AGC. Idiopathic Pediatric Epilepsy Syndromes. Continuum/Epilepsy,13(4):106-120, August 2007.

2. Kossoff EH, Zupec-Kania BA, Amark PE, Ballaban-Gil KR, Bergqvist AGC, Blackford R, Buchhalter JR, Caraballo RH, Cross JH, Dahlin MD, Donner EJ, Klepper J, Jehle RS, Kim HD, Liu YMC, Nation J, Nordli DR, Pfeifer HH, Rho JM, Stafstrom CE, Thiele EA, Turner Z, Wirrell EC, Wheless JW, Veggiotti P, Vining EPG, and The Charlie Foundation, and the Practice Committee of the Child Neurology Society (2008) Optimal clinical management of children receiving the ketogenic diet: Recommendations of the International Ketogenic Diet Study Group. Epilepsia Published Online: 25-Sept-2008; doi: 10.1111/j.1528-1167.2008.01765.x

Selected Publications

Wetmore E, Lehner-Gulotta D, Florenzo B, Banwell B, Bergqvist AGC, Coleman R, Conaway M, Goldman MD, Brenton JN. : Ketogenic Diet in Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis: Post-Trial Adherence and Outcomes. Clinical Nutrition. ICMJE (eds.). 42(8): 1427-35, August 2023.

Groveman S, Klepper J, Liesenkötte K, Grimberg A and AGC Bergqvist: Diagnosis and treatment of growth hormone deficiency in children on the ketogenic diet: A case series. Journal of Child Neurology 2023 Notes: submitted to JCN April 2023.

Fenton C, AGC Bergqvist: Homemade oil emulsion for use in formula feedings. Nutrition in Clinical Practice Page: 1-2, Dec 2022 Notes: https://doi.org/10.1002/ncp.10944.

Catenaccio E, Bennet ML, Massey SL, Abend NS and Bergqvist C: Tonic seizures in a patient with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome manifest as icicles rather than flames on quantitative EEG analysis. J Clin Neurophysiol. Lippincott, 00: 1-4, Oct 2022 Notes: online Ahead of final print ISSN: 0736-0258/22/0000-0001 DOI 10.1097/WNP.0000000000000974.

Brenton JN, Lehner-Gulotta D, Coleman R, Banwell B, Bergqvist AGC, Conaway M, and Goldman MD. : Phase II Study of Ketogenic Diets in Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis: Safety, Tolerability, and Potential Clinical Benefits Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. BMJ journal 93(6): 637-644, Apr 2022 Notes: accepted March 2022.

Albokhari D, Bergqvist AGC, Ganetzky R.: Epileptic Encephalopathy due to TRIT1-associated Combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency-35:reports of two cases at opposite ends of the epilepsy spectrum and review of the literature. Journal of Medical Genetics 2022 Notes: Submitted June

Worden LT, Abend N, Bergqvist AGC: Ketogenic diet treatment of children in the intensive care unit: Safety, tolerability, and effectiveness. Seizure 80: 242-248, August 2020 Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.seizure.2020.07.003. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Abdelmoumen I, Jimenez S, Valencia I, Legido A, Melvin J, Diaz-Diaz MM, Griffith C, Massingham LJ, Yelton ML, Rodiguez J, Schnur R, Walsh LE, Cristancho AG, Bergqvist AC, McWalter K, Mathieson I, Belbin GM, Kennedy EE, Ortiz-Gonzalez XR, Schneider M : Bouricua founder mutation in FRRSIL causes epileptic encephalopathy with hyperkinetic movements. Journal of Neurology August 2020 Notes: submitted July 2019.

Fenton C, Groveman S, Chee C, AGC Bergqvist : Benefits of a Ketogenic Diet Teaching Kitchen. Journal of Child Neurology August 2019 Notes: Accepted June24th 2019 doi:10.1177/0883073819866607 Epub ahead of print.

Brenton NJ, Banwell B, Bergqvist AGC, Lehner-Gulotta D, Gampper L, Leytham E, Coleman R, Goldman M: Pilot study of a ketogenic diet in relapsing-remitting MS. Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflam. AAN publications Neurology, 6(4): e565, April 2019 Notes: Accepted March doi: 10.1212/NXI.0000000000000565. eCollection 2019 Jul.

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Last updated: 08/11/2023
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