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Brian P. Dunham, MD

Brian P. Dunham, MD

faculty photo
Assistant Professor of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery
Department: Otorhinolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery

Contact information
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Division of Otolaryngology
34th St. & Civic Center Boulevard
1 Wood Center
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Office: 215-590-3440
Fax: 215-590-3986
Education:
BA (Fine Arts)
Dartmouth College, 1987.
(Pre-med)
College of William and Mary, 1991.

Vanderbilt School of Medicine, 1994.
MD
Stanford University School of Medicine, 1998.
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Description of Research Expertise


Description of Other Expertise

Dr. Brian Dunham is a surgeon and medical illustrator who specializes in the anatomy and diseases of the ear and skull base. He has published illustrations in multiple scientific articles and chapters and is actively involved in the development of novel applications of scientific art as an educational tool. The vast majority of his illustrations start as graphite drawings on paper, which are then scanned into a digital format and hand-rendered in Adobe Photoshop. He majored in Fine Arts as an undergraduate and pursued graduate level training in biomedical illustration at the Johns Hopkins Department of Art as Applied to Medicine. He is currently a professional member of the Association of Medical Illustrators.



Laryngotracheoplasty Final Composite - Journal of Neurosurgery


This composite Photoshop rendering details a transnasal approach to the pituitary gland with a novel retractor that was developed by Drs. Richard Chole and Ralph Dacey at Washington University. This particular approach and retractor allow for the use of rigid endoscopes and/or an operating microscope. It is an operation that otolaryngologists and neurosurgeons often perform jointly, predominantly in adults. Dr. Dunham worked on this illustration over a three-year period, as the retractor’s design was refined.


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Transnasal Transphenoidal Approach to Pituitary Mesh-Secured CI to Cochlear Implant Fixation


This Photoshop illustration describes a technique for securing the receiver-stimulator of a cochlear implant to a patient’s skull using a resorbable plate and screws. The receiver-stimulator sits inside a soft tissue pocket created during the operation. As the wound heals, this soft tissue pocket eventually constricts around the receiver-stimulator and secures it to the skull. The plate and screws biodegrade over time and are fully resorbed within a year.


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This Photoshop illustration shows the evolution of the technique for securing the receiver-stimulator. The receiver-stimulator again sits inside a soft tissue pocket but this time the resorbable plate is used to pexy the soft tissue at the shoulders of the device to the bone preventing the migration of the device. This is a technique that was developed at CHOP.


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This illustration shows the relevant anatomical structure during a surgical approach to a vestibular schwannoma, a tumor that arises from the nerves that course inside the internal auditory canal. The patient is presented in surgical position. Some of the critical structures, namely the semicircular canals that are shown are covered in bone and not exposed during removal of the tumor. This illustration was created as a visual aid for a discussion on the limits of bony dissection during removal of these tumors.


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Facial Nerve Anatomy Composite Anterior Posterior


Composite illustration showing anterior and posterior graft laryngotracheoplasty for repair of subglottic stenosis, a condition in which the airway below the vocal cords narrows, often eventually producing respiratory distress. Prior to repair, many children with this condition have to breathe through a tracheostomy tube. Successful repair of their narrowed airway often allows them to forego the need for a tracheostomy tube.


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Facial Nerve Anatomy Composite Anterior Posterior


Composite illustration showing anterior and posterior graft laryngotracheoplasty for repair of subglottic stenosis, a condition in which the airway below the vocal cords narrows, often eventually producing respiratory distress. Prior to repair, many children with this condition have to breathe through a tracheostomy tube. Successful repair of their narrowed airway often allows them to forego the need for a tracheostomy tube.


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Bifurcated Scan


This Photoshop rendering shows a bifurcated facial nerve as it courses through the middle ear space. This is a relatively rare finding. The illustration was developed from an intraoperative sketch drawn with a sterile skin marker on the sterile paper wrapper in which surgical gloves are packaged.


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Human Skull Carbon Dust Rendering


Carbon dust rendering of a human skull. Carbon dust is an older technique that was promoted by Max Brödel, considered by many to be the founding father of biomedical illustration in the United States. Tones are applied using dry sable brushes dipped in carbon dust as well as carbon pencils. The details produced with this technique can be very fine. This rendering was the first assignment that Dr. Dunham completed during his graduate level coursework. Being the only surgical trainee in his class, his teachers and mentors were kind enough to allow him to draw a skull; all the other students were asked to draw a hip bone.


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Selected Publications

Ballah D, Vossough A, Dunham BP, Kazahaya K, Cahill AM : Preoperative angiography and external carotid artery embolisation of juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas in a tertiary referral paediatric centre. Clinical Radiology 68(11): 1097-1106, November 2013 Notes: Accepted for publication, May 22, 2013.

Cheng J, Kleinberger, A, Dunham B, Woo P: Don't hang your coat here. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 76(5): 750-1, May 2012.

Leibowitz JM, Smith LP, Cohen MA, Dunham BP, Guttenberg M, Elden LM: Diagnosis and treatment of pediatric vallecular cysts and pseudocysts. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 75(7): 899-904, July 2011 Notes: Dr. Dunham contributed the original artwork, including relevant text for the illustrations.

Chole R, Dacey Jr R, Chicoine M, Dunham BP, Lim C: A novel transnasal transsphenoidal speculum: A design for both microscopic and endoscopic transsphenoidal pituitary surgery. Journal of Neurosurgery 114(5), May 2011 Notes: Epub 2011 Jan 7. Notes: Dr. Dunham contributed to the original artwork. Manuscript accepted for publication November 10, 2010.

Dunham BD, Bilaniuk L, Judkins A, Zur KB: Bilateral nasal obstruction due to an intranasal craniopharyngioma. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology Extra 5(2): 57-62, March 2010 Notes: 17 March 2009 online.

Thorne MC, Dunham BP, Tom LWC: Delayed facial paresis following tympanomastoid surgery in a pediatric patient. ENT Journal 89: 357-61, 2010.

Dunham B, Guttenberg M, Morrison W, Tom L: The histologic relationship of preauricular sinuses to auricular cartilage. Archives of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery 135(12): 1262-65, December 2009 Notes: Published Photoshop illustrations by Dr. Brian Dunham included in manuscript.

Salinas NL, Jackson O, Dunham B, Bartlett SP : Anatomical dissection and modified Sihler stain of the lower branches of the facial nerve. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. (eds.). 124(6): 1905-15, December 2009 Notes: Published Photoshop illustration by Dr. Brian Dunham included in manuscript.

Fisher K, Thorne M, Choudhry D, Barth P, Dunham B, Schmidt R, Jones J, Jacobs I, Cook S: Pediatric tracheostomy in conjoined twins: Multidisciplinary approach. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 73(3): 487-91, March 2009 Notes: Epub 2009 Jan 20; Published Photoshop illustrations by Dr. Brian Dunham included in manuscript.

Chennupati SK, Norris, R, Dunham B, Kazahaya K: Osteosarcoma of the skull base: Case report and review of literature. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 72(1): 115-119, January 2008 Notes: Epub 2007 Nov 5.

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Last updated: 09/02/2014
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