Peter Andrew Meaney

faculty photo
Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania and the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Attending Physician, Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Faculty, Botswana-U Penn Partnership, Gaborone, Botswana
Director, Center for Global Pediatric Clinical Care, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Department: Anesthesiology and Critical Care

Contact information
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
34th Street & Civic Center Blvd
8th Floor Main Building, 8NE, RM 8566
Philadelphia, PA 19104-4399
Office: (267) 426-7133
Fax: (215) 590-4327
Education:
B.A. (Religious Studies)
University of Virginia, 1993.
M.D. (Medicine)
Medical College of Virginia, 1998.
M.P.H. (Quantitative Methods)
Harvard School of Public Health, 2004.
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Description of Research Expertise

Dr. Meaney is an Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care at the University of Pennsylvania’s Perlman School of Medicine. His initial medical training is in Internal Medicine/Pediatrics; he completed his Pediatric Critical Care Medicine Fellowship at CHOP and his Master’s on Public Health degree at Harvard University.

Dr. Meaney is a nationally and internationally recognized pediatric resuscitation scientist, and has provided over 40 presentations at national and international meetings and has published over 40 manuscripts. He has developed, implemented and led training programs at 11 sites in 8 countries. Dr. Meaney’s identification of gaps in provider training in these environments has led to a global response for more research in this area. Dr. Meaney has held leadership positions in the American Heart Association Emergency Cardiovascular Committee as well as the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) since 2008, and in 2014 served as a temporary advisor to the World Health Organization. He has driven paradigm shifts in resuscitation education and training in the resource-limited setting.

His current focus is on improving care at the district hospital level, and has led development and implementation the Saving Children’s Lives program. SCL improves care delivery of first level and district hospital healthcare workers for acute child illnesses such as pneumonia, diarrhea and sepsis. Since 2013, SCL has trained over 500 providers in Botswana, Tanzania and India. Data shows that SCL implementation has both increased provider knowledge and reduced pediatric mortality, and is a feasible and sustainable Ministry of Health essential child survival program.

Dr Meaney seeks to conduct the necessary research to pioneer, implement and evaluate innovative yet relevant and practical solutions to improve acute care for children in low and middle-income countries.

Description of Itmat Expertise

Resuscitation, mHealth/IT, diagnostic devices, education, global health

Selected Publications

Kassebaum Nicholas, Kyu Hmwe Hmwe, Zoeckler Leo, Olsen Helen Elizabeth, Thomas Katie, Pinho Christine, Bhutta Zulfiqar A, Dandona Lalit, Ferrari Alize, Ghiwot Tsegaye Tewelde, Hay Simon I, Kinfu Yohannes, Liang Xiaofeng, Lopez Alan, Malta Deborah Carvalho, Mokdad Ali H, Naghavi Mohsen, Patton George C, Salomon Joshua, Sartorius Benn, Topor-Madry Roman, Vollset Stein Emil, Werdecker Andrea, Whiteford Harvey A, Abate Kalkidan Hasen, Abbas Kaja, Abreha Damtew Solomon, Ahmed Muktar Beshir, Akseer Nadia, Al-Raddadi Rajaa, Alemayohu Mulubirhan Assefa, Altirkawi Khalid, Abajobir Amanuel Alemu, Amare Azmeraw T, Antonio Carl A T, Arnlov Johan, Artaman Al, Asayesh Hamid, Avokpaho Euripide Frinel G Arthur, Awasthi Ashish, Ayala Quintanilla Beatriz Paulina, Bacha Umar, Balem Dimtsu, Barac Aleksandra, Bärnighausen Till Winfried, Baye Estifanos, Bedi Neeraj, Bensenor Isabela M, Berhane Adugnaw, Bernabe Eduardo, Bernal Oscar Alberto, Beyene Addisu Shunu, Biadgilign Sibhatu, Bikbov Boris, Boyce Cheryl Anne, Brazinova Alexandra, Hailu Gessessew Bugssa, Carter Austin, Castañeda-Orjuela Carlos A, Catalá-López Ferrán, Charlson Fiona J, Chitheer Abdulaal A, Choi Jee-Young Jasmine, Ciobanu Liliana G, Crump John, Dandona Rakhi, Dellavalle Robert P, Deribew Amare, deVeber Gabrielle, Dicker Daniel, Betsu Balem Balm, Ding Eric L, Dubey Manisha, Endries Amanuel Yesuf, Erskine Holly E, Faraon Emerito Jose Aquino, Faro Andre, Farzadfar Farshad, Fernandes Joao C, Fijabi Daniel Obadare, Fitzmaurice Christina, Fleming Thomas D, Flor Luisa Sorio, Foreman Kyle J, Franklin Richard C, Fraser Maya S, Frostad Joseph J, Fullman Nancy, Gebregergs Gebremedhin Berhe, Gebru Alemseged Aregay, Geleijnse Johanna M, Gibney Katherine B, Gidey Yihdego Mahari, Ginawi Ibrahim Abdelmageem Mohamed, Gishu Melkamu Dedefo, Gizachew Tessema Assefa, Glaser Elizabeth, Gold Audra L, Goldberg Ellen, Gona Philimon, Goto Atsushi, Gugnani Harish Chander, Jiang Guohong, Gupta Rajeev, Tesfay Fisaha Haile, Hankey Graeme J, Havmoeller Rasmus, Hijar Martha, Horino Masako, Hosgood H Dean, Hu Guoqing, Jacobsen Kathryn H, Jakovljevic Mihajlo B, Jayaraman Sudha P, Jha Vivekanand, Jibat Tariku, Johnson Catherine O, Jonas Jost, Kasaeian Amir, Kawakami Norito, Keiyoro Peter N, Khalil Ibrahim, Khang Young-Ho, Khubchandani Jagdish, Ahmad Kiadaliri Aliasghar A, Kieling Christian, Kim Daniel, Kissoon Niranjan, Knibbs Luke D, Koyanagi Ai, Krohn Kristopher J, Kuate Defo Barthelemy, Kucuk Bicer Burcu, Kulikoff Rachel, Kumar G Anil, Lal Dharmesh Kumar, Lam Hilton Y, Larson Heidi J, Larsson Anders, Laryea Dennis Odai, Leung Janni, Lim Stephen S, Lo Loon-Tzian, Lo Warren D, Looker Katharine J, Lotufo Paulo A, Magdy Abd Hassan, El Razek , Malekzadeh Reza, Markos Shifti Desalegn, Mazidi Mohsen, Meaney Peter A, Meles Kidanu Gebremariam, Memiah Peter, Mendoza Walter, Abera Mengistie Mubarek, Mengistu Gebremichael Welday, Mensah George A, Miller Ted R, Mock Charles, Mohammadi Alireza, Mohammed Shafiu, Monasta Lorenzo, Mueller Ulrich, Nagata Chie, Naheed Aliya, Nguyen Grant, Nguyen Quyen Le, Nsoesie Elaine, Oh In-Hwan, Okoro Anselm, Olusanya Jacob Olusegun, Olusanya Bolajoko O, Ortiz Alberto, Paudel Deepak, Pereira David M, Perico Norberto, Petzold Max, Phillips Michael Robert, Polanczyk Guilherme V, Pourmalek Farshad, Qorbani Mostafa, Rafay Anwar, Rahimi-Movaghar Vafa, Rahman Mahfuzar, Rai Rajesh Kumar, Ram Usha, Rankin Zane, Remuzzi Giuseppe, Renzaho Andre M N, Roba Hirbo Shore, Rojas-Rueda David, Ronfani Luca, Sagar Rajesh, Sanabria Juan Ramon, Kedir Mohammed Muktar Sano, Santos Itamar S, Satpathy Maheswar, Sawhney Monika, Schöttker Ben, Schwebel David C, Scott James G, Sepanlou Sadaf G, Shaheen Amira, Shaikh Masood Ali, She June, Shiri Rahman, Shiue Ivy, Sigfusdottir Inga Dora, Singh Jasvinder, Slipakit Naris, Smith Alison, Sreeramareddy Chandrashekhar, Stanaway Jeffrey D, Stein Dan J, Steiner Caitlyn, Sufiyan Muawiyyah Babale, Swaminathan Soumya, Tabarés-Seisdedos Rafael, Tabb Karen M, Tadese Fentaw, Tavakkoli Mohammad, Taye Bineyam, Teeple Stephanie, Tegegne Teketo Kassaw, Temam Shifa Girma, Terkawi Adbullah Sulieman, Thomas Bernadette, Thomson Alan J, Tobe-Gai Ruoyan, Tonelli Marcello, Tran Bach Xuan, Troeger Christopher, Ukwaja Kingsley N, Uthman Olalekan, Vasankari Tommi, Venketasubramanian Narayanaswamy, Vlassov Vasiliy Victorovich, Weiderpass Elisabete, Weintraub Robert, Gebrehiwot Solomon Weldemariam, Westerman Ronny, Williams Hywel C, Wolfe Charles D A, Woodbrook Rachel, Yano Yuichiro, Yonemoto Naohiro, Yoon Seok-Jun, Younis Mustafa Z, Yu Chuanhua, Zaki Maysaa El Sayed, Zegeye Elias Asfaw, Zuhlke Liesl Joanna, Murray Christopher J L, Vos Theo: Child and Adolescent Health From 1990 to 2015: Findings From the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors 2015 Study. JAMA pediatrics Apr 2017.

Niles Dana E, Nishisaki Akira, Sutton Robert M, Elci Okan U, Meaney Peter A, OʼConnor Kathleen A, Leffelman Jessica, Kramer-Johansen Jo, Berg Robert A, Nadkarni Vinay: Improved Retention of Chest Compression Psychomotor Skills With Brief "Rolling Refresher" Training. Simulation In Healthcare Apr 2017.

Bhanji Farhan, Topjian Alexis A, Nadkarni Vinay M, Praestgaard Amy H, Hunt Elizabeth A, Cheng Adam, Meaney Peter A, Berg Robert A: Survival Rates Following Pediatric In-Hospital Cardiac Arrests During Nights and Weekends. JAMA pediatrics 171(1): 39-45, Jan 2017.

Meaney PA: Knowledge accrual following participation pediatric fundamental critical care support (PFCCS) Course in Gaborone, Botswana. Global Health Symposium Oct 2016 Notes: Poster Presentation, Global Health Symposium, Philadelphia, PA.

GBD 2015 Maternal Mortality Collaborators.: Global, regional, and national levels of maternal mortality, 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. Lancet 388(10053): 1775-1812, Oct 2016.

Vos, T, Allen, C, Arora, M, Barber, R M, Bhutta, Z A, Brown, A, Carter, A, Casey, D C, Charlson, F J, Chen, A Z, Coggeshall, M, Cornaby, L, Dandona, L, Dicker, D J, Dilegge, T, Erskine, H E, Ferrari, A J, Fitzmaurice, C, Fleming, T, Forouzanfar, M H, Fullman, N, Gething, P W, Goldberg, E M, Graetz, N, Haagsma, J A, Johnson, C O, Kassebaum, N J, Kawashima, T, Kemmer, L, Khalil, I A, Kinfu, Y, Kyu, H H, Leung, J, Liang, X, Lim, S S, Lopez, A D, Lozano, R, Marczak, L, Mensah, G A, Mokdad, A H, Naghavi, M, Nguyen, G, Nsoesie, E, Olsen, H, Pigott, D M, Pinho, C, Rankin, Z, Reinig, N, Salomon, J A, Sandar, L, Smith, A, Stanaway, J, Steiner, C, Teeple, S, Thomas, B A, Troeger, C, Wagner, J A, Wang, H, Wanga, V, Whiteford, H A, Zoeckler, L, Abajobir, A A, Abate, K H, Abbafati, C, Abbas, K M, Abd-Allah, F, Abraham, B, Abubakar, I, Abu-Raddad, L J, Abu-Rmeileh, N M E, Ackerman, I N, Adebiyi, A O, Ademi, Z, Adou, A K, Afanvi, K A, Agardh, E E, Agarwal, A, Kiadaliri, A A, Ahmadieh, H, Ajala, O N, Akinyemi, R O, Akseer, N, Al-Aly, Z, Alam, K, Alam, N K M, Aldhahri, S F, Alegretti, M A, Alemu, Z A, Alexander, L T, Alhabib, S, Ali, R, Alkerwi, A, Alla, F, Allebeck, P, Al-Raddadi, R, Alsharif, U, Altirkawi, K A, Alvis-Guzman, N, Amare, A T, Amberbir, A, Amini, H, Ammar, W, Amrock, S M, Andersen, H H, Anderson, G M, Anderson, B O, Antonio, C A T, Aregay, A F, Ärnlöv, J, Artaman, A, Asayesh, H, Assadi, R, Atique, S, Avokpaho, E F G A, Awasthi, A, Quintanilla, B P A, Azzopardi, P, Bacha, U, Badawi, A, Balakrishnan, K, Banerjee, A, Barac, A, Barker-Collo, S L, Bärnighausen, T, Barregard, L, Barrero, L H, Basu, A, Bazargan-Hejazi, S, Bell, B, Bell, M L, Bennett, D A, Bensenor, I M, Benzian, H, Berhane, A, Bernabé, E, Betsu, B D, Beyene, A S, Bhala, N, Bhatt, S, Biadgilign, S, Bienhoff, K, Bikbov, B, Biryukov, S, Bisanzio, D, Bjertness, E, Blore, J, Borschmann, R, Boufous, S, Brainin, M, Brazinova, A, Breitborde, N J K, Brown, J, Buchbinder, R, Buckle, G C, Butt, Z A, Calabria, B, Campos-Nonato, I R, Campuzano, J C, Carabin, H, Cárdenas, R, Carpenter, D O, Carrero, J J, Castañeda-Orjuela, C A, Rivas, J C, Catalá-López, F, Chang, J C, Chiang, P P C, Chibueze, C E, Chisumpa, V H, Choi, J Y J, Chowdhury, R, Christensen, H, Christopher, D J, Ciobanu, L G, Cirillo, M, Coates, M M, Colquhoun, S M, Cooper, C, Cortinovis, M, Crump, J A, Damtew, S A, Dandona, R, Daoud, F, Dargan, P I, das Neves, J, Davey, G, Davis, A C, Leo, D D, Degenhardt, L, Gobbo, L C D, Dellavalle, R P, Deribe, K, Deribew, A, Derrett, S, Jarlais, D C D, Dharmaratne, S D, Dhillon, P K, Diaz-Torné, C, Ding, E L, Driscoll, T R, Duan, L, Dubey, M, Duncan, B B, Ebrahimi, H, Ellenbogen, R G, Elyazar, I, Endres, M, Endries, A Y, Ermakov, S P, Eshrati, B, Estep, K, Farid, T A, Farinha, C S E S, Faro, A, Farvid, M S, Farzadfar, F, Feigin, V L, Felson, D T, Fereshtehnejad, S M, Fernandes, J G, Fernandes, J C, Fischer, F, Fitchett, J R A, Foreman, K, Fowkes, F G R, Fox, J, Franklin, R C, Friedman, J, Frostad, J, Fürst, T, Futran, N D, Gabbe, B, Ganguly, P, Gankpé, F G, Gebre, T, Gebrehiwot, T T, Gebremedhin, A T, Geleijnse, J M, Gessner, B D, Gibney, K B, Ginawi, I A M, Giref, A Z, Giroud, M, Gishu, M D, Glaser, E, Godwin, W W, Gomez-Dantes, H, Gona, P, Goodridge, A, Gopalani, S V, Gotay, C C, Goto, A, Gouda, H N, Grainger, R, Greaves, F, Guillemin, F, Guo, Y, Gupta, R, Gupta, V, Gutiérrez, R A, Haile, D, Hailu, A D, Hailu, G B, Halasa, Y A, Hamadeh, R R, Hamidi, S, Hammami, M, Hancock, J, Handal, A J, Hankey, G J, Hao, Y, Harb, H L, Harikrishnan, S, Haro, J M, Havmoeller, R, Hay, R J, Heredia-Pi, I B, Heydarpour, P, Hoek, H W, Horino, M, Horita, N, Hosgood, H D, Hoy, D G, Htet, A S, Huang, H, Huang, J J, Huynh, C, Iannarone, M, Iburg, K M, Innos, K, Inoue, M, Iyer, V J, Jacobsen, K H, Jahanmehr, N, Jakovljevic, M B, Javanbakht, M, Jayatilleke, A U, Jee, S H, Jeemon, P, Jensen, P N, Jiang, Y, Jibat, T, Jimenez-Corona, A, Jin, Y, Jonas, J B, Kabir, Z, Kalkonde, Y, Kamal, R, Kan, H, Karch, A, Karema, C K, Karimkhani, C, Kasaeian, A, Kaul, A, Kawakami, N, Keiyoro, P N, Kemp, A H, Keren, A, Kesavachandran, C N, Khader, Y S, Khan, A R, Khan, E A, Khang, Y H, Khera, S, Khoja, T A M, Khubchandani, J, Kieling, C, Kim, P, Kim, C I, Kim, D, Kim, Y J, Kissoon, N, Knibbs, L D, Knudsen, A K, Kokubo, Y, Kolte, D, Kopec, J A, Kosen, S, Kotsakis, G A, Koul, P A, Koyanagi, A, Kravchenko, M, Defo, B K, Bicer, B K, Kudom, A A, Kuipers, E J, Kumar, G A, Kutz, M, Kwan, G F, Lal, A, Lalloo, R, Lallukka, T, Lam, H, Lam, J O, Langan, S M, Larsson, A, Lavados, P M, Leasher, J L, Leigh, J, Leung, R, Levi, M, Li, Y, Liang, J, Liu, S, Liu, Y, Lloyd, B K, Lo, W D, Logroscino, G, Looker, K J, Lotufo, P A, Lunevicius, R, Lyons, R A, Mackay, M T, Magdy, M, Razek, A E, Mahdavi, M, Majdan, M, Majeed, A, Malekzadeh, R, Marcenes, W, Margolis, D J, Martinez-Raga, J, Masiye, F, Massano, J, McGarvey, S T, McGrath, J J, McKee, M, McMahon, B J, Meaney, P A, Mehari, A, Mejia-Rodriguez, F, Mekonnen, A B, Melaku, Y A, Memiah, P, Memish, Z A, Mendoza, W, Meretoja, A, Meretoja, T J, Mhimbira, F A, Miller, T R, Mills, E J, Mirarefin, M, Mitchell, P B, Mock, C N, Mohammadi, A, Mohammed, S, Monasta, L, Hernandez, J C M, Montico, M, Mooney, M D, Moradi-Lakeh, M, Morawska, L, Mueller, U O, Mullany, E, Mumford, J E, Murdoch, M E, Nachega, J B, Nagel, G, Naheed, A, Naldi, L, Nangia, V, Newton, J N, Ng, M, Ngalesoni, F N, Nguyen, Q L, Nisar, M I, Pete, P M N, Nolla, J M, Norheim, O F, Norman, R E, Norrving, B, Nunes, B P, Ogbo, F A, Oh, I H, Ohkubo, T, Olivares, P R, Olusanya, B O, Olusanya, J O, Ortiz, A, Osman, M, Ota, E, PA, M, Park, E K, Parsaeian, M, de Azeredo Passos, V M, Caicedo, A J P, Patten, S B, Patton, G C, Pereira, D M, Perez-Padilla, R, Perico, N, Pesudovs, K, Petzold, M, Phillips, M R, Piel, F B, Pillay, J D, Pishgar, F, Plass, D, Platts-Mills, J A, Polinder, S, Pond, C D, Popova, S, Poulton, R G, Pourmalek, F, Prabhakaran, D, Prasad, N M, Qorbani, M, Rabiee, R H S, Radfar, A, Rafay, A, Rahimi, K, Rahimi-Movaghar, V, Rahman, M, Rahman, M H U, Rahman, S U, Rai, R K, Rajsic, S, Ram, U, Rao, P, Refaat, A H, Reitsma, M B, Remuzzi, G, Resnikoff, S, Reynolds, A, Ribeiro, A L, Blancas, M J R, Roba, H S, Rojas-Rueda, D, Ronfani, L, Roshandel, G, Roth, G A, Rothenbacher, D, Roy, A, Sagar, R, Sahathevan, R, Sanabria, J R, Sanchez-Niño, M D, Santos, I S, Santos, J V, Sarmiento-Suarez, R, Sartorius, B, Satpathy, M, Savic, M, Sawhney, M, Schaub, M P, Schmidt, M I, Schneider, I J C, Schöttker, B, Schwebel, D C, Scott, J G, Seedat, S, Sepanlou, S G, Servan-Mori, E E, Shackelford, K A, Shaheen, A, Shaikh, M A, Sharma, R, Sharma, U, Shen, J, Shepard, D S, Sheth, K N, Shibuya, K, Shin, M J, Shiri, R, Shiue, I, Shrime, M G, Sigfusdottir, I D, Silva, D A S, Silveira, D G A, Singh, A, Singh, J A, Singh, O P, Singh, P K, Sivonda, A, Skirbekk, V, Skogen, J C, Sligar, A, Sliwa, K, Soljak, M, Søreide, K, Soriano, J B, Sposato, L A, Sreeramareddy, C T, Stathopoulou, V, Steel, N, Stein, D J, Steiner, T J, Steinke, S, Stovner, L, Stroumpoulis, K, Sunguya, B F, Sur, P, Swaminathan, S, Sykes, B L, Szoeke, C E I, Tabarés-Seisdedos, R, Takala, J S, Tandon, N, Tanne, D, Tavakkoli, M, Taye, B, Taylor, H R, Ao, B J T, Tedla, B A, Terkawi, A S, Thomson, A J, Thorne-Lyman, A L, Thrift, A G, Thurston, G D, Tobe-Gai, R, Tonelli, M, Topor-Madry, R, Topouzis, F, Tran, B X, Dimbuene, Z T, Tsilimbaris, M, Tura, A K, Tuzcu, E M, Tyrovolas, S, Ukwaja, K N, Undurraga, E A, Uneke, C J, Uthman, O A, van Gool, C H, Varakin, Y Y, Vasankari, T, Venketasubramanian, N, Verma, R K, Violante, F S, Vladimirov, S K, Vlassov, V V, Vollset, S E, Wagner, G R, Waller, S G, Wang, L, Watkins, D A, Weichenthal, S, Weiderpass, E, Weintraub, R G, Werdecker, A, Westerman, R, White, R A, Williams, H C, Wiysonge, C S, Wolfe, C D A, Won, S, Woodbrook, R, Wubshet, M, Xavier, D, Xu, G, Yadav, A K, Yan, L L, Yano, Y, Yaseri, M, Ye, P, Yebyo, H G, Yip, P, Yonemoto, N, Yoon, S J, Younis, M Z, Yu, C, Zaidi, Z, Zaki, M E S, Zeeb, H, Zhou, M, Zodpey, S, Zuhlke, L J, Murray, C J L: Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. Lancet 388(10053): 1545-1602, Oct 2016.

Lim, S S, Allen, K, Bhutta, Z A, Dandona, L, Forouzanfar, M H, Fullman, N, Gething, P W, Goldberg, E M, Hay, S I, Holmberg, M, Kinfu, Y, Kutz, M J, Larson, H J, Liang, X, Lopez, A D, Lozano, R, McNellan, C R, Mokdad, A H, Mooney, M D, Naghavi, M, Olsen, H E, Pigott, D M, Salomon, J A, Vos, T, Wang, H, Abajobir, A A, Abate, K H, Abbafati, C, Abbas, K M, Abd-Allah, F, Abdulle, A M, Abraham, B, Abubakar, I, Abu-Raddad, L J, Abu-Rmeileh, N M E, Abyu, G Y, Achoki, T, Adebiyi, A O, Adedeji, I A, Afanvi, K A, Afshin, A, Agarwal, A, Agrawal, A, Kiadaliri, A A, Ahmadieh, H, Ahmed, K Y, Akanda, A S, Akinyemi, R O, Akinyemiju, T F, Akseer, N, Al-Aly, Z, Alam, K, Alam, U, Alasfoor, D, AlBuhairan, F S, Aldhahri, S F, Aldridge, R W, Alemu, Z A, Ali, R, Alkerwi, A, Alkhateeb, M A, Alla, F, Allebeck, P, Allen, C, Al-Raddadi, R, Altirkawi, K A, Martin, E A, Alvis-Guzman, N, Amare, A T, Amberbir, A, Amegah, A K, Amini, H, Ammar, W, Amrock, S M, Andersen, H H, Anderson, B O, Anderson, G M, Antonio, C A T, Anwari, P, Ärnlöv, J, Artaman, A, Asayesh, H, Asghar, R J, Atique, S, Avokpaho, E F G A, Awasthi, A, Quintanilla, B P A, Azzopardi, P, Bacha, U, Badawi, A, Balakrishnan, K, Banerjee, A, Barac, A, Barber, R, Barker-Collo, S L, Bärnighausen, T, Barrero, L H, Barrientos-Gutierrez, T, Basu, S, Bayou, T A, Bazargan-Hejazi, S, Beardsley, J, Bedi, N, Beghi, E, Béjot, Y, Bell, M L, Bello, A K, Bennett, D A, Bensenor, I M, Benzian, H, Berhane, A, Bernabé, E, Bernal, O A, Betsu, B D, Beyene, A S, Bhala, N, Bhatt, S, Biadgilign, S, Bienhoff, K A, Bikbov, B, Binagwaho, A, Bisanzio, D, Bjertness, E, Blore, J, Bourne, R R A, Brainin, M, Brauer, M, Brazinova, A, Breitborde, N J K, Broday, D M, Brugha, T S, Buchbinder, R, Butt, Z A, Cahill, L E, Campos-Nonato, I R, Campuzano, J C, Carabin, H, Cárdenas, R, Carrero, J J, Carter, A, Casey, D, Caso, V, Castañeda-Orjuela, C A, Rivas, J C, Catalá-López, F, Cavalleri, F, Cecílio, P, Chang, H Y, Chang, J C, Charlson, F J, Che, X, Chen, A Z, Chiang, P P C, Chibalabala, M, Chisumpa, V H, Choi, J Y J, Chowdhury, R, Christensen, H, Ciobanu, L G, Cirillo, M, Coates, M M, Coggeshall, M, Cohen, A J, Cooke, G S, Cooper, C, Cooper, L T, Cowie, B C, Crump, J A, Damtew, S A, Dandona, R, Dargan, P I, Neves, J D, Davis, A C, Davletov, K, de Castro, E F, De Leo, D, Degenhardt, L, Del Gobbo, L C, Deribe, K, Derrett, S, Des Jarlais, D C, Deshpande, A, deVeber, G A, Dey, S, Dharmaratne, S D, Dhillon, P K, Ding, E L, Dorsey, E R, Doyle, K E, Driscoll, T R, Duan, L, Dubey, M, Duncan, B B, Ebrahimi, H, Endries, A Y, Ermakov, S P, Erskine, H E, Eshrati, B, Esteghamati, A, Fahimi, S, Farid, T A, Farinha, C S E S, Faro, A, Farvid, M S, Farzadfar, F, Feigin, V L, Felicio, M M, Fereshtehnejad, S M, Fernandes, J G, Fernandes, J C, Ferrari, A J, Fischer, F, Fitchett, J R A, Fitzmaurice, C, Foigt, N, Foreman, K, Fowkes, F G R, Franca, E B, Franklin, R C, Fraser, M, Friedman, J, Frostad, J, Fürst, T, Gabbe, B, Garcia-Basteiro, A L, Gebre, T, Gebrehiwot, T T, Gebremedhin, A T, Gebru, A A, Gessner, B D, Gillum, R F, Ginawi, I A M, Giref, A Z, Giroud, M, Gishu, M D, Godwin, W, Gona, P, Goodridge, A, Gopalani, S V, Gotay, C C, Goto, A, Gouda, H N, Graetz, N, Greenwell, K F, Griswold, M, Guo, Y, Gupta, R, Gupta, V, Gutiérrez, R A, Gyawali, B, Haagsma, J A, Haakenstad, A, Hafezi-Nejad, N, Haile, D, Hailu, G B, Halasa, Y A, Hamadeh, R R, Hamidi, S, Hammami, M, Hankey, G J, Harb, H L, Haro, J M, Hassanvand, M S, Havmoeller, R, Heredia-Pi, I B, Hoek, H W, Horino, M, Horita, N, Hosgood, H D, Hoy, D G, Htet, A S, Hu, G, Huang, H, Iburg, K M, Idrisov, B T, Inoue, M, Islami, F, Jacobs, T A, Jacobsen, K H, Jahanmehr, N, Jakovljevic, M B, James, P, Jansen, H A F M, Javanbakht, M, Jayatilleke, A U, Jee, S H, Jeemon, P, Jha, V, Jiang, Y, Jibat, T, Jin, Y, Jonas, J B, Kabir, Z, Kalkonde, Y, Kamal, R, Kan, H, Kandel, A, Karch, A, Karema, C K, Karimkhani, C, Karunapema, P, Kasaeian, A, Kassebaum, N J, Kaul, A, Kawakami, N, Kayibanda, J F, Keiyoro, P N, Kemmer, L, Kemp, A H, Kengne, A P, Keren, A, Kesavachandran, C N, Khader, Y S, Khan, A R, Khan, E A, Khan, G, Khang, Y H, Khoja, T A M, Khosravi, A, Khubchandani, J, Kieling, C, Kim, C I, Kim, D, Kim, S, Kim, Y J, Kimokoti, R W, Kissoon, N, Kivipelto, M, Knibbs, L D, Kokubo, Y, Kolte, D, Kosen, S, Kotsakis, G A, Koul, P A, Koyanagi, A, Kravchenko, M, Krueger, H, Defo, B K, Kuchenbecker, R S, Kuipers, E J, Kulikoff, X R, Kulkarni, V S, Kumar, G A, Kwan, G F, Kyu, H H, Lal, A, Lal, D K, Lalloo, R, Lam, H, Lan, Q, Langan, S M, Larsson, A, Laryea, D O, Latif, A A, Leasher, J L, Leigh, J, Leinsalu, M, Leung, J, Leung, R, Levi, M, Li, Y, Lind, M, Linn, S, Lipshultz, S E, Liu, P Y, Liu, S, Liu, Y, Lloyd, B K, Lo, L T, Logroscino, G, Lotufo, P A, Lucas, R M, Lunevicius, R, El Razek, M M A, Magis-Rodriguez, C, Mahdavi, M, Majdan, M, Majeed, A, Malekzadeh, R, Malta, D C, Mapoma, C C, Margolis, D J, Martin, R V, Martinez-Raga, J, Masiye, F, Mason-Jones, A J, Massano, J, Matzopoulos, R, Mayosi, B M, McGrath, J J, McKee, M, Meaney, P A, Mehari, A, Mekonnen, A B, Melaku, Y A, Memiah, P, Memish, Z A, Mendoza, W, Mensink, G B M, Meretoja, A, Meretoja, T J, Mesfin, Y M, Mhimbira, F A, Micha, R, Miller, T R, Mills, E J, Mirarefin, M, Misganaw, A, Mitchell, P B, Mock, C N, Mohammadi, A, Mohammed, S, Monasta, L, de la Cruz Monis, J, Hernandez, J C M, Montico, M, Moradi-Lakeh, M, Morawska, L, Mori, R, Mueller, U O, Murdoch, M E, Murimira, B, Murray, J, Murthy, G V S, Murthy, S, Musa, K I, Nachega, J B, Nagel, G, Naidoo, K S, Naldi, L, Nangia, V, Neal, B, Nejjari, C, Newton, C R, Newton, J N, Ngalesoni, F N, Nguhiu, P, Nguyen, G, Le Nguyen, Q, Nisar, M I, Pete, P M N, Nolte, S, Nomura, M, Norheim, O F, Norrving, B, Obermeyer, C M, Ogbo, F A, Oh, I H, Oladimeji, O, Olivares, P R, Olusanya, B O, Olusanya, J O, Opio, J N, Oren, E, Ortiz, A, Osborne, R H, Ota, E, Owolabi, M O, PA, M, Park, E K, Park, H Y, Parry, C D, Parsaeian, M, Patel, T, Patel, V, Caicedo, A J P, Patil, S T, Patten, S B, Patton, G C, Paudel, D, Pedro, J M, Pereira, D M, Perico, N, Pesudovs, K, Petzold, M, Phillips, M R, Piel, F B, Pillay, J D, Pinho, C, Pishgar, F, Polinder, S, Poulton, R G, Pourmalek, F, Qorbani, M, Rabiee, R H S, Radfar, A, Rahimi-Movaghar, V, Rahman, M, Rahman, M H U, Rahman, S U, Rai, R K, Rajsic, S, Raju, M, Ram, U, Rana, S M, Ranabhat, C L, Ranganathan, K, Rao, P.C., Refaat, A H, Reitsma, M B, Remuzzi, G, Resnikoff, S, Ribeiro, A L, Blancas, M J R, Roba, H S, Roberts, B, Rodriguez, A, Rojas-Rueda, D, Ronfani, L, Roshandel, G, Roth, G A, Rothenbacher, D, Roy, A, Roy, N, Sackey, B B, Sagar, R, Saleh, M M, Sanabria, J R, Santomauro, D F, Santos, I S, Sarmiento-Suarez, R, Sartorius, B, Satpathy, M, Savic, M, Sawhney, M, Sawyer, S M, Schmidhuber, J, Schmidt, M I, Schneider, I J C, Schutte, A E, Schwebel, D C, Seedat, S, Sepanlou, S G, Servan-Mori, E E, Shackelford, K, Shaheen, A, Shaikh, M A, Levy, T S, Sharma, R, She, J, Sheikhbahaei, S, Shen, J, Sheth, K N, Shey, M, Shi, P, Shibuya, K, Shigematsu, M, Shin, M J, Shiri, R, Shishani, K, Shiue, I, Sigfusdottir, I D, Silpakit, N, Silva, D A S, Silverberg, J I, Simard, E P, Sindi, S, Singh, A, Singh, G M, Singh, J A, Singh, O P, Singh, P K, Skirbekk, V, Sligar, A, Soneji, S, Søreide, K, Sorensen, R J D, Soriano, J B, Soshnikov, S, Sposato, L A, Sreeramareddy, C T, Stahl, H C, Stanaway, J D, Stathopoulou, V, Steckling, N, Steel, N, Stein, D J, Steiner, C, Stöckl, H, Stranges, S, Strong, M, Sun, J, Sunguya, B F, Sur, P, Swaminathan, S, Sykes, B L, Szoeke, C E I, Tabarés-Seisdedos, R, Tabb, K M, Talongwa, R T, Tarawneh, M R, Tavakkoli, M, Taye, B, Taylor, H R, Tedla, B A, Tefera, W, Tegegne, T K, Tekle, D Y, Shifa, G T, Terkawi, A S, Tessema, G A, Thakur, J S, Thomson, A J, Thorne-Lyman, A L, Thrift, A G, Thurston, G D, Tillmann, T, Tobe-Gai, R, Tonelli, M, Topor-Madry, R, Topouzis, F, Tran, B X, Dimbuene, Z T, Tura, A K, Tuzcu, E M, Tyrovolas, S, Ukwaja, K N, Undurraga, E A, Uneke, C J, Uthman, O A, van Donkelaar, A, Varakin, Y Y, Vasankari, T, Vasconcelos, A M N, Veerman, J L, Venketasubramanian, N, Verma, R K, Violante, F S, Vlassov, V V, Volkow, P, Vollset, S E, Wagner, G R, Wallin, M T, Wang, L, Wanga, V, Watkins, D A, Weichenthal, S, Weiderpass, E, Weintraub, R G, Weiss, D J, Werdecker, A, Westerman, R, Whiteford, H A, Wilkinson, J D, Wiysonge, C S, Wolfe, C D A, Wolfe, I, Won, S, Woolf, A D, Workie, S B, Wubshet, M, Xu, G, Yadav, A K, Yakob, B, Yalew, A Z, Yan, L L, Yano, Y, Yaseri, M, Ye, P, Yip, P, Yonemoto, N, Yoon, S J, Younis, M Z, Yu, C, Zaidi, Z, El Sayed Zaki, M, Zambrana-Torrelio, C, Zapata, T, Zegeye, E A, Zhao, Y, Zhou, M, Zodpey, S, Zonies, D, Murray, C J L: Measuring the health-related Sustainable Development Goals in 188 countries: a baseline analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. Lancet 388(10053): 1813-1850, Oct 2016.

GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death Collaborators.: Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. Lancet 388(10053): 1459-1544, Oct 2016.

GBD 2015 DALYs and HALE Collaborators: Kassebaum NJ, Arora M, Barber RM, Bhutta ZA, Brown J, Carter A, Casey DC, Charlson FJ, Coates MM, Coggeshall M, Cornaby L, Dandona L, Dicker DJ, Erskine HE, Ferrari AJ, Fitzmaurice C, Foreman K, Forouzanfar MH, Fullman N, Gething PW, Goldberg EM, Graetz N, Haagsma JA, Johnson CO, Kemmer L, Khalil IA, Kinfu Y, Kutz MJ, Kyu HH, Leung J, Liang X, Lim SS, Lozano R, Mensah GA, Mikesell J, Mokdad AH, Mooney MD, Naghavi M, Nguyen G, Nsoesie E, Pigott DM, Pinho C, Rankin Z, Reinig N, Salomon JA, Sandar L, Smith A, Sorensen RJD, Stanaway J, Steiner,C, Teeple S, Thomas BA, Troeger C, VanderZanden A, Wagner JA, Wanga V, Whiteford HA, Zhou M, Zoeckle, L, Abajobir AA, Abate KH, Abbafati C, Abbas KM, Abd-Allah F, Abraham B, Abubakar I, Abu-Raddad LJ, Abu-Rmeileh ME, Achoki T, Ackerman IN, Adebiyi AO, Adedeji IA, Adsuar JC, Afanvi KA, Afshin A, Agardh EE, Agarwal A Agarwal SK Ahmed MB, Kiadaliri AA, Ahmadieh H, Akseer N, Al-Aly Z, Alam K, Alam NKM, Aldhahri SF, Alegretti MA, Aleman AV, Alemu ZA, Alexander LT, Ali R, Alkerwi A, Alla F, Allebeck P, Alsharif U, Altirkawi KA, Martin EA, Alvis-Guzman N, Amare AT, Amberbir A, Amegah AK, Amini H, Ammar W, Amrock SM, Anderson GM, Anderson BO, Antonio CAT, Anwari P, Ärnlöv J, Arsenijevic VSA, Artaman A, Asayesh H, Asghar RJ, Avokpaho EFG A, Awasthi A, Quintanilla BPA, Azzopard P, Bacha U, Badawi A, Balakrishnan K, Banerjee A, Barac A, Barker-Collo SL, Bärnighausen T, Barregard L, Barrero LH, Basu S, Bayou TA, Beardsley J, Bedi N, Beghi E, Bell B, Bell ML, Benjet C, Bennet, DA, Bensenor IM, Berhane A, Bernabé E, Betsu BD, Beyene AS, Bhala N, Bhansali A, Bhatt S, Biadgilign, S, Bienhoff K, Bikbov B, Abdulha AAB, Bisanzio D, Bjertness E, Blore JD, Borschmann R Boufous S, Bourne RRA, Brainin M Brazinova A Breitborde NJK, Brugha TS Buchbinder R, Buckle GC, Butt ZA, Calabria B, Campos-Nonato IR, Campuzano JC, Carabin H, Carapetis JR, Cárdenas R, Carrero JJ, Castañeda-Orjuela CA, Rivas JC, Catalá-López F, Cavalleri F, Chang JC, Chiang PPC, Chibalabala M, Chibueze CE, Chisumpa VH, Choi JYJ, Choudhury L, Christensen H, Ciobanu LG, Colistro V, Colomar M, Colquhoun SM, Cortinovis M, Crump JA, Damasceno A Dandona R, Dargan PI das Neves J, Davey G, Davis AC, Leo DD, Degenhardt L, Gobbo LCD Derrett S, Jarlais DC D, deVeber A, Dharmaratne SD, Dhillon PK, Ding EL, Doyle KE, Driscoll T R, Duan L, Dubey M, Duncan BB, Ebrahimi H, Ellenbogen RG, Elyazar I, Endries AY, Ermakov SP, Eshrati B, Esteghamati A, Estep K, Fahimi S, Farid TA, Farinha CSES, Faro A, Farvid MS, Farzadfa, F, Feigin VL, Fereshtehnejad SM, Fernande, JG, Fernandes JC, Fischer F, Fitchett JRA, Foigt N, Fowke, FGR, Franklin RC, Friedman J, Frostad J, Fürst T, Futran N D, Gabbe B, Gankpé FG, Garcia-Basteiro AL Gebrehiwot TT, Gebremedhin AT, Geleijnse JM, Gibney KB, Gillum RF, Ginawi IAM, Giref AZ, Giroud M, Gishu MD, Godwin WW, Gomez-Dantes H, Gona P, Goodridge A, Gopalani SV, Gotay CC, Goto A, Gouda HN, Guo Y, Gupta R, Gupta V, Gutiérrez RA, Hafezi-Nejad N, Haile D, Hail, A D, Hailu GB, Halasa YA, Hamadeh RR, Hamidi S, Hammami M, Handal AJ, Hankey GJ, Harb H L, Harikrishnan S, Haro JM, Hassanvand MS, Hassen TA, Havmoeller R, Hay R J, Hedayati MT Heredia-Pi IB, Heydarpour P, Hoek HW, Hoffman DJ, Horino M, Horita N, Hosgood HD, Hoy DG, Hsairi M, Huang H, Huang JJ, Iburg KM, Idrisov BT, Innos K, Inou, M, Jacobsen KH, Jauregui A, Jayatilleke AU, Jeemon P, Jha V, Jiang G, Jiang Y, Jibat T, Jimenez-Corona A, Jin Y, Jonas JB Kabir Z, Kajungu DK, Kalkonde Y, Kamal R, Kan H, Kandel A, Karch A, Karema CK, Karimkhani C, Kasaeian A, Katibeh M, Kaul A, Kawakami N Kazi DS, Keiyoro PN, Kemp AH, Kengne AP, Keren, A, Kesavachandran CN, Khader YS, Khan AR, Khan EA Khang YH, Khoja TAM, Khubchandani J, Kieling C, Kim CI, Kim D, Kim YJ, Kissoon N, Kivipelto M, Knibbs LD, Knudsen AK, Kokubo Y, Kolte D, Kopec JA, Koul PA, Koyanagi A, Defo BK, Kuchenbecker RS, Bicer BK, Kuipers EJ, Kumar GA, Kwan GF, Lalloo R, Lallukka T, Larsson A, Latif AA, Lavados PM, Lawrynowicz AEB, Leasher, JL, Leigh J, Leung R, Li Y, Lipshultz SE, Liu PY, Liu Y Lloyd BK, Logroscino G, Looker KJ, Lotufo PA, Lucas RM, Lunevicius R, Lyons RA, Razek HMAE, Mahdavi M, Majdan M, Majeed A, Malekzadeh R, Malta DC, Marcenes W, Martinez-Raga J, Masiye F, Mason-Jones AJ, Matzopoulos R, Mayosi BM, McGrath JJ, McKee M, Meaney PA, Mehari A, Melaku YA, Memiah, P, Memish ZA, Mendoza W, Meretoja A, Meretoja TJ, Mesfin YM, Mhimbira FA, Miller TR, Mills EJ, Mirarefin M, Mirrakhimov EM, Mitchell PB, Mock CN, Mohammad KA, Mohammadi A, Mohammed S, Monast L, Hernandez JCM, Montico M, Moradi-Lakeh M, Mori R, Mueller UO, Mumford JE, Murdoch ME, Murthy GVS, Nachega JB, Naheed A, Naldi L, Nangia V, Newton JN, Ng M, Ngalesoni FN, Nguyen QL, Nisar MI, Pete PMN, Nolla JM, Norheim OF, Norman RE, Norrving B, Obermeyer CM, Ogbo FA, Oh IH, Oladimeji O, Olivares PR, Olusanya BO, Olusanya JO, Oren E, Ortiz A, Ota E, Oyekale AS, PA M, Park EK, Parsaeian M, Patten SB Patton GC, Pedro JM, Pereira DM, Perico N, Pesudovs K, Petzold M, Phillips MR, Piel FB, Pillay JD, Pishgar F Plass D, Polinder, S, Popova S, Poulton RG, Pourmalek F, Prasad NM, Qorbani M, Rabiee RHS, Radfar A, Rafay A, Rahimi K, Rahimi-Movaghar V, Rahman M, Rahman MHU, Rahman SU, Rai D, Rai RK, Rajsic S, Raju M, Ram U, Ranganathan K, Refaat A H, Reitsma MB, Remuzzi G, Resnikoff S, Reynolds A, Ribeiro AL, Ricci S, Roba HS, Rojas-Rueda D, Ronfani L, Roshandel G, Roth GA, Roy A, Sackey B B, Sagar R, Sanabria JR, Sanchez-Niño MD, Santos IS, Santos V, Sarmiento-Suarez R, Sartorius B, Satpathy M, Savic M, Sawhney M, Schmidt MI, Schneider IJC, Schutte AE, Schwebel DC, Seedat S, Sepanlou SG, Servan-Mori EE, Shahraz S, Shaikh MA, Sharma R, She J, Sheikhbahaei S, Shen J, Sheth K N, Shibuya K, Shigematsu M, Shin MJ, Shiri R, Sigfusdottir ID, Silva DA S, Silverberg JI, Simard EP, Singh A, Singh JA, Singh PK, Skirbekk V, Skogen JC, Soljak M, Søreide K, Sorensen RJD, Sreeramareddy CT, Stathopoulou V, Steel N, Stein DJ, Stein MB, Steiner TJ, Stovner,LJ, Stranges S, Stroumpoulis K Sunguya BF, Su, PJ, Swaminathan S, Sykes BL, Szoeke CEI, Tabarés-Seisdedos R, Tandon N, Tanne D, Tavakkoli M, Taye B, Taylor HR, Ao, BJT, Tegegne TK, Tekle DY, Terkawi AS, Tessema GA, Thakur J S, Thomson AJ, Thorne-Lyman AL, Thrift AG, Thurston GD, Tobe-Gai R, Tonelli M, Topor-Madry R, Topouzis F, Tran BX, Dimbuene ZT, Tsilimbaris M, Tura AK, Tuzcu EM, Tyrovolas S, Ukwaja KN, Undurraga EA, Uneke CJ, Uthman OA, van Gool CH, van Os J, Vasankari T, Vasconcelos AMN, Venketasubramanian N, Violante FS, Vlassov VV, Vollset SE, Wagne, GR, Wallin MT, Wang L, Weichenthal S, Weiderpass E, Weintraub RG, Werdecker A, Westerman R, Wijeratne T, Wilkinson JD, Williams HC, Wiysonge CS, Woldeyohannes SM, Wolfe CDA, Won S, Xu G, Yadav AK, Yakob B, Yan LL, Yano Y, Yaseri M, Ye P, Yip P, Yonemoto N, Yoon SJ, Younis MZ, Yu C, Zaidi Z, Zaki MES, Zeeb H, Zodpey S, Zonies D, Zuhlke LJ, Vos T, Lopez AD, Murray C JL: Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 315 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE), 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. Lancet 388(10053): 1603-1658, Oct 2016.

GBD 2013 Risk Factors Collaborators.: Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. Lancet 388(10053): 1659-1724, Oct 2016.

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