Barbara H Chaiyachati

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Assistant Professor of Pediatrics (General Pediatrics) at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Researcher, Lifespan Brain Institute, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Affiliate Member, Institute for Translational Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Core Faculty, Clinical Futures, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Core Faculty, PolicyLab, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Senior Fellow, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Department: Pediatrics

Contact information
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Department of General Pediatrics
3500 Civic Center Blvd
Philadelphia, PA
BA (Biology)
Macalester College, 2006.
PhD (Cell Biology)
Yale University, 2013.
Yale University School of Medicine, 2015.
Post-Graduate Training
Fellow, Doris Duke Fellowship for the Promotion of Child Well-being, Yale University School of Medicine , 2013-2015.
Resident, General Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 2015-2018.
Fellow, Child Abuse Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 2018-2021.
Post-Doctoral Fellow (NIH T32), Neuropsychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 2020-2022.
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Description of Itmat Expertise

I am working to better our understanding of the health trajectories after early experiences of adversity, with particular attention to actionable points of intervention. I conduct research projects across the translational spectrum from inflammatory consequences of maltreatment in children to policy and advocacy work to better support families. I have a particular clinical interest in strength based care for children and families impacted by substance use.

Selected Publications

Hank Puls, MD; Daniel M. Lindberg, MD; Clemens Noelke, PhD; Barbara H. Chaiyachati; Kristyn Jeffries, MD, MPH; Anna Austin, PhD, MPH; Matt Hall, PhD: The Predictive Validity of Measures of Community Advantage for Child Physical Abuse and Unintentional Injury Hospitalizations Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) 2024 Meeting, May 2-6, in Toronto, Canada. May 2024.

Krass P, Brogan L, Chaiyachati BH, Quarshie W, Min J, Joshi P, Doupnik SA, Fein JA: Youth with Suicidality in the Emergency Department: Factors Associated with Self-Reported Outpatient Mental Healthcare. Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) 2024 Meeting, May 2-6, in Toronto, Canada. May 2024.

Gretchen Bandoli, Florencia Anunziata, Ryan Bogdan, Anna Zilverstand, Barbara H. Chaiyachati, Kelly K. Gurka, Elinor Sullivan, Julie Croff, Ludmila N. Bakhireva,: Assessment of substance exposures in nail clipping samples: A systematic review. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 254, January 2024.

Tadesse, A., Chaiyachati, B., Yehya, N., Himebauch, A., & Keim, G.: Incidence Rates of Abusive Head Trauma Hospitalizations Preceding and During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Critical Care Medicine 51(1), 2024.

White*, L.K., Himes*, M.M., Waller, R., Njoroge, W.F.M., Chaiyachati, B.H., Barzilay, R., Kornfield, S.L., Burris, H.H., Seidlitz, J., Parish-Morris, J., Brady, R.G., Gerstein, E.D., Laney, N., Gur, R.E. Duncan, A.F.: The Influence of Pandemic-Related Worries During Pregnancy on Child Development at 12 Months. Child Psychiatry and Human Development October 2023.

Davida M Schiff, Serra Muftu, Kathryn Dee L MacMillan, Erin C Work, Bettina B Hoeppner, Shelly F Greenfield, Leah Schwartz, Barbara Chaiyachati, Timothy E Wilens, Judith A Bernstein: Mutual mistrust: the multilayered experiences at the intersection of healthcare and early parenting among mothers with opioid use disorder. Journal of Addiction Medicine October 2023.

Wallis, K.E., Wozniak, S., Chaiyachati, B.H., Craig, S., Guthrie, W., Montoya-Williams, D., Worsley, D. : Primary Care Provider Perspectives on Autism Screening: A Multi-Methods Study of Barriers to Equitable Referral. Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics Conference - Minneapolis, MN September 2023.

Chaiyachati BH, Bosk E, Schiff DM.: The White House’s Strategic Plan to Address the Opioid Crisis. JAMA June 2023.

Lee, J. Y., Steelesmith, D. L., Chaiyachati, B. H., Kirsch, J., Rao, S., & Fontanella, C. A.: Child Welfare System-Level Factors Associated with All-Cause Mortality Among Children in Foster Care in the United States, 2009–2018. Child Maltreatment May 2023.

White, L.K., Kornfield, S.L., Himes, M.M., Forkpa, M., Waller, R., Njoroge, W.F.M., Barzilay, R., Chaiyachati, B.H., Burris, H.H., Duncan, A.F., Seidlitz, J., Parish-Morris, J., Elovitz, M.A., Gur, R.E.: The Protective Role of Postpartum Social Support on Negative Postpartum Outcomes During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Archives of Women's Mental Health May 2023.

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Last updated: 01/16/2024
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