Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Penn AMSA - Committee for Smoking Legislation Reform

Health Information

It has been clear for much time that cigarette smoking is harmful to the health of smokers and non-smokers alike. Listed below is an incomplete list of the harmful effects of both second-hand and mainstream smoke. Also below is a link to an informative and helpful website from the The New York City Department of Health and Men

Although most of us know that smoking increases one's risk for a variety of cancers, most notably lung cancer, many are unaware of the other harmful effects of smoking. As we go through our studies, we will identify those not-so-obvious effects of smoking. This list is under construction and is by no means exhaustive!

Specific references for some of the conditions can be found below. Otherwise, the information can be readily found in Robbins Pathologic Basis of Disease, 7th Ed.



The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene has created a wonderful site to learn about the harmful effects of second-hand smoke.


  1. Knoll M et al. Biol Reprod 1995: 53 (29-37)
  2. Knoll M, Talbot P Reprod Toxicol 1998: 12 (57-68)
  3. DiCarlantonio S, Talbot P Biol Reprod 1999: 61 (651-656)
  4. Saraiya M, et al. Am J Obset & Gynecol 1998: 178 (493-498)
  5. Handler A., et al. Am J Public Health 1989: 79 (1239-42)


Last updated: 07/25/2011