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Martin Peter Carroll, MD

Martin Peter Carroll, MD

faculty photo
Associate Professor of Medicine
Department: Medicine
Graduate Group Affiliations

Contact information
Room 715, BRB II/III
421 Curie Blvd.
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Office: (215) 573-5217
Fax: (215) 573-7049
A.B. (English and American Literature)
Harvard College, Cambridge, MA, 1982.
M.D. (Medicine)
Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH, 1988.
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Description of Research Expertise

Research Interests
Molecular biology of leukemia

Key words: Leukemia, BCR/ABL, signal transduction, PI3 kinase.

Description of Research
My laboratory is broadly interested in the molecular biology of leukemia. There are two active areas of research in the laboratory. The first project focused on acute myeloid leukemia (AML). AML has been hypothesized to arise from a combination of oncogenic translocations that disrupt cellular disruption and dysregulation of cellular growth regulatory mechanisms. Although a number of translocations are identified which block differentiation in AML cells, the mechanism of increased cell growth is poorly understood. We are working to understand the signal transduction pathways activated in primary cells from patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We have recently found that over 80% of AML patient samples have activation of the PI3 kinase signaling pathway and that these cells require activation of the PI3 kinase pathway for survival. We are continuing to work on the PI3 kinase pathway in these primary patient cells in order to determine the exact role of the pathway in AML. Experiments are in progress to test the use of PI3 kinase pathway inhibitors in the therapy of AML using a NOD/SCID xenograft model of the disease. We are also working to develop improved culture conditions for primary AML cells in order to define the growth regulatory pathways that maintain the survival of these cells in patients.

A second project involves the role of genomic instability in progression of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) from the chronic phase to the terminal blast crisis phase of disease. CML arises because of the t(9;22) translocation which gives rise to the BCR/ABL oncogene. Extensive work has shown that BCR/ABL is a constitutively activated tyrosine kinase that leads to constitutive activation of signal transduction pathways in leukemic cells causing their aberrant growth. However, the role of BCR/ABL in progression to blast crisis is unknown. We have recently demonstrated that BCR/ABL alters the cellular response to DNA damage. After DNA damage, BCR/ABL translocates from the cytoplasm to the nucleus. In the nucleus, the oncogene associates with and disrupts the function of the ataxia-telangiectasia and rad 3 related (ATR) protein which regulates cell cycle checkpoints and DNA repair. We are actively working on trying to define the mechanism of translocation and association with ATR in order to better understand the role of BCR/ABL in progression of this disease.

Rotation Projects
1. Understanding the effects of hypoxia on growth of MDS cells.
2. Defining targets of mTOR signaling in AML.
3. Effects of BCR/ABL on genomic instability.

Lab personnel:
Jamil Dierov PhD, DS. - Staff Scientist
James Thompson, M.D. - Research Associate
Patty Sanchez, Ph.D. - Postdoctoral Fellow
Xiiowei Yang, Ph.D. - Postdoctoral Fellow
Beth Burke - Graduate Student
Kristin Brennan - Research Specialist

Description of Clinical Expertise

Leukemia and myelodysplastic syndromes

Selected Publications

Hurtz Christian, Wertheim Gerald B, Loftus Joseph P, Blumenthal Daniel, Lehman Anne, Li Yong, Bagashev Asen, Manning Bryan, Cummins Katherine D, Burkhardt Janis K, Perl Alexander E, Carroll Martin, Tasian Sarah K: Oncogene-independent BCR-like signaling adaptation confers drug resistance in Ph-like ALL. The Journal of clinical investigation Mar 2020.

Abshiru, N. A., Sikora, J. W., Camarillo, J. M., Morris, J. A., Compton, P. D., Lee, T., Neelamraju, Y., Haddox, S., Sheridan, C., Carroll, M., Cripe, L. D., Tallman, M. S., Paietta, E. M., Melnick, A. M., Thomas, P. M., Garrett-Bakelman, F. E., Kelleher, N. L.: Targeted detection and quantitation of histone modifications from 1,000 cells. PLoS One 15(10): e0240829, 2020.

Carroll, M.: A common protein target for an uncommon subtype of AML. Blood 136(4): 377-378, 2020.

Miles, L. A., Bowman, R. L., Merlinsky, T. R., Csete, I. S., Ooi, A. T., Durruthy-Durruthy, R., Bowman, M., Famulare, C., Patel, M. A., Mendez, P., Ainali, C., Demaree, B., Delley, C. L., Abate, A. R., Manivannan, M., Sahu, S., Goldberg, A. D., Bolton, K. L., Zehir, A., Rampal, R., Carroll, M. P., Meyer, S. E., Viny, A. D., Levine, R. L.: Single-cell mutation analysis of clonal evolution in myeloid malignancies. Nature 2020.

Kawabata, K. C., Zong, H., Meydan, C., Wyman, S., Wouters, B. J., Sugita, M., Goswami, S., Albert, M., Yip, W., Roboz, G. J., Chen, Z., Delwel, R., Carroll, M. P., Mason, C., Melnick, A., Guzman, M. L.: BCL6 maintains survival and self-renewal of primary human acute myeloid leukemia cells. Blood 2020.

Fagnan, A., Bagger, F. O., Piqué-Borràs, M. R., Ignacimouttou, C., Caulier, A., Lopez, C. K., Robert, E., Uzan, B., Gelsi-Boyer, V., Aid, Z., Thirant, C., Moll, U., Tauchmann, S., Kurtovic-Kozaric, A., Maciejewski, J., Dierks, C., Spinelli, O., Salmoiraghi, S., Pabst, T., Shimoda, K., Deleuze, V., Lapillonne, H., Sweeney, C., De Mas, V., Leite, B., Kadri, Z., Malinge, S., de Botton, S., Micol, J. B., Kile, B., Carmichael, C. L., Iacobucci, I., Mullighan, C. G., Carroll, M., Valent, P., Bernard, O. A., Delabesse, E., Vyas, P., Birnbaum, D., Anguita, E., Garçon, L., Soler, E., Schwaller, J., Mercher, T.: Human erythroleukemia genetics and transcriptomes identify master transcription factors as functional disease drivers. Blood 136(6): 698-714, 2020.

Cai, Z., Aguilera, F., Ramdas, B., Daulatabad, S. V., Srivastava, R., Kotzin, J. J., Carroll, M., Wertheim, G., Williams, A., Janga, S. C., Zhang, C., Henao-Mejia, J., Kapur, R.: Targeting Bim via a lncRNA Morrbid Regulates the Survival of Preleukemic and Leukemic Cells. Cell Rep 31(12): 107816, 2020.

McMahon Christine M, Canaani Jonathan, Rea Bryan, Sargent Rachel L, Qualtieri Julianne N, Watt Christopher D, Morrissette Jennifer J D, Carroll Martin, Perl Alexander E: Gilteritinib induces differentiation in relapsed and refractory -mutated acute myeloid leukemia. Blood advances 3(10): 1581-1585, May 2019.

Duy Cihangir, Teater Matt, Garrett-Bakelman Francine E, Lee Tak C, Meydan Cem, Glass Jacob L, Li Meng, Hellmuth Johannes C, Mohammad Helai P, Smitheman Kimberly N, Shih Alan H, Abdel-Wahab Omar, Tallman Martin S, Guzman Monica L, Muench David, Grimes H Leighton, Roboz Gail J, Kruger Ryan G, Creasy Caretha L, Paietta Elisabeth M, Levine Ross L, Carroll Martin, Melnick Ari M: Rational Targeting of Cooperating Layers of the Epigenome Yields Enhanced Therapeutic Efficacy against AML. Cancer discovery 9(7): 872-889, May 2019.

McMahon Christine M, Ferng Timothy, Canaani Jonathan, Wang Eunice S, Morrissette Jennifer Jd, Eastburn Dennis J, Pellegrino Maurizio, Durruthy-Durruthy Robert, Watt Christopher D, Asthana Saurabh, Lasater Elisabeth A, DeFilippis RosaAnna, Peretz Cheryl A C, McGary Lisa H F, Deihimi Safoora, Logan Aaron C, Luger Selina M, Shah Neil P, Carroll Martin, Smith Catherine C, Perl Alexander E: Clonal selection with Ras pathway activation mediates secondary clinical resistance to selective FLT3 inhibition in acute myeloid leukemia. Cancer discovery 9(8): 1050-1063, May 2019.

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Last updated: 11/03/2020
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