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Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania Advanced Search

Michelle Jillian Johnson, PhD

Michelle Jillian Johnson, PhD

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Assistant Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Department: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Contact information
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
1800 Lombard Street
Philadelphia, PA 19146
Office: 215 893-2665
Fax: 215 893-2686
Lab: 215 893-2965
BS (Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics)
University of Pennsylvania, 1990.
MS (Mechanical Engineering (Emphasis in Robot Mechanical System)
University of California, 1994.
PhD (Mechanical Engineering (Emphasis in Robotics, Design, Controls and Mechatronics)
Stanford University, 2002.
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Description of Research Expertise

My research is mainly in the area of robot-mediated rehabilitation. I am focused on the investigation and rehabilitation of dysfunction due to aging, neural disease, and neural injury. I am particularly interested in 1) exploring the relationships between brain plasticity and behavioral/motor control changes after robot-assisted interventions; 2)quantifying motor impairment and motor control of the upper limb in real world tasks such as drinking; and 3) defining the methods to maintain therapeutic effectiveness while administering local and remote, robot-mediated interventions.

I direct the Rehabilitation Robotics Lab. This is a new Lab within the Department of Physical, Medicine, and Rehabilitation in the Perelman School of Medicine. The Rehabilitation Robotics Lab mission is to use robotics,rehabilitation,and neuroscience techniques to translate research findings into the development of assistive and therapeutic rehabilitation robots capable of functioning in real-world rehabilitation environments. Our goal is to improve the quality of life and function on activities of daily living (ADLs) of our target population in supervised or under-supervised settings.

Keywords (in alphabetical order): Brain Plasticity, Design, Controls, Motor Control, Robotics, Rehabilitation, Stroke, Therapy, Upper Limb

Selected Publications

Michelle J Johnson, Sandra Montes and Karla Bustamante: TheraDrive in a Robot Gym: Toward Stroke Rehabilitation Beyond Inpatient Rehabilitation Settings in USA and Mexico BIOSTEC 2014 - International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies. scitepress, Apr 2014.

Theriault, Andrew; Nagurka, Mark; Johnson, Michelle J : Design and Development of an Affordable Haptic Robot with Force-Feedback and Compliant Actuation to Improve Therapy for Patients with Severe Hemiparesis. IEEE Trans Haptics. J. Edward Colgate (eds.). IEEE Computer Society 7(2): 161-74, Apr-Jun 2014 Notes: doi: 10.1109/TOH.2013.51.

Leah R Enders, Pilwon Hur, Michelle J Johnson, Na Jin Seo: Remote vibrotactile noise improves light touch sensation in stroke survivors' fingertips via stochastic resonance. J Neuroeng Rehabil. Biomed Central, 10: 105, oct 2013 Notes: doi: 10.1186/1743-0003-10-105.

M Johnson, D Hughes, D Holley, A Theriault, J Krzak, A Graf, J Gilliam: Design of a Bilateral ADL Task-Oriented, Robot Therapy Environment for Children with Cerebral Palsy. Proceedings of the American Society of Biomechanics American Society of Biomechanics September 4-7 2013.

Lei Y, Johnson MJ, Wang J : Separation of visual and motor workspaces during targeted reaching results in limited generalization of visuomotor adaptation. Neurosci Lett 541: 243-7, May 2013.

Xu R, Johnson MJ: Evaluating Reach and Grasp after Stroke with a Custom MR-Conditional Upper Extremity Reach and Grasp System. IEEE International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics 2012 Notes: conference proceedings.

Hui B, Hughes D, Wu H, Bhatti O, Zhao S, Johnson MJ: An MRI-Safe Algometer to Study Phantom Limb Pain. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2012 Notes: conference proceedings.

Pathak Y, Johnson MJ: An Upper Limb Robot Model of Children Limb for Cerebal Palsy NeuroRehabilitation. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2012 Notes: conference proceedings.

Johnson MJ, Wang S, Bai P, Strachota E, Tchekanov G, Melbye J, McGuire J: Bilateral assessment of functional tasks for robot-assisted therapy applications. Med Biol Eng Comput. doi: 10.1007/s11517-011-0817-0. Epub 2011 Sep 1. 49(10): 1157-1171, Oct 2011.

Johnson MJ, Shakya Y, Strachota E, Ahamed SI: Low-cost monitoring of patients during unsupervised robot/computer assisted motivating stroke rehabilitation. Biomed Tech (Berl). doi: 10.1515/BMT.2010.050. Epub 2010 Nov 30. 56(1): 5-9, Feb 2011.

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Last updated: 08/28/2014
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