Peter Foster Cronholm, MD, MSCE, CAQHPM, FAAFP

faculty photo
Professor of Family Medicine and Community Health at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Medical Staff, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Medical Staff, Penn Presbyterian Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA
Associate, Firearm and Injury Center at Penn, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Senior Fellow, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Affiliate Faculty, Graduate Program in Public Health Studies, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Senior Fellow, Center for Public Health Initiatives, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Faculty Affiliate, The Evelyn Jacobs Ortner-Unity Program in Family Violence at the University of Pennsylvania School of Social Policy & Practice, Philadelphia, PA
Medical Staff, Penn Medicine at Rittenhouse (LTACH - Long Term Acute Care Hospital), Philadelphia, PA
Senior Fellow, Center for Health Behavior Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Member, Anna T. Meadows Society for Clinician Educators at the Perelman School of Medicine
Director, Mixed Methods Research Lab [http://www.med.upenn.edu/mmrl/], Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Pennsylvania, Phil, PA
Vice Chair for Research, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
URSponsored Mentor, Co-sponsored by the Alliance of Minority Physicians (AMP) and FOCUS on Health & Leadership
Department: Family Medicine and Community Health

Contact information
51 North 39th Street
Andrew Mutch Building, 6th Floor
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Office: (215) 662-8826
Fax: 215-243-4601
Education:
Honors BS (Major: Physics; Minors: Mathematics and Philosophy)
University of Delaware , 1993.
(Graduate Studies in Physics)
University of Delaware , 1994.
MD (Medicine)
Temple University School of Medicine, 1998.
MSCE (Epidemiology & Biostatistics)
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2004.
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Description of Research Expertise

Peter Cronholm, MD, MSCE, CAQHPM, FAAFP, is an Associate Professor, Vice Chair for Research, Director of Community Programs, and Associate Program Director, in the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health (DFMCH) at the Perelman School of Medicine at UPenn. He has additional training in biostatistics, mixed methods, and epidemiology with content expertise in program evaluation, implementation science, and the science of community engagement. Dr. Cronholm's research interests have focused on mitigating health disparities through community-engaged health services with attention to: 1) the integration of trauma-informed care and primary prevention strategies into systems of care; and 2) expanding the role of mixed methodologies and patient-centered outcomes into research paradigms. He has developed and currently serve as the Director of the University of Pennsylvania’s Mixed Methods Research Lab (MMRL) – A university Service Center housed within DFMCH.

Description of Clinical Expertise

Primary Care, Men's Health, Preventive Care, Intimate Partner Violence, Childhood Adversity

Description of Other Expertise

Trauma Informed Care, Intimate Partner Violence, Adverse Childhood Experiences, Patients with Medical and Social Complexity, Social Determinants of Health, Health Equity, Men's Health, Preventive Care, Community-Based Participatory Research, Mixed Methods Research, Medical Education

Selected Publications

Cronholm PF, Fogerty CT, Ambuel B, Harrison SL: Intimate Partner Violence. Am Fam Physician 83(10): 1165-72, May 15, 2011 Notes: Selected as cover article.

Jaeger JR, Spielman D, Cronholm PF, Applebaum S, Holmes WC: Screening male primary care patients for intimate partner violence perpetration. J Gen Intern Med 23(8): 1152-6, March, 2008.

Cronholm PF: Intimate Partner Violence and Men's Health. Prim Care 33(1): 199-209, March, 2006.

Keeshin B, Cronholm PF, Strawn J: Physiologic changes associated with violence and abuse exposure: An examination of related medical conditions. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse 13(1): 41-56, January, 2012.

Cronholm PF, Shea JA, Werner RM, Miller-Day M, Tufano J, Crabtree BF, Gabbay R: The Patient Centered Medical Home: Mental Models and Practice Culture Driving the Transformation Process. J Gen Intern Med Page: 1-7, March 29, 2013 Notes: Online First: (DOI) 10.1007/s11606-013-2415-3.

Gabbay RA, Friedberg MW, Miller-Day M, Cronholm PF, Adelman A, Schneider EC: A Positive Deviance Approach to Understanding Key Features to Achieving Diabetes Clinical Improvement in the Medical Home. Ann Fam Med 11(Suppl 1): S99-S107, May 1, 2013.

Cronholm PF, Ellison W, Mazzella S, Witherspoon M, Bowman Lim J, Lapp T, Coleman G: Fathering agency staff members' perspectives on domestic violence perpetration. Am J Men's Health 5(1): 47-56, January, 2011.

Cronholm PF, Bowman MA: Women with safety concerns report fewer gender-specific preventive healthcare services. J Women’s Health 18(7): 1011-8, July, 2009.

Cronholm PF, Margo K, Bazelon G, Bream KDW, Bennett IM, Barg FK: Student attitudes: Potential barriers to implementing a community medicine field activity. Fam Med 41(1): 22-7, January, 2009.

Cronholm PF, Bennett IM, Neill R: Effects of mandatory parental notification on adolescents' use of sexual health care services. [comment] JAMA 288(23): 2970, December, 2002.

Cronholm, PF: Chronic pain syndromes. In: Musculoskeletal Medicine. Bernstein, J (eds.). American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Page: 225-33, October, 2003.

Nicholson JM, Kellar LC, Cronholm PF, Macones GA: Active management of risk in pregnancy at term in an urban population: An association between a higher induction rate and a lower cesarean delivery rate. Am J Obstet Gynecol 191(15): 1516-28, November, 2004 Notes: Editor’s choice article. Covering editorial: Socol M. Elective induction: Should we make a fuss? Am J Obstet and Gynecol 2004;191(5):1509-1510.

Bogner HR, Wittink MN, Merz JF, Straton JB, Cronholm, PF, Rabins PV, Gallo JJ: Personal characteristics of older primary care patients who provide a buccal swab for Apolipoprotein E testing and banking of genetic material: The Spectrum Study. Community Genet 7(4): 202-10, January, 2004.

Frosch DL, Krueger PM, Hornik RC, Cronholm PF, Barg FK: Creating demand for prescription drugs: A content analysis of television Direct-to-Consumer Advertising. Ann Fam Med 5(1): 6-13, January, 2007.

Cronholm PF: The importance of relapse [in domestic violence] Ann Fam Med June, 2004 Notes: Invited Commentary [http://www.annfammed.org/cgi/eletters/2/3/231#773]

Cronholm PF: The primary care management of intimate partner violence: A health services issue. Ann Fam Med June, 2005 Notes: Invited Commentary [http://annalsfm.highwire.org/cgi/eletters/3/3/248#2122]

Cronholm PF: Continuity Care and Domestic Violence. Ann Fam Med September, 2005 Notes: Invited Commentary [http://www.annfammed.org/cgi/eletters/3/5/462#3514]

Cronholm PF, Straton JB: Chronic Pain. In: In a Page - Symptoms and Signs. S. Kahan and E. Smith (eds.). Blackwell Science, Page: 34, March, 2003.

Bennett I, Cronholm P, Neill R, and Chism L: Confidential reproductive care for adolescents. Am Fam Physician 69(5): 1056-8, March, 2004.

Nicholson JM, Kellar LC, Cronholm PF: How to prevent caesarean deliveries deserves more study. [Comment] Brit Med J 330(7494): 790, April, 2005.

Cronholm PF: Domestic Violence. In: Essential Family Medicine [Student Consult], 3rd Edition. Rakel RE (eds.). Saunders, June, 2006.

Cronholm PF, Straton JB, Jaeger JR: Intimate partner violence: Identification, treatment and associations with men's health. In: Intimate Partner Violence - A Resource for Professionals Working with Children and Families. Giardino AP, Giardino ER (eds.). STM Learning Inc., St Louis, MO, Page: 285-302, 2010.

Cronholm PF, Straton JB: Practical statistics for the ICU clinician. In: Avoiding common ICU errors. Marcucci L, Martinez E, Haut E, Slonim A, Suarez J (eds.). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Page: 777-83, November, 2007.

Barg FK, Cronholm PF, Straton JB, Keddem S, Knott K, Grater J, Houts P, Palmer SC: Unmet psychosocial needs of Pennsylvanians with cancer: 1986-2005. Cancer 110(3): 631-9, August, 2007.

Cronholm PF, Mao JJ, Nguyen GT, Paris RT: A dilemma in male engagement in preventive services: Adolescent Males’ Knowledge and Attitudes towards Testicular Cancer and Testicular Self-Exam. Am J Men's Health 3(2): 134-40, June, 2009.

Cronholm PF, Straton JB: Know what the basic statistical terms mean. In: Avoiding common anesthesia errors. Marcucci C, Cohen NA, Metro D, Kirsch JA (eds.). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Page: 852-7, July, 2008.

Cronholm PF, Witherspoon M: Child abuse and neglect. In: Essential Evidence. Ebell MH, Ferenchick G, Smith M, Barry H, Slawson D, Shaughnessy A, Forsch R, Li S, Wilkes M, Usatine R (eds.). John Wiley & Sons: Hoboken, NJ, November, 2009.

Cronholm PF, Pittman K: Domestic violence. In: Essential Evidence. Ebell MH, Ferenchick G, Smith M, Barry H, Slawson D, Shaughnessy A, Forsch R, Li S, Wilkes M, Usatine R (eds.). John Wiley & Sons: Hoboken NJ, August, 2009.

Nicholson JM, Kellar LC, Cronholm PF, Macones GA: Active management of risk in pregnancy at term in an urban population: an association between higher induction of labor rates and lower cesarean delivery rates. Am J Obstet Gynecol 189(Suppl 1): S131, December, 2003.

Straton JB, Bogner HR, Cronholm PF, Gallo JJ: Older primary care patients worry about advance care planning discussions. J Am Geriatr Soc 51(4): S154-5, April, 2003.

Nicholson JM, Caughey AB, Stenson M, Kellar LC, Cronholm PF: The active management of risk in multiparous patients at term: an association between a higher preventive induction of labor rate and a lower cesarean delivery rate. Am J Obstet Gynecol 195(Suppl): S99, 2006.

Bream KDW, Margo K, Cronholm PF, Bennett IM, Barg FK: Building empathy? Reinforcing classism? An RCT of a mandatory community field experience in Family Medicine. Teach Learn Med 20(1): 84-5, January, 2008.

Mao JJ, Palmer S, Straton JB, Cronholm PF, Keddem S, Knott K, Bowman MA, Barg FK: Cancer survivors with unmet needs were more likely to use complementary and alternative medicine. J Cancer Surviv 2(2): 116-24, June, 2008.

McCray LW, Cronholm PF, Bogner HR, Gallo JJ, Neill RA: Resident physician burnout: Is there hope? Fam Med 40(9): 626-32, October, 2008.

Nicholson J, Caughey A, Stenson M, Kellar L, Cronholm PF, Bennett IM: The Active Management of Risk in Multiparous Women at Term: an association between a higher preventive labor induction rate and a lower cesarean delivery rate. Am J Obstet Gynecol 200(3): 134-40, March, 2009 Notes: Editor's Choice.

Thornton E, Cronholm PF, McCray LW, Webner D: Does marathon training adversely affect baseline anxiety levels? J Am Med Athlet Assoc 21(3): 5-13, Fall, 2008.

Cronholm, PF, Straton JB, Bowman MA: Methodology and Outcomes of a Family Medicine Research Fellowship. Acad Med 84(8): 1111-7, August, 2009.

Pailler ME, Cronholm PF, Barg FK, Wintersteen MB, Diamond GS, Fein JA: Adolescents' and Caregivers' Beliefs about Depression Screening and Referral in the Emergency Department. Pediatr Emerg Care 25(11): 721-7, November, 2009.

Nicholson JM, Cronholm P, Kellar LC, Stenson M, Macones GA: The association between increased use of labor induction and reduced rate of cesarean delivery. J Women's Health 18(11): 1747-58, November, 2009 Notes: Covering editorial: Caughey AB. Preventive induction of labor: Can its use lower the cesarean delivery rate? J Women's Health. December 2009; 18(11): 1743-1745.

Cronholm PF, Barg FK, Pailler ME, Wintersteen MB, Diamond G, Fein JA: Adolescent Depression: Views of Health Care Providers in a Pediatric Emergency Department. Pediatr Emerg Care 26(2): 111-7, February, 2010.

Cronholm PF, Singh V: Health service collaborations in the engagement of intimate partner violence perpetration. Ann Fam Med January, 2009 Notes: Invited Commentary [http://www.annfammed.org/cgi/eletters/7/1/47#10494]

Cronholm PF, Nguyen GT, Barg FK: The health service burden of "low-impact" Direct-to-Consumer Advertising. Ann Fam Med January, 2009 Notes: Invited Commentary [http://www.annfammed.org/cgi/eletters/7/1/41#10517]

Cronholm PF, Lapp T, Cronholm LS: Dealing with perpetrators. In: Family violence - What health care providers need to know. Fife R, Schrager S (eds.). Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC, Sudbury, MA, Page: 199-207, 2012.

Ismailji T, Callahan M, Mettner J: Academy on Violence and Abuse, Highlights of Proceedings from the 2009 Conference: Sowing Seeds of Academic Change-Nurturing New Paradigms. Trauma Violence Abuse 11(2): 83-93, April, 2010.

Mao JJ, Cronholm PF, Stein E, Straton JB, Palmer SC, Barg FK: Spiritual change and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among cancer survivors. Integr Cancer Ther 9(4): 339-47, December, 2010.

Lenahan P, Reilly J, Crawford LK, Cronholm PF, Wong RY, Baldwin C, Metal M: Hard Lives: Trauma from Abuse and Violence. In: Cinemeducation - Using Film and Other Visual Media in Graduate and Medical Education. Alexander M, Lenahan P, and Pavlov A (eds.). Radcliffe Publishing Ltd, London, 2: 216-36, 2012.

Strom BL, Schinnar R, Jones J, Bilker W, Weiner M, Hennessy S, Leonard C, Cronholm PF, Pifer E: Detecting Pregnancy Use of Non-hormonal Category X Medications in Electronic Medical Records. J Am Med Inform Assn 18: i81-6, November, 2011.

Cronholm PF, Nicklin DE: Is spinal manipulation an effective treatment for low back pain? No: Evidence Shows No Clinically Significant Benefit Over Watchful Waiting. Am Fam Physician 85(8): 763-4, April 15, 2012 Notes: Invited Commentary/Editorial - “Controversies in Family Medicine” series.

Cronholm PF, Bair-Merritt MH: Health effects of domestic abuse. In: The Encyclopedia of Domestic Violence and Abuse. Finley L (eds.). ABC-CLIO, LLC., Santa Barbara, CA, Page: 195-7, 2013.

Cronholm PF, Bair-Merritt MH: Physicians, healthcare providers, and domestic abuse. In: The Encyclopedia of Domestic Violence and Abuse. Finley L (eds.). ABC-CLIO, LLC., Santa Barbara, CA, Page: 402-7, 2013.

Webner D, DuPrey KM, Drezner JA, Cronholm PF, Roberts WO: Sudden cardiac arrest in United States marathons. Med Sci Sport Exer 44(10): 1843-5, October, 2012.

Cronholm PF, Fogerty CT, Ambuel B, Harrison SL: Qualitative Benefits of Screening for Intimate Partner Violence. Am Fam Physician 85(10): Online, May 15, 2012.

Cronholm PF: Too much too late: Primary care frustrations. Fam Med 45(6): 434-5, June 11, 2013 Notes: Narrative Essay.

Cronholm PF, Klusaritz H, Farhat N: Culturally Competent Approaches to Identifying and Responding to Intimate Partner Violence in Arab Communities. Ann Fam Med June 29, 2012 Notes: Invited Commentary/Editorial: http://www.annfammed.org/content/10/3/213.full/reply#annalsfm_el_25030.

Cronholm PF, Ismailji T, Mettner J: Academy on Violence and Abuse: Highlights of Proceedings from the 2011 Conference, “Toward a New Understanding” Trauma, Violence, and Abuse 14(4): 271-281, October, 2013.

Holmes N, Cronholm PF, Duffy AJ, Webner D: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug use in American collegiate football players. Clin J Sport Med 23(4): 283-6, July, 2013.

Nguyen GT, Cronholm PF: The annual female pelvic exam: Preventive time not well spent. Am Fam Physician 87(1): 8-9, January 1, 2013 Notes: Invited Commentary/Editorial.

Tomoaia-Cotisel A, Scammon DL, Waitzman NJ, Cronholm PF, Halladay JR, Driscoll DL, Solberg LI, Hsu C, Tai-Seale M, Hiratsuka V, Shih SC, Fetters MD, Wise CG, Alexander JA, Hauser D, McMullen CK, Scholle SH, Tirodkar MA, Schmidt L, Donahue KE, Parchman ML, Stange KC: Context Matters: The experience of 14 research teams in systematically reporting contextual factors important for practice change. Ann Fam Med 11(Suppl 1): S115-S123, May 1, 2013.

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Last updated: 09/29/2022
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