Quiz Questions

Emotional (1) 1. Expressions of empathy, love, trust and caring
Homogeneity (6) 2. Tangible aid and service
Instrumental (2) 3. Advice, suggestions, and information
Informational (3) 4. Information that is useful for self-evaluation
Reciprocity (9) 5. Extent to which network members know & interac with each othe
Density (5) 6. Extent to which network members are demographically similar
Intensity/Strength (12) 7. Extent to which network members live in close proximity to focal person
Appraisal (4) 8. Extent to which members of the dyad share equal power and influence
Geographic Dispersion (7) 9. Extent to which resources and support are both given and received
Directionality (8) 10. Extent to which social relations serve many functions
Complexity (10) 11. Extent to which social relationships exist in the context of organizational or institutional roles
Formality (11) 12. Extent to which social relationships offer emotional closeness

  1. What is the difference between paths 1 and 3, 2 and 2a, 4 and 4a?

    Answer: The presence of a stressor.
  2. Which constructs are used to describe social support? Social networks as a whole? Relationships within a social network?

    Answer: Social support: Emotional, Instrumental, Informational,Appraisal,Social network as a whole - Homogeneity, Density Geographic dispersion, Directionality,Network relationships - Reciprocity, Complexity, Formality, Intensity/Strength
  3. What are some suggested considerations that should be made when selecting an appropriate social networks or social support measure?

    Answer: (Varies). General considerations include validity and reliability data when used in similar investigations or with similar populations, which constructs should be measured based on study design.
  4. Why is mediation analysis so important for the testing the social networks model?

    Answer: Only 1 pathway hypothesizes a direct effect. In order to fully examine relationships, it is necessary to go beyond assessing correlates and extrapolating.